Occidental Mindoro: Four in Every Five Housing Units Had Floor Area of Less Than 30 Square Meters (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-143

Release Date: 

Wednesday, September 11, 2002

Population to double in 28 years

Results of the May 1, 2000 Census of Population and Housing indicated a total population of 380,250 persons in Occidental Mindoro. As compared to the 1995 Census of Population, which stood at 339,605 persons, this translates an increase of 40,645 persons.

The population growth rate of Occidental Mindoro declined to 2.45 percent. This was after recovering in 1990 to 1995 period (3.50 percent) from a continuous four census year decline starting 1970. If the current growth rate continues, the population of Occidental Mindoro was expected to double in the year 2028.

A corresponding increase in the number of households was observed, from 67,314 households in 1995 to 76,840 households in 2000. It depicted an average household size of 4.93 persons, slightly lower than the national average of five persons and also lower than the 1995 (5.02 persons).

Population of Occidental Mindoro ranked eighth in Southern Tagalog

Among the 11 provinces comprising Southern Tagalog, Occidental Mindoro was in eighth place, contributing only 3.22 percent to the 11.8 million population of Southern Tagalog. At the national level, the province made up about 0.50 percent of the total population of 76.5 million.

San Jose was the most populated municipality

Almost 54 percent of the total population resided in three municipalities of Occidental Mindoro namely: San Jose, the largest (29.19 percent), Sablayan (16.75 percent) and Mamburao (7.99 percent).

Half of the population were below 19 years

Occidental Mindoro had a median age of 19 years, (20 years in 1995). This meant that in 2000, about half of the population were below 19 years old.

Males outnumbered females

Males outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 107.02 males for every 100 females. Sex ratio in 1995 was recorded at 106.8.

Dependency ratio down to 78.56

The proportion of the total population belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years in 2000 was 40.83 percent, a decrease from the 1995 figure of 42.63 percent. The productive age group (15-64 years) increased from 54.55 percent in 1995 to 56 percent in 2000, while the oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 3.16 percent in 2000, from 2.83 percent in 1995.

As a result of the decrease in the proportion of population aged 0 to 14 years and the increase in the proportion 15 to 64 years, the dependency ratio dropped from 83.32 in 1995 to 78.56 in 2000.

More male voters

The number of voters in Occidental Mindoro was registered at 200,117 persons or 52.63 percent of the total population. The proportion of male (52.01 percent) voters was higher than that of the females (47.99 percent).

Almost half of the females were in the 15 to 49 age group

Out of 183,676 females, 88,271 or 48 percent were in the reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were those at age group 15 to 19 years (10.72 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

Almost one-half of the household population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education (48.03 percent). About one-fourth had attended or finished high school while 9.73 percent with higher education.

There were more males than females who attended/finished elementary (53.63 percent), high school (50.04 percent) and post secondary (51.87 percent), while females dominated the rest.

Majority were Tagalog

Most of the household population in Occidental Mindoro classified themselves as Tagalog (67.77 percent). Bisaya/Binisaya and Ilocano contributed 7.42 percent and 7.07 percent each, respectively. While Mangyan, the natives of Mindoro constituted only 3.67 percent.

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over, married persons made up about 45.34 percent as compared to single persons with 42.25 percent. The remaining 12.41 percent were either with other arrangements, widowed, separated/divorced or with unknown marital status.

More than one-fourth of the housing units had less than 10 square meter-floor area

Of the total occupied housing units, 27.44 percent had floor area of less than 10 square meters, 27.43 percent with 10 to 19 square meters, and 17.11 percent with 20 to 29 square meters. On the other hand, the proportion of housing units with floor area of 90 to 119 square meters was 3.28 percent.

Almost all of the housing units were single houses

Most of the occupied housing units were single houses (98.05 percent). Duplex and Multi-unit residential garnered only 0.83 percent and 0.78 percent, respectively. The remaining 0.34 percent were either commercial/industrial/agricultural or institutional living quarters.

Occupied housing units were made of light materials for the roof and walls

As to the construction materials used for the housing units, the outer walls were made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa/anahaw (45.54 percent) while the roof was made of cogon/nipa/anahaw (47.05 percent).

Occupied housing units using both bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa/anahaw for outer walls and cogon/nipa/anahaw for the roof constituted 37.66 percent.

OCCIDENTAL MINDORO

Mait was how the local people called their island. In the 13th century, Chinese merchants coming back to Fujian spoke of this land of Mait, which came into the annals of a Chinese functionary Chao Jukua. This started the ancient trade between the Chinese and the people of Mindoro or Mait.

Occidental Mindoro is the western half of the fabled island. The verde Passage separates it from Batangas coast. Its eastern coast faces the Mindoro Strait, which separates the island from Busuanga Palawan.

The climate is dry from December until May and wet the rest of the year.

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

In 1570, the Spanish explorer Martin de Goiti traveled up the western Mindoro coast to attack Muslim settlements in Mamburao and Lubang.

In 1581, the island of Mindoro, together with Lubang was put under the jurisdiction of the province of Balayan or Bombon.

In the early 17th century, Mindoro was constituted as a separate corregimiento. Moro raiders ravaged the island and depopulated most of the western coast.

In 1770, the Spaniards destroyed the Moro settlement at Mamburao, but raiding continued until the middle of the 19th century.

On February 20, 1921, Mindoro became a regular province through act No. 2964.

On June 13, 1950, the island was divided into two provinces through the passage of Republic Act No. 505.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph):

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table1. Total Population Distribution of Top 10 Municipalities by Sex: Occidental Mindoro, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Occidental Mindoro 380,250 100.00 196,574 183,676
     San Jose 111,009 29.19 56,674 54,335
     Sablayan 63,685 16.75 33,616 30,069
     Mamburao 30,378 7.99 15,341 15,037
     Rizal 29,785 7.83 15.748 14,037
     Magsaysay 28,740 7.56 14,766 13,974
     Sta. Cruz 26,887 7.07 13,917 12,970
     Calintaan 23,503 6.18 12,263 11,240
     Lubang 22,896 6.02 11,878 11,018
     Abra de Ilog 22,212 5.84 11,368 10,844
     Paluan 12,023 3.16 6,268 5,755

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Occidental Mindoro, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Occidental Mindoro 380,250 196,574 183,676 107.02
     Under 1 10,746 5,513 5,233 105.35
     1 to 4 43,553 22,295 21,258 104.88
     5 to 9 53,608 27,904 25,704 108.56
     10 to 14 47,361 24,161 23,200 104.14
     15 to 19 40,077 20,385 19,692 103.52
     20 to 24 32,984 17,247 15,737 109.60
     25 to 29 28,862 15,205 13,657 111.33
     30 to 34 25,912 13,560 12,352 109.78
     35 to 39 22,746 12,064 10,682 112.94
     40 to 44 19,180 10,090 9,090 111.00
     45 to 49 15,007 7,946 7,061 112.53
     50 to 54 12,196 6,331 5,865 107.95
     55 to 59 8,568 4,455 4,113 108.32
     60 to 64 7,426 3,729 3,697 100.87
     65 to 69 4,836 2,370 2,466 96.11
     70 to 74 3,217 1,571 1,646 95.44
     75 to 79 2,022 899 1,123 80.05
     80 & Over 1,949 849 1,100 77.18

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:
Occidental Mindoro, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Occidental Mindoro 324,248 167,229 157,019
     No Grade Completed 30,920 16,336 14,584
     Pre-School 7,080 3,645 3,435
     Elementary 155,734 83,525 72,209
     High School 77,806 38,938 38,868
     Post Secondary 10,687 5,543 5,144
     College Undergraduate 22,251 10,520 11,731
     Academic Degree Holder 8,426 3,059 5,367
     Post Baccalaureate 886 341 545
     Not Stated 10,458 5,322 5,136

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Occidental Mindoro, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/Separated Others Unknown
Occidental Mindoro 272,343 115,061 123,480 10,330 1,829 19,107 2,536
     Below 20 87,438 80,912 3,037 86 65 1,937 1,401
     20 - 24 32,984 18,946 9,976 100 164 3,469 329
     25 - 29 28,862 7,779 17,213 180 196 3,304 190
     30 - 34 25,912 3,220 19,441 314 210 2,602 125
     35 - 39 22,746 1,618 17,992 442 285 2,315 94
     40 - 44 19,180 927 15,525 664 252 1,748 64
     45 - 49 15,007 535 12,138 837 200 1,249 48
     50 - 54 12,196 359 9,543 1,107 169 972 46
     55 - 59 8,568 236 6,537 1,108 94 571 22
     60 - 64 7,426 185 5,275 1,402 98 424 42
     65 -69 4,836 111 3,148 1,206 43 212 116
     70 - 74 3,217 88 1,898 1,019 20 172 20
     75 - 79 2,022 56 1,016 848 20 65 17
     80 & Over 1,949 89 741 1,017 13 67 22

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Occidental Mindoro, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Occidental Mindoro 378,534 195,028 183,506
     Tagalog 256,530 131,124 125,406
     Bisaya/Binisaya 28,092 14,630 13,462
     Ilocano 26,766 14,079 12,687
     Mangyan 13,899 7,230 6,669
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 9,960 5,261 4,699
     Karay-a 6,940 3,633 3,307
     Cebuano 6,503 3,494 3,009
     Others 28,067 14,670 13,397
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 11 10 1
     Not Reported 1,777 1,777 870

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Occidental Mindoro, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Occidental Mindoro 75,225 33,299 146 3,859 366 35,395 413 656 1,091
     Concrete/Brick/
     Stone
18,365 16,786 73 253 16 957 6 274 -
     Wood 5,155 2,626 18 101 151 2,218 8 33 -
     Half Concrete/
     Brick/Stone
      and Half Wood
12,838 7,955 23 2,728 42 1,957 8 125 -
     Galvanized iron/
     Aluminum
377 195 4 63 18 94 - 3 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
     Cogon/Nipa
34,260 5,059 - 648 127 28,327 49 50 -
     Asbestos 63 29 14 4 1 - - 15 -
     Glass 26 21 1 1 - - - 3 -
     Makeshift/
     Salvaged/
     Improvised
      Materials
1,507 298 - 15 5 849 332 8 -
     Others/
     Not reported
2,505 303 7 43 4 909 6 142 1,091
     No Walls 129 27 6 3 2 84 4 3 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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