Occupational Shortages and Surpluses: 2015-2016…Statistics on Job Vacancies (Third of a series)

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Friday, June 1, 2018
This LABSTAT Updates is the third in a series of reports that presents the highlights of the results of the 2015/2016 Integrated Survey on Labor and Employment (ISLE) module entitled Occupational Shortages and Surpluses. Conducted every two years, the ISLE is a nationwide sample survey covering agricultural and non-agricultural establishments with 20 or more workers. The latest survey, 2015/2016 ISLE, covered 12,926 establishments. 
The indicator for employment by occupation comprises statistics on job vacancies classified according to major groups as defined in the 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC). This version of the PSOC distinguishes 10 major groups: (1) Managers; (2) Professionals; (3) Technicians and associate professionals; (4) Clerical support workers; (5) Service and sales workers; (6) Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers; (7) Craft and related trade workers; (8) Plant and machine operators and assemblers; (9) Elementary occupations; and (10) Armed forces occupations.  This issue presents statistics on job openings or vacancies that were made available for placements by establishments during the 18-month period covering January 2015 to June 2016 specifically for professional positions.
Job Vacancies and Applicants for the Professional Group of Occupations
From January 2015 to June 2016, a total of 91,175 of job vacancies for professional positions were recorded in all major industries. This was around 13 percent of the 698,683 total vacancies in all occupations during the period.
Job vacancies during the period were mostly recorded in the services sector at 86.27 percent. Industry sector had 13.55 percent while agriculture shared the remaining 0.18 percent of job openings. (Figure 1)
By industry, education (25.82% or 23,540) posted the largest number of vacancies, followed by administrative support services activities with a share of 17.28 percent or 15,751 vacancies. Thirty percent (30%) were the shares of information and communication (11.13% or 10,144); human health and social work activities (9.85% or 8,984), and manufacturing (9.06% or 8,259). (Table 1)
Meanwhile, a total of 559,636 applicants were posted in all vacant positions for professionals, around 15 percent of the 3,824,983 job seekers during the period.  
Eighty one percent (81%) of the total number of applicants for the group of professionals applied in the services sector. The rest applied in the industry and agriculture sectors with 18.22 percent and 0.11 percent shares, respectively. (Figure 2)
Across industries, most of the applicants vied for job openings in information and communication (16.29 percent or 91,148), and in administrative and support service activities (6.12 percent or 90,248).
Other industries with substantial share of aspirants for professional positions were: professional, scientific and technical activities (14.7% or 82,499); manufacturing (13.2% or 73,651); education (13.0% or 72,877) and wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (10.0% or 56,200).  (Table 1)
Noticeable surplus of mining engineers, metallurgists and related professionals
Occupational surplus occurs when there is abundance of applicants in a vacant position, assumed if there are excess or more than ten (10) applicants per vacancy.
Mining and quarrying recorded occupational surplus for any professional positions with an average of 36 applicants per vacancy.
The abundance of applicants was also evident in the professional, scientific and technical activities with a ratio of 12 applicants per vacancy (Table 1).
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