Olongapo City Had a Median Age of 23 Years

Reference Number: 

2002-081

Release Date: 

Friday, June 28, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 1.68 percent

  • The City of Olongapo registered a total population of 194,260 persons in the year 2000, up from 179,754 persons in 1995. This translated to an average annual growth rate of 1.68 percent, an increase of 3.03 percentage points during the 1990 to 1995 period.
  • The number of households rose to 43,107, higher by 4,231 households as compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 4.8 persons, a slight increase from 1995 (4.6) but lower than the national average of five persons.

Olongapo City contributed the least in Region III in terms of population size

  • Olongapo City had the least population among the six provinces (Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales), and two highly urbanized cities (Angeles City and Olongapo City) in Region III. This city contributed only 2.4 percent to the eight million population of the region.
  • At the national level, Olongapo City shared 0.25 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Barangay Santa Rita was the largest in terms of population size

  • Olongapo City had a total of 17 barangays in 2000.
  • Barangay Santa Rita registered the largest population with 33,477 persons. It accounted for 17.23 percent of the population of the entire city. Gordon Heights and East Bajac-bajac followed with 11.09 and 9.64 percent, respectively. New Ilalim registered the lowest population with 87 persons, or 0.03 percent of the population of the city.

Olongapo City had a median age of 23 years

  • Olongapo City had a median age of 23 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 23 years old. The median age in 1995 was 22 years.
  • Female population outnumbered their male counterparts with a sex ratio of 97 males for every 100 females.

Overall dependency ratio was 60

  • The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 60. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 60 dependents (55 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 5 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 dependency ratio was slightly lower than the 60.46 ratio reported in 1995.

More females in almost all levels of education

  • Of the total population 5 years old and over, almost one out of three persons (28.7 percent) reached or completed elementary education.
  • Thirty eight percent had either attended or finished high school education.
  • The proportion of persons who were academic degree holders was 5 percent while 13 percent had attended college.
  • There were more females in almost all levels of education except in post secondary and pre-school levels.

Majority were Tagalog

  • Majority (81.8 percent) of the household population in Olongapo City classified themselves as Tagalog. About 4.56 percent considered themselves as Ilocano, and 2.54 percent as Sambal/Zambal. Other ethnic groups included Kapampangan (2.3 percent), and Bisaya/Binisaya (1.8 percent).

Widowed are mostly women

  • The proportion of married persons was slightly higher (42.57 percent) as compared to single persons (42.30 percent). The remaining fifteen percent were either widowed, divorced/ separated, with other arrangement or with unknown marital status.
  • The proportion of single persons was slightly higher among males (51.18 percent) than among females (48.92 percent).
  • The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (81.35 percent) compared to males (18.65 percent).

Housing occupancy rate was 100 percent

  • There were 42,280 housing units in Olongapo City, of which 42,278 were occupied, or 100 percent occupancy rate.
  • This registered an increase of 2.69 percentage points from 1990 and a ratio of 1.02 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 4.58 persons per occupied housing unit.

Multi-units residential/building down to 27 percent

  • Proportion of multi-unit residential dropped by 15.3 percentage points from 42.3 percent in 1990 to 27 percent in 2000.
  • Majority (60.34 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses.
  • Three out of four occupied housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only.
  • One-eight of the total occupied housing units were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

Majority of the housing units had walls made of concrete/brick stone

  • As to the construction materials used for housing units, majority (82 percent) of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, from 75.6 percent in 1990
  • Fifty five percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone, an increase of 15 percentage points from 1990.

 

OLONGAPO CITY

Olongapo City was converted into a city on June 1, 1966.

The Olongapo area was once the site of the biggest U.S. naval base (Subic Naval Base) in Asia for over three quarters of a century. The base was turned over to the Philippine government when the Americans left in 1992 and was converted into an industrial and tourism zone under the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA). Since then, its huge area, including a docking facilities and an international airport are attracting foreign investors. Tourist attractions include the vast tree canopied forest that extends up to Bataan, Bat Kingdom, and stores selling imported goods.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces by Conrado M. Lancion Jr.
              (Tahanan books: Manila)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Barangays in Olongapo City: 2000

Barangay Total Population Percent
     Olongapo City 194,260 100.00
     New Kalalake 8,718 4.49
     East Tapinac 10,058 5.18
     Mabayuan 10,305 5.30
     Kalaklan 10,340 5.32
     Old Cabalan 12,348 6.36
     Barreto 15,816 8.14
     New Cabalan 18,167 9.35
     East Bajac-bajac 18,725 9.64
     Gordon Heights 21,536 11.09
     Santa Rita 33,477 17.23

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Olongapo City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
     Olongapo City 194,260 95,585 98,675 96.87
     Under 1 5,083 2,649 2,434 108.83
     1 to 4 19,461 10,006 9,455 105.83
     5 to 9 21,870 11,260 10,610 106.13
     10 to 14 20,760 10,439 10,321 101.14
     15 to 19 18,719 9,224 9,495 97.15
     20 to 24 18,598 8,714 9,884 88.16
     25 to 29 17,226 8,534 8,692 98.18
     30 to 34 15,477 7,645 7,832 97.61
     35 to 39 13,496 6,639 6,857 96.82
     40 to 44 11,352 5,522 5,830 94.72
     45 to 49 9,482 4,517 4,965 90.98
     50 to 54 8,202 3,837 4,365 87.90
     55 to 59 4,781 2,273 2,508 90.63
     60 to 64 3,924 1,832 2,092 87.57
     65 to 69 2,501 1,177 1,324 88.90
     70 to 74 1,558 671 887 75.65
     75 to 79 1,007 406 601 67.55
     80 & Over 763 240 523 45.89

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Olongapo City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
     Olongapo City 169,222 82,627 86,595
     No Grade Completed 4,801 2,485 2,316
     Pre-School 3,982 2,065 1,917
     Elementary 48,572 22,756 25,816
     High School 65,105 32,327 32,778
     Post Secondary 12,224 6,372 5,852
     College Undergraduate 21,831 10,872 10,959
     Academic Degree Holder 8,428 3,688 4,740
     Post Baccalaureate 1,216 552 664
     Not Stated 3,063 1,510 1,553

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Olongapo City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Olongapo City 147,846 62,625 62,845 6,118 2,851 12,184 1,223
     Below 20 39,479 37,175 800 33 59 744 668
     20 - 24 18,598 11,638 4,045 33 173 2,519 190
     25 - 29 17,226 5,982 8,278 59 320 2,485 102
     30 - 34 15,477 3,043 9,816 112 371 2,070 65
     35 - 39 13,496 1,855 9,464 208 378 1,552 39
     40 - 44 11,352 1,036 8,408 368 444 1,064 32
     45 - 49 9,482 644 7,129 584 370 728 27
     50 - 54 8,202 517 6,013 833 324 485 30
     55 - 59 4,781 249 3,332 746 177 257 20
     60 - 64 3,924 205 2,578 877 125 130 9
     65 - 69 2,501 142 1,545 670 62 74 8
     70 - 74 1,558 72 782 614 30 44 16
     75 - 79 1,007 40 429 503 12 15 8
     80 & Over 763 27 226 478 6 17 9

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Olongapo City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
     Olongapo City 193,752 95,277 98,475
     Tagalog 158,414 78,613 79,801
     Ilocano 8,842 4,372 4,470
     Kapampangan 4,391 2,141 2,250
     Bisaya/Binisaya 3,391 1,455 1,936
     Sambal/Zambal 4,920 2,315 2,605
     Others 12,977 5980 6997
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 162 112 50
     Not Reported 655 289 366

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Olongapo City, 2000

Type of Building Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Olongapo City 42,278 43,107 193,752 1.02 4.58
     Single House 25,510 26,009 121,369 1.02 4.76
     Duplex 4,608 4,715 20,120 1.02 4.37
     Multi-Unit Residential 11,412 11,624 48,505 1.02 4.25
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 253 259 1,155 1.02 4.57
     Institutional Living Quarters 31 32 134 1.03 4.32
     Other Housing Units 22 22 91 1.00 4.14
     Not Reported 442 446 2,378 1.01 5.38

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio, the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population.

Household, a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of Olongapo City was excluded in the population counts of Zambales. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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Page last revised: June 28, 2002







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