Oriental Mindoro: Proportion of Housing Units with Roof Made of Galvanized Iron/Aluminum Doubled (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-129

Release Date: 

Friday, September 6, 2002

 

Population to double in 28 years

The province of Oriental Mindoro registered a total population of 681,818 persons in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing. This figure exceeded 73,202 persons as compared to 608,616 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population.

The annual population growth rate recorded at 2.46 percent in the 1995-2000 period showed an improvement since 1970 when it broke the downward trend, although still below the level in 1970. The current growth rate was 0.55 percentage point higher than the 1990-1995 period of 1.91 percent. If the current growth rate continues, the population of Oriental Mindoro is expected to double in the year 2028.

The number of households also rose to 134,453 households, from 119,197 households in 1995. The average household size was 5.07 persons, slight decrease from 1995 (5.10 persons) and a little higher than the national average of five persons.

Population of Oriental Mindoro ranked seventh in Southern Tagalog

Oriental Mindoro ranked seventh in terms of population among the 11 provinces in Southern Tagalog (Region IV), contributing 5.78 percent to the 11.8 million population of the region. At the national level, Oriental Mindoro shared only 0.89 percent out of 76.5 million Philippine population.

Calapan City, the provincial capital, reached a hundred thousand total population

Out of the 14 municipalities and one component city comprising Oriental Mindoro, Calapan City, the provincial capital, was the biggest in terms of population size. This registered a municipal population of 105,910 persons or 15.53 percent of the provincial population. Naujan (12.30 percent) and Pinamalayan (10.70 percent) followed in the second and third rank, respectively in terms of population size.

Oriental Mindoro had a median age of 19 years

About half of the population of Oriental Mindoro were below 19 years of age. In 1995 the median was 18 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 103.3

The males outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 103.34 males for every 100 females. There were more males in the age group 0-54 years while females for the rest.

Dependency ratio down to 81.64

;As a result of the decrease in the proportion of population aged 0 to 14 years (from 43.12 percent in 1995 to 41.49 percent in 2000) and the increase in the proportion of 15 to 64 year-age group (from 53.76 percent in 1995 to 55.05 percent in 2000), the overall dependency ratio dropped to 81.64 percent, from 86.01 percent in 1995.

One in every two females, 15 to 49 years were in childbearing ages

Almost half (47.17 percent) of females were in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were those at the youngest age group 15 to 19 years (10.51 percent).

More females than male degree holders

About half of the household population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education (49.68 percent); one-fourth (25.38 percent), high school; less than 10 percent were college undergraduates or academic degree holders; and 0.12 percent, post baccalaureate courses.

There were more males who had attended/ finished elementary and post secondary education, while females for the rest. Among the academic degree holders, females almost doubled its number as compared to the males.

Four out of five were Tagalog

Four-fifths of the population in Oriental Mindoro classified themselves as Tagalog (81.12 percent). Bisaya/Binisaya contributed 8.56 percent while Mangyan, the natives of Mindoro accounted only 2.79 percent. Other ethnic groups included were Ilocano (1.57 percent), Romblon/Rombloanon (1.44 percent) and Hanunuo (1.13 percent).

Married and single persons were almost equal in number

More than two-fifths each of the population in Oriental Mindoro were reported married (44.92 percent) and single (42.93 percent). The remaining 12.15 percent were either with other arrangements, widowed, separated/divorced or with unknown marital status.

Households preferred 10-19 square meters floor area

One-fourth (26.61 percent) of the occupied housing units had floor area of 10-19 square meters, while 23.47 percent had less than 10 square meters. Both ranges of floor areas suffered decreases as compared with the 1990 Census (28.53 percent and 26 percent, respectively in 1990). On the other hand, the least preferred floor area was 90 to 119 square meters (2.29 percent).

Almost all of the housing units were single houses

Most of the occupied housing units were single (96.08 percent). Three-fifths of the building condition in Oriental Mindoro needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only (60.84 percent). Almost 40 percent of these housing units were built in 1996-2000.

Half of the housing units shifted to galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof

The proportion of occupied housing units with roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum rose from 26.97 percent in 1990 to 52.01 percent in 2000. In 1990, the most preferred roof was cogon/nipa/anahaw (67.01 percent). As to the construction materials of the outer walls, bamboo/ sawali/cogon/nipa/anahaw still prevailed inspite of the decline from 54.36 percent in 1990 to 33.85 percent in 2000.

ORIENTAL MINDORO

The Spanish called it 'Mina de Oro' believing that the island was the site a fable mountain of gold.

Oriental Mindoro shares the eastern half of the large island of Mindoro island. On the north, the narrow Verde Island Passage lies between it and the Batangas coast of the island of Luzon. To the east, Tablas Strait separates Mindoro from the islands of Romblon. Semirara and Panay islands lie southwards. A mountainous interior cordillera separates the province from Occidental Mindoro.

The climate is divided into two seasons, dry weather from November to May and rainy weather the rest of the year.

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

In early 17th century, the island of Mindoro was placed under the jurisdiction of the province of Bombon (Batangas). A separate corregimiento was established and the corregidor took residence in Puerto Galera.

In 19th century, the threat to settlements diminished that population steadily increased

In June 1902, Mindoro was made part of Marinduque but was established as a special province in November of the same year.

On February 20, 1921, it became a regular province through Act No. 2964.

On June 13, 1950, the island was divided into two provinces through the passage of Republic Act No. 505.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines
               (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top 10 Municipalities by Sex: Oriental Mindoro, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Oriental Mindoro 681,818 100 346,510 335,308
     Calapan 105,910 15.53 53,723 52,187
     Naujan 83,892 12.30 43,401 40,491
     Pinamalayan 72,951 10.70 36,859 36,092
     Bongabong 59,477 8.72 30,429 29,048
     Victoria 42,873 6.29 21,903 20,970
     Roxas 41,265 6.05 20,649 20,616
     Mansalay 39,041 5.73 19,748 19,293
     Gloria 38,667 5.67 19,430 19,237
     Socorro 37,176 5.45 8,899 18,277
     Bansud 35,032 5.14 17,637 17,395

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Oriental Mindoro, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Oriental Mindoro 681,818 346,510 335,308 103.34
     Under 1 18,158 9,274 8,884 104.39
     1 to 4 76,833 38,999 37,834 103.08
     5 to 9 98,371 50,442 47,929 105.24
     10 to 14 89,509 45,453 44,056 103.17
     15 to 19 72,460 37,235 35,225 105.71
     20 to 24 57,433 29,528 27,905 105.82
     25 to 29 48,857 24,928 23,929 104.17
     30 to 34 44,414 22,876 21,538 106.21
     35 to 39 39,904 20,620 19,284 106.93
     40 to 44 34,722 17,716 17,006 104.17
     45 to 49 27,314 14,050 13,264 105.93
     50 to 54 21,369 10,704 10,665 100.37
     55 to 59 15,624 7,698 7,926 97.12
     60 to 64 13,266 6,430 6,836 94.06
     65 to 69 9,388 4,450 4,938 90.12
     70 to 74 6,415 2,906 3,509 82.82
     75 to 79 3,909 1,712 2,197 77.92
     80 & Over 3,872 1,489 2,383 62.48

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Oriental Mindoro, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Oriental Mindoro 586,230 297,852 288,378
     No Grade Completed 44,095 22,803 21,292
     Pre-School 12,385 6,232 6,153
     Elementary 291,239 153,053 138,186
     High School 148,757 73,268 75,489
     Post Secondary 17,692 9,480 8,212
     College Undergraduate 39,259 18,719 20,540
     Academic Degree Holder 15,633 5,622 10,011
     Post Baccalaureate 686 317 369
     Not Stated 16,484 8,358 8,126

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Oriental Mindoro, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Oriental Mindoro 488,456 209,789 219,298 20,924 4,280 27,912 6,253
     Below 20 161,969 150,388 4,815 190 167 2,546 3,863
     20 - 24 57,433 33,371 17,990 158 287 4,736 891
     25 - 29 48,857 13,108 29,912 263 454 4,702 418
     30 - 34 44,414 5,426 33,714 487 557 3,989 241
     35 - 39 39,904 2,649 32,291 795 602 3,420 147
     40 - 44 34,722 1,607 28,472 1,270 632 2,593 148
     45 - 49 27,314 983 22,082 1,613 518 1,992 126
     50 - 54 21,369 733 16,693 2,075 365 1,421 82
     55 - 59 15,624 426 11,677 2,284 265 908 64
     60 - 64 13,266 354 9,133 2,841 194 685 59
     65 - 69 9,388 251 5,955 2,601 120 413 48
     70 - 74 6,415 218 3,487 2,348 68 247 47
     75 - 79 3,909 123 1,829 1,780 28 115 34
     80 & Over 3,872 152 1,248 2,219 23 145 85

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Oriental Mindoro, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Oriental Mindoro 681,208 346,117 335,091
     Tagalog 552,566 280,950 271,616
     Bisaya/Binisaya 58,317 29,255 29,062
     Mangyan 19,001 4,818 9,183
     Ilocano 10,728 5,567 5,161
     Romblon/Rombloanon 9,777 4,950 4,827
     Hanunuo 7,702 3,869 3,833
     Bicol/Bikol 2,930 1,537 1,393
     Others 17,291 8,712 8,579
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 37 29 8
     Not Reported 2896 1,459 1,437

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Oriental Mindoro, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Oriental Mindoro 133,239 69,300 490 5,103 1,121 54,168 764 229 2,064
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 35,996 33,764 288 432 28 1,459 4 21 -
     Wood 21,591 11,804 47 642 539 8,479 42 38 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
23,891 16,336 75 3,153 131 4,154 19 23 -
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
565 276 7 138 16 124 3 1 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
45,105 5,940 - 652 363 38,002 99 49 -
     Asbestos 127 61 45 9 5 - - 7 -
     Glass 50 31 9 9 - - - 1 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
2,086 255 - 23 11 1,196 589 12 -
     Others/Not reported 3,702 754 11 44 22 724 7 76 2,064
     No Walls 126 79 8 1 6 30 1 1 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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