Over One and a Half Million Persons in Iloilo

Reference Number: 

2002-086

Release Date: 

Wednesday, July 10, 2002

 

Annual Growth rate up to 2.10 percent

The province of Iloilo registered a total population of 1.6 million persons in the year 2000, up from 1.4 million persons in 1995. This figure gave an average annual population growth rate of 2.10 percent from 1995 to 2000, an increase of 1.05 percentage points from the average rate in the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households in 2000 was 298,593, an increase of 34,711 households over the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 5.2 persons, a slight decrease from the average in 1995 (5.3 persons) and higher than the national average of five persons.

City of Passi had the largest population in Iloilo

Among the 42 municipalities and one city in Iloilo (excluding Iloilo City), the City of Passi, which comprised 4.46 percent of the total provincial population, was the largest in terms of population size. Next were Oton (4.2 percent), Pototan (3.9 percent), Miagao (3.7 percent), and Dumangas (3.6 percent). The provincial capital, Iloilo City which had a population of 366,391 persons was excluded in the count of the province, being a highly urbanized city (a separate Press Release for Iloilo City was prepared).

Iloilo ranked second in Region VI

Among the six provinces (Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo, Negros Occidental), and two highly urbanized cities (Iloilo City and Bacolod City) in Western Visayas, Iloilo ranked second in terms of population size, next to Negros Occidental. This province contributed 25.1 percent to the 6.2 million population of the region. At the national level, Iloilo shared 2.1 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000).

Median age was 22 years

Iloilo had a median age of 22 years. This means that in 2000 half of the population were below 22 years old. The median age in 1995 was 21 years.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 102 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 49 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age group 50 years and over.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 70

In 2000, the 0 to 14 age group made up about 35 percent of the total population while the population aged 65 years and above comprised 5.9 percent. The economically active population aged 15 to 64 thus, made up 59 percent of the total population in Iloilo.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 70. This means that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 70 dependents (60 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and ten persons aged 65 years old and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower by seven persons than the ratio reported in 1995 (77).

More female than male academic degree holders

Of the total household population five years old and over, 43.5 percent had attended or completed elementary education; 27.7 percent, high school; 9.71 percent, college; and four percent, academic degree holders. There were more females in almost all levels of education except in post secondary and pre-school levels. Among the academic degree holders, there was only one male for every two females.

Seven out of ten residents were Hiligaynons/Ilonggos

Majority (72 percent) of the household population in Iloilo classified themselves as Hiligaynon/Ilonggo. About 14.8 percent considered themselves as Karay-a and 11.3 percent as Kiniray-a. Other ethnic groups included Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey (0.19 percent) and Cebuano (0.18 percent).

Almost half were still single in 2000

Almost half (48.7 percent) of those who were 10 years old and over were single, while 43 percent were married. The remaining eight percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, in other marital arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Occupancy rate was almost 100 percent

There were 295,503 housing units in Iloilo, of which 295,431 were occupied, or 99.98 occupancy rate. This registered a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing units or a ratio of 5.27 persons per occupied housing units. Majority of the occupied housing units were single houses (97.85 percent). Duplex and multi-unit residential houses accounted for only 0.50 percent and 0.13 percent, respectively.

ILOILO

          Iloilo is the largest province in Panay. The province got its name from the word "Irong-Irong" which came from the word "Ilong-ilong" or "noselike" which describes the shape of the land cutting to rivers to form the angle of a nose. It is bounded on the north by the province of Capiz, on the east by Visayan Sea and Guimaras Strait, on the west by the province of Antique, and on the south by Panay Gulf and Iloilo Strait. It is said that ten Bornean Datus who purchased Panay in 1212, from Negrito Chief Marikudo for a gold "salakot" and necklace are said to have landed near Siwaragan River, which is now known as San Joaquin, Iloilo. In 1700 when the Spaniards built Fort San Pedro in the village of Irong-Irong, they shortened it's name to Iloilo, which later became the name of the city and the province. The province of Iloilo was created under Act No. 2711 on March 10, 1917.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces by: Conrado M. Lancion (Tahanan Books: Manila)

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Top Ten Municipality and Sex : Iloilo, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Iloilo 1,559,182 100.00 786,175 773,007
     City of Passi 69,601 4.46 34,994 34,607
     Oton 65,374 4.19 32,798 32,576
     Pototan 61,206 3.93 30,690 30,516
     Lambunao 61,084 3.92 31,020 30,064
     Miagao 57,092 3.66 28,654 28,438
     Dumangas 56,291 3.61 28,323 27,968
     Janiuay 54,166 3.47 27,170 26,996
     Carles 53,404 3.43 27,213 26,191
     Tigbauan 50,446 3.24 25,235 25,211
     Calinog 48,454 3.11 24,580 23,874

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Iloilo, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Iloilo 1,559,182 786,175 773,007 101.70
     Under 1 36,055 18,776 17,279 108.66
     1 to 4 141,192 72,002 69,190 104.06
     5 to 9 188,357 96,349 92,008 104.72
     10 to 14 186,992 95,152 91,840 103.61
     15 to 19 167,190 85,968 81,222 105.84
     20 to 24 136,014 71,348 64,666 110.33
     25 to 29 111,526 58,154 53,372 108.96
     30 to 34 103,481 52,698 50,783 103.77
     35 to 39 94,571 48,451 46,120 105.05
     40 to 44 83,325 42,013 41,312 101.7
     45 to 49 69,830 35,105 34,725 101.09
     50 to 54 58,114 28,265 29,849 94.69
     55 to 59 47,797 22,808 24,989 91.27
     60 to 64 42,538 19,493 23,045 84.59
     65 to 69 31,700 14,269 17,431 81.86
     70 to 74 23,951 10,357 13,594 76.19
     75 to 79 18,025 7,459 10,566 70.59
     80 & Over 18,524 7,508 11,016 68.16

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Iloilo, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Iloilo 1,381,118 694,870 686,248
     No Grade Completed 64,473 33,944 30,529
     Pre-School 41,906 21,402 20,504
     Elementary 600,863 315,139 285,724
     High School 383,077 187,860 195,217
     Post Secondary 95,944 53,694 42,250
     College Undergraduate 105,398 48,626 56,772
     Academic Degree Holder 54,640 18,229 36,411
     Post Baccalaureate 9,471 3,137 6,334
     Not Stated 25,346 12,839 12,507

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Iloilo, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Iloilo 1,193,578 580,955 513,391 59,455 6,085 24,507 9,185
     Below 20 354,182 340,872 6,214 206 108 2,188 4,594
     20 - 24 136,014 103,384 26,568 180 291 4,116 1,475
     25 - 29 111,526 52,915 52,918 430 455 3,888 920
     30 - 34 103,481 27,337 70,795 878 677 3,245 549
     35 - 39 94,571 15,190 73,816 1,578 912 2,756 319
     40 - 44 83,325 9,899 67,294 2,659 954 2,288 231
     45 - 49 69,830 7,032 56,321 3,700 824 1,769 184
     50 - 54 58,114 5,912 45,271 4,752 639 1,358 182
     55 - 59 47,797 4,583 35,847 5,854 422 965 126
     60 - 64 42,538 4,059 29,896 7,356 308 773 146
     65 - 69 31,700 3,202 20,343 7,369 209 453 124
     70 - 74 23,951 2,595 13,392 7,392 137 346 89
     75 - 79 18,025 2,053 8,453 7,149 88 195 87
     80 & Over 18,524 1,922 6,263 9,952 61 167 159

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Iloilo, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Iloilo 1,558,351 785,643 772,708
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 1,126,664 568,369 558,295
     Kiniray-a 175,613 88,084 87,529
     Karay-a 231,019 116,784 114,235
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 2,913 1,434 1,479
     Cebuano 2,731 1,353 1,378
     Others 11,729 5,766 5,963
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 86 61 25
     Not Reported 7,596 3,792 3,804

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Units by Type of Building: Iloilo, 2000

Type of Building Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Iloilo 295,431 298,593 1,558,351 1.01 5.27
     Single House 289,072 292,076 1,522,560 1.01 5.27
     Duplex 1,473 1,593 7,919 1.08 5.38
     Multi-Unit Residential 395 410 1,953 1.04 4.94
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 248 251 1,079 1.01 4.35
     Institutional Living Quarters 41 42 246 1.02 6.00
     Other Housing Units 11 11 61 1.00 5.55
     Not Reported 4,191 4,210 24,533 1.00 5.85

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

The population count of Iloilo excludes the count of Iloilo City, being a highly urbanized city. A separate Press Release was prepared for each highly urbanized city. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.

 






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