Over Two Million Persons in Cavite

Reference Number: 

2002-152

Release Date: 

Wednesday, September 18, 2002

 

Population to double in 13 years

The total population of Cavite, as of May 1, 2000, was 2,063,161 persons, up by 452,837 persons from the 1995 census result. This figure translated to an annual population growth rate of 5.45 percent from 6.47 percent during the 1990 to 1995 period. If the current annual population growth rate continues, the population of the province will double in about 13 years.

Number of households rose to 428,879

The number of households rose to 428,879, higher by 105,347 households as compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 4.78 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.95 persons in 1995 and the 2000 national average of five persons.

Cavite had the largest population in Southern Tagalog

Cavite was the biggest in terms of population size and the second fastest growing province in Southern Tagalog, next to Rizal. This province contributed 17.49 percent to the 11.8 million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 2.70 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000).

Dasmariñas, the most populated municipality

Among the 30 municipalities and three cities comprising Cavite, Dasmariñas was the most populated municipality. This registered a population of 379,520 persons or 18.40 percent of the total provincial population. Bacoor and Imus followed with 14.82 percent and 9.47 percent, respectively. Trece Martirez City, the provincial capital, accounted to 2.20 percent. The least populous municipality was General Emilio Aguinaldo (0.69 percent).

Median age was 22 years

Cavite had a median age of 22 years, the same as in 1995. This meant that, half of the population were below 22 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 98

There were 1.02 million males and 1.04 million females in Cavite. This resulted to a sex ratio of 98 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio was 75

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 60.86. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 61 dependents, that is, 56 young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) and five old dependents (aged 65 years and over). In 1995, dependency ratio was recorded at 62.63.

More female voters than males

Three out of five persons in Cavite were voters (59.76 percent). The proportion of females (51.55 percent) was higher than that of the males (48.45 percent).

More than half of female population were in childbearing ages

Out of 1.04 million females in the province, 575,196 or 55.12 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were women aged 20 to 24 years (18.97 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

More than one-third (35.90 percent) of the total household population five years old and over had attended or completed secondary education; 31.25 percent, elementary; 5.08 percent with post secondary education; and 18.92 percent with higher education.

Males dominated the pre-school (51.18 percent) and post secondary (51.23 percent) levels. On the other hand, females dominated the higher levels of education, from college to post baccalaureate courses.

Widowed were mostly women

Of the total population 10 years old and over, 41.12 percent were single while 46.27 percent were married. The remaining 10.04 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other marital arrangements or with unknown marital status.

There were slightly more men than women among single persons, (50.91 percent and 49.09 percent, respectively). On the other hand, the proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (79.25 percent) than the males (20.75 percent).

Three in four were Tagalogs

Majority (75.90 percent) of the residents of Cavite classified themselves as Tagalog. The rest were Caviteño (8.76 percent), Bisaya/Binisaya (2.64 percent), Bikol/Bicol (2.54 percent), Waray (1.80 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (7.42 percent).

Single houses were most preferred

About 94 percent of the occupied housing units were single houses. On the other hand, seven out of 10 occupied housing units either needed minor repair or no repair at all.

Median floor area was 36 square meters

The median floor area in 2000 was 36.30 square meters, higher than the 30.43 square meters recorded in 1990. This meant that half of the occupied housing units in Cavite had a floor area of below 36 square meters.

Majority of the houses were made of strong materials for roof and walls

Of the 419,508 occupied housing units in Cavite, 54.45 percent had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and concrete/brick/ stone for the outer walls.

CAVITE

Cavite lies along the southern shore of Manila Bay. It is bounded on the north by Manila Bay and Metro Manila, on the east by Laguna, on the west by the South China Sea, and on the south by Batangas. The province overlooks the enchanting Taal Volcano at the south.

The province name was derived from the Tagalog word "kawit," meaning hook, referring to the shape of the peninsula. It was created as a politico-military in 1614. During the Philippine Revolution in 1896, Cavite was the center of military operations. On June 12, 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo, the first Philippine president, declared the Philippine Independence in this province.

Cavite has three centers of tourism: the Tagaytay Upland area for its scenic attractions, the Ternate-Naic Corregidor area for its unspoiled beaches, and the Kawit-Cavite City for its historical and cultural attraction. It has two world-class resorts: Puerto Azul and Caylabne.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               by: Conrado M. Lancion,
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

  (Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: Cavite, 2000

Municipality Total Population Percent Male Female
Cavite 2,063,161 100.00 1,019,820 1,043,341
     Dasmariñas 379,520 18.40 187,906 191,614
     Bacoor 305,699 14.82 149,573 156,126
     Imus 195,482 9.47 94,148 101,334
     Silang 156,137 7.57 79,540 76,597
     Gen. Mariano Alvarez 112,446 5.45 56,244 56,202
     Other Cities/Municipalities 913,877 44.29 452,409 461,468

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Cavite, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Cavite 2,063,161 1,019,820 1,043,341 97.75
     Under 1 53,522 27,270 26,252 103.88
     1 - 4 211,210 108,003 103,207 104.65
     5 - 9 239,723 122,992 116,731 105.36
     10 - 14 209,628 106,616 103,012 103.50
     15 - 19 198,720 96,434 102,286 94.28
     20 - 24 205,650 96,543 109,107 88.48
     25 - 29 183,623 88,714 94,909 93.47
     30 - 34 174,734 86,239 88,495 97.45
     35 - 39 150,568 75,683 74,885 101.07
     40 - 44 122,555 62,347 60,208 103.55
     45 - 49 92,066 46,760 45,306 103.21
     50 - 54 70,635 35,081 35,554 98.67
     55 - 59 44,968 21,493 23,475 91.56
     60 - 64 39,028 18,016 21,012 85.74
     65 - 69 26,818 11,737 15,081 77.83
     70 - 74 17,533 7,556 9,977 75.73
     75 - 79 11,039 4,444 6,595 67.38
     80 & over 11,141 3,892 7,249 53.69

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Cavite, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Cavite 1,787,155 877,042 910,113
     No Grade Completed 59,942 30,754 29,188
     Pre-School 42,767 21,889 20,878
     Elementary 558,435 273,531 284,904
     High School 641,586 315,375 326,211
     Post Secondary 90,824 46,527 44,297
     College Undergraduate 245,327 121,134 124,193
     Academic Degree Holder 84,117 36,510 47,607
     Post Baccalaureate 8,629 3,772 4,857
     Not Stated 55,528 27,550 27,978

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Cavite, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Cavite 1,558,706 640,965 721,179 59,653 23,549 87,445 25,915
     Below 20 408,348 377,380 10,459 351 546 6,395 13,217
     20 - 24 205,650 128,061 54,217 390 1,697 16,845 4,440
     25 - 29 183,623 60,420 101,181 715 2,743 16,048 2,516
     30 - 34 174,734 31,135 123,225 1,407 3,335 13,867 1,765
     35 - 39 150,568 16,878 115,719 2,230 3,603 11,094 1,044
     40 - 44 122,555 9,395 97,027 3,535 3,543 8,396 659
     45 - 49 92,066 5,651 72,680 4,683 2,788 5,809 455
     50 - 54 70,635 4,114 53,821 6,302 2,099 3,864 435
     55 - 59 44,968 2,369 32,741 6,370 1,226 2,007 255
     60 - 64 39,028 1,968 26,263 8,093 952 1,441 311
     65 - 69 26,818 1,356 16,306 7,606 508 811 231
     70 - 74 17,533 966 9,219 6,418 260 455 215
     75 - 79 11,039 595 4,866 5,056 139 227 156
     80 & over 11,141 677 3,455 6,497 110 186 216

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Cavite, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Cavite 2,051,507 1,012,147 1,039,360
     Tagalog 1,557,027 770,470 786,557
     Caviteño 179,812 89,900 89,912
     Bisaya/Binisaya 54,238 25,558 28,680
     Bikol/Bicol 52,031 25,723 26,308
     Waray 37,006 17,594 19,412
     Other Local Ethnicity 152,207 73,219 78,988
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 979 659 320
     Not Reported 18,207 9,024 9,183

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Cavite, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not
Reported
Cavite 419,508 347,506 7,398 34,706 9,637 8,782 4,202 359 6,918
     Concrete/Brick/
       Stone
239,049 228,405 6,191 3,474 417 234 208 120 -
     Wood 58,845 45,603 297 2,302 7,808 2,526 252 57 -
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
87,392 57,762 793 27,276 803 466 232 60 -
     Galvanized iron/
       Aluminum
3,479 2,549 32 705 89 62 36 6 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
       Cogon/Nipa
13,307 7,366 - 425 359 4,942 198 16 1
     Asbestos 153 102 11 20 6 - - 14 -
     Glass 216 182 16 9 7 - - 2 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
7,185 3,212 - 215 50 482 3,191 33 2
     Others/Not
       Reported
9,592 2,125 47 264 84 64 48 47 6,913
     No Walls 290 200 11 16 14 6 37 4 2

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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