Palawan: Population Rose to Three Quarter of a Million (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-090

Release Date: 

Tuesday, July 16, 2002

 

Population growth rate decreased to 3.6 percent

Palawan, the largest province in the Philippines in terms of land area, registered a total population of 755,412 persons based on the results of the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000). This figure translated to an annual population growth rate of 3.60 percent from 3.67 percent during the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households rose to 150,995, higher by 26,067 households as compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 4.98 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.07 persons in 1995.

Puerto Princesa City was the most populated municipality

Of the 24 municipalities comprising Palawan, Puerto Princesa City, the provincial capital, was the highest in terms of population size. This registered a population of 161,912 persons or 21.43 percent of the total provincial population. It was followed by Narra (7.53 percent) and Taytay (7.10 percent). Cagayancillo and Kalayaan had the smallest population with 0.84 percent and 0.03 percent of the total provincial population, respectively.

Palawan ranked fourth in Southern Tagalog in terms of population growth rate

Among the 11 provinces and one highly urbanized city in Southern Tagalog, Palawan, ranked fourth as the fastest growing province in the region while the province of Rizal ranked first at 5.79 percent. This surpassed the national annual population growth rate of 2.36 percent.

Palawan had a median age of 18 years

Palawan had a median age of 18 years, the same as that of the 1995 median age.

Sex ratio was recorded at 107

There were 390.6 thousand males and 364.8 thousand females in Palawan. This gave a sex ratio of 107 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio was 80

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 80.01. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years; there were about 80 dependents, that is, 75 young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) and five old dependents (aged 65 years and over). In 1995, dependency ratio was recorded at 81.52.

Females dominated higher levels of education

Nearly half (47.86 percent) of the total household population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education; about one-fourth (24.56 percent) in high school; eight percent were college undergraduates; and more than two percent each were academic degree holders and with post secondary education. There were more males than females among those who had attended or finished elementary, secondary and post secondary education. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished college, were academic degree holders and with post baccalaureate courses were dominated by females.

Most were Cuyunons/Cuyunans and Tagalogs

Most (42.96 percent) of the household population in Palawan classified themselves as Cuyunon/Cuyunan (22.42 percent) and Tagalog (20.54 percent). About 13 percent considered themselves as Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, 8.10 percent as Palawan/Pinalawon/ Palawanon and 6.84 percent as Cebuano. Other ethnic groups with relatively small percentages included Ilocano (3.31 percent), Bisaya/Binisaya (2.97 percent), Kagayanan (2.40 percent) and Tagbanwa (2.15 percent).

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over in Palawan, higher proportion of married persons (44.85 percent) was reported than that of the single persons (42.47 percent). The remaining 12.68 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Housing unit occupancy rate up by 4.31 percentage points

The total housing units in Palawan was 149,500, of which 149,465 were occupied. This rate of occupancy (99.98 percent) registered an increase of 4.31 percentage points from that of the 1990 figure. It recorded a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 5.03 persons per occupied housing unit.

Single houses were most preferred

Majority (95.83 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. Two out of three housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only. About half (49.59 percent) were built from 1996 to 2000.

Proportion of galvanized/iron/aluminum and concrete/brick/stone as materials for roof and outer walls increased

In 2000, the proportion of occupied housing units with roof made of galvanized/iron/aluminum accounted to 24.68 percent while 7.23 percent had concrete/brick/stone as the construction materials of the outer walls. These figures were up by 11.63 and 4.31 percentage points, respectively from that of the 1990 figures.

PALAWAN

Palawan is an archipelago within an archipelago. The province of Palawan is composed of 1,768 islands. The main island is a narrow strip, about 625 km. in length and 40 km. at its widest.

Palawan lies southwest of Luzon. The South China Sea lies northwest and the Sulu Sea on the southeast. The Balabac Strait separates it from Borneo, while Mindoro Island looms beyond the northeastern Mindoro Strait.

The island of Palawan was an early trade center. It was called Palau-ye, meaning the "Land of Beautiful Safe Harbor" by Chinese traders.

In 1818, the entire island of Palawan was placed under the province of Calamianes. By 1858, the province was divided into two provinces, namely, Castilla and Asturias. It was later then divided into three districts, Calamianes, Paragua and Balabac. In 1902, the Americans established civil rule in northern Palawan, calling it the province of Paragua. Finally, in 1903, pursuant to Philippine Commission Act No. 1363, the province was reorganized to include the southern portions and renamed Palawan.

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex: Palawan, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Palawan 755,412 100.00 390,603 364,809
     Aborlan 25,540 3.38 13,336 12,204
     Agutaya 10,422 1.38 5,298 5,124
     Araceli 10,894 1.44 5,714 5,180
     Balabac 25,257 3.34 12,998 12,259
     Bataraza 41,458 5.49 21,377 20,081
     Brooke's Point 48,928 6.48 25,146 23,782
     Busuanga 16,287 2.16 8,612 7,675
     Cagayancillo 6,348 0.84 3,329 3,019
     Coron 32,243 4.27 16,777 15,466
     Cuyo 18,257 2.42 9,172 9,085
     Dumaran 16,616 2.20 8,626 7,990
     El Nido (Bacuit) 27,029 3.58 14,201 12,828
     Linapacan 9,198 1.22 4,835 4,363
     Magsaysay 10,885 1.44 5,365 5,520
     Narra 56,845 7.53 29,550 27,295
     Puerto Princesa City 161,912 21.43 83,045 78,867
     Quezon 41,669 5.52 21,652 20,017
     Roxas 47,242 6.25 24,572 22,670
     San Vicente 21,654 2.87 11,252 10,402
     Taytay 53,657 7.10 28,002 25,655
     Kalayaan 223 0.03 172 51
     Culion 14,302 1.89 7,392 6,910
     Rizal (Marcos) 31,745 4.20 16,287 15,458
     Sofronio Española 26,801 3.55 13,893 12,908

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Palawan, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Palawan 755,412 390,603 364,809 107.07
     Under 1 22,383 11,456 10,927 104.84
     1 - 4 90,032 46,131 43,901 105.08
     5 - 9 108,637 55,425 53,212 104.16
     10 - 14 92,571 46,932 45,639 102.83
     15 - 19 79,525 40, 025 39,500 101.33
     20 - 24 65,193 33,468 31,725 105.49
     25 - 29 56,248 28,936 27,312 105.95
     30 - 34 50,693 26,507 24,186 109.60
     35 - 39 45,964 24,523 21,441 114.37
     40 - 44 38,378 20,480 17,898 114.43
     45 - 49 29,461 16,023 13,438 119.24
     50 - 54 23,263 12,755 10,508 121.38
     55 - 59 16,747 9,042 7,705 117.35
     60 - 64 14,167 7,555 6,612 114.26
     65 - 69 9,365 4,949 4,416 112.07
     70 - 74 6,137 3,145 2,992 105.11
     75 - 79 3,506 1,773 1,733 102.31
     80 & over 3,142 1,478 1,664 88.82

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Palawan, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Palawan 639,715 330,119 309,596
     No Grade Completed 62,187 31,265 30,992
     Pre-School 15,443 7,854 7,589
     Elementary 306,193 164,132 142,061
     High School 157,097 79,884 77,213
     Post Secondary 15,106 7,681 7,425
     College Undergraduate 51,206 24,424 26,782
     Academic Degree Holder 13,686 5,520 8,166
     Post Baccalaureate 1,243 420 823
     Not Stated 17,554 8,939 8,615

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Palawan, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Palawan 534,360 226,961 239,636 19,012 3,632 38,922 6,197
     Below 20 172,096 158,643 5,757 124 103 3,581 3,888
     20 - 24 65,193 37,037 19,887 159 284 6,972 854
     25 - 29 56,248 15,099 33,193 311 404 6,835 406
     30 - 34 50,693 6,793 37,447 575 408 5,216 254
     35 - 39 45,964 3,485 36,116 917 530 4,737 179
     40 - 44 38,378 2,114 30,939 1,272 470 3,449 134
     45 - 49 29,461 1,236 23,481 1,521 430 2,686 107
     50 - 54 23,263 882 17,961 2,043 340 1,953 84
     55 - 59 16,747 564 12,520 2,084 211 1,299 69
     60 - 64 14,167 441 9,779 2,646 215 1,019 67
     65 - 69 9,365 268 6,108 2,280 111 546 52
     70 - 74 6,137 158 3,496 2,048 58 332 45
     75 - 79 3,506 117 1,766 1,399 39 159 26
     80 & over 3,142 124 1,186 1,633 29 138 32

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Palawan, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Palawan 752,114 387,697 364,417
     Cuyunon/Cuyunan 168,635 85,455 83,180
     Tagalog 154,521 78,415 76,106
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 98,803 51,746 47,057
     Palawan/Pinalawan/Palawanon 60,912 30,870 30,042
     Cebuano 51,457 27,672 23,785
     Ilocano 24,902 13,308 11,594
     Bisaya/Binisaya 22,353 11,786 10,567
     Kagayanan 18,029 9,329 8,700
     Tagbanwa 16,157 8,368 7,789
     Others 130,627 67,813 62,814
     Not Reported 5,718 2,935 2,783

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Units by Type of Building: Palawan, 2000

Type of Building Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Palawan 149,465 150,995 752,114 1.01 5.03
     Single House 143,229 144,628 721,140 1.01 5.03
     Duplex 1,356 1,388 6,851 1.02 5.05
     Multi-Unit Residential 1,429 1,467 6,458 1.03 4.52
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 352 366 1,794 1.04 5.10
     Institutional Living Quarters 77 81 332 1.05 4.31
     Other Housing Unit 25 25 128 1.00 5.12
     Not Reported 2,997 3,040 15,411 1.01 5.14

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live i the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


 






Tags: