Pampanga: Population to Double in 23 Years (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-121

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 3, 2002

 


Population to double in 23 years

Pampanga registered a total population of 1,614,942 persons. This was up by 213,186 persons as compared to the figure recorded in the 1995 Census of Population.

The highest annual population growth rate recorded for Pampanga since 1903 was during the intercensal period 1960 to 1970 at an annual population growth rate of 3.54 percent, slightly higher than the annual population growth rate recorded during the 1995 to 2000 period (3.08 percent). If the current growth rate continues, the population of Pampanga was expected to reach three million in 23 years.

In 2000, the number of households was 307,639 with an average household size of 5.25 persons, higher than the national average of five persons.

Pampanga, the third biggest province in Central Luzon in terms of population

Pampanga ranked third in terms of population size among the six provinces (Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales) and two highly urbanized cities (Angeles City and Olongapo City) in Centaral Luzon, contributing 20.11 percent to the eight million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 2.11 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

San Fernando, the provincial capital, was the most populated

Of the 21 municipalities comprising Pampanga, San Fernando, the provincial capital, was the biggest in terms of population. This registered a population of 221,857 persons or 13.74 percent of the total provincial population. It was followed by Mabalacat (10.59 percent) and Lubao (7.78 percent). Sasmuan and Bacolor had the smallest population with 1.45 percent and 1.00 percent of the total provincial population, respectively.

Median age of 22 years

Pampanga had a median age of 22 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 22 years old. In 1995, the median age was 21 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 103

Males outnumbered their female counterparts with sex ratio of 102.57 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio down to 65

The percentage of the total population belonging to age group 0 to 14 years was 35.4 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 3.9 percent, while 60.7 percent were in the 15 to 64 years age group (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 64.69. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 65 dependents (58 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and seven persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, the dependency ratio was recorded at 67.

Close to one million persons in the voting ages

There were 945,646 persons or 58.56 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (18 years old and over). The number of males is almost equal to that of the females.

More than half of females were in child bearing age

Out of 797,221 females in the province, 415,218 or 52.08 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were those in the 15 to 19 years age group (19.42 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

About 41 percent of the household population aged five years old and over in Pampanga had attended or completed elementary education; 30.96 percent, high school; 14 percent, college; and only 0.18 percent with post baccalaureate courses. On the other hand, the proportion of children 5 to 6 years old who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 1.49 percent.

There were more males than females who were incoming grade 1, who had attended or finished high school and post secondary education. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished elementary, college undergraduates, had college degree and with post baccalaureate courses were dominated by females.

About nine Kapampangans in ten

Of the total household population, 88.3 percent in Pampanga classified themselves as Kapampangan. The rest were either Tagalog (7.6 percent), Ilocano (0.6 percent), Bisaya/Binisaya (0.5 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (2.22 percent).

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over in Pampanga, a higher proportion of married persons (49.69 percent) was reported as compared to single persons (42.54 percent). The remaining 7.77 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements, or with unknown marital status.

Among single persons there were more men (54.24 percent) as compared to women (45.76 percent) while more females (76.93 percent) than males (23.07 percent) among the widowed.

About 18 percent of the occupied housing units had floor area of 20 to 29 square meters

Out of 300,465 occupied housing units, 18.29 percent had floor area of 20 to 29 square meters, 16.94 percent had 10 to 19 square meters and 15.51 percent measured 30 to 49 square meters. The median floor area in 2000 was 33.5 square meters as compared to 29.70 square meters in 1990.

PAMPANGA

The name "Pampanga" came from the word "pangpang" which mean "riverbank". The province lies in the southern portion of the central plains of Luzon. It is bounded on the east and southeast by the province of Bulacan, on the north by the provinces of Tarlac and Nueva Ecija, on the west by the province of Zambales, and on the southwest by the province of Bataan.

The climate is very distinct with rainy season from May to October and dry season from November to April.

Pampanga is not only the home of well known Clark Air Base which later transformed into special economic zone, but most especially the hometown of the very destructive Mount Pinatubo.

Pampanga became the hub of a thriving industry centered on the making of colored lanterns alit with blinking patterns of light. During December 24, the provincial capital, San Fernando becomes the focal point of the Giant Lantern Festival.

The province also boast some of the most beautiful examples of colonial church architecture in the Philippines. The churches of Betis, Apalit, Bacolor, and Angeles stand out because of the designs and embellishments that were used in adorning the Christian houses of worship.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines
               (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex: Pampanga: 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Pampanga 1,614,942 100.00 817,721 797,221
     Apalit 78,295 4.85 39,690 38,605
     Arayat 101,792 6.30 51,345 50,447
     Bacolor 16,147 1.00 8,224 7,923
     Candaba 86,066 5.33 43,595 42,471
     Floridablanca 85,394 5.29 43,354 42,040
     Guagua 97,632 6.05 49,488 48,144
     Lubao 125,699 7.78 63,665 62,034
     Mabalacat 171,045 10.59 86,101 84,944
     Macabebe 65,346 4.05 32,929 32,417
     Magalang 77,530 4.80 39,794 37,736
     Masantol 48,120 2.98 24,690 23,430
     Mexico 109,481 6.78 55,344 54,137
     Minalin 35,150 2.18 17,668 17,482
     Porac 80,757 5.00 41,241 39,516
     San Fernando 221,857 13.74 111,798 110,059
     San Luis 41,554 2.57 21,090 20,464
     San Simon 41,253 2.55 20,898 20,355
     Sta. Ana 42,990 2.66 21,886 21,104
     Sta. Rita 32,780 2.03 16,645 16,135
     Sto. Tomas 32,695 2.02 16,417 16.278
     Sasmuan 23,359 1.45 11,859 11,500

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Pampanga, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Pampanga 1,614,942 817,721 797,221 102.57
     Under 1 40,818 20,966 19,852 105.61
     1 to 4 160,600 82,264 78,336 105.01
     5 to 9 191,847 98,395 93,452 105.29
     10 to 14 178,030 90,957 87,073 104.46
     15 to 19 164,133 83,512 80,621 103.59
     20 to 24 157,848 80,141 77,707 103.13
     25 to 29 137,282 70,493 66,789 105.55
     30 to 34 127,733 65,413 62,320 104.96
     35 to 39 105,317 54,158 51,159 105.86
     40 to 44 87,196 44,711 42,485 105.24
     45 to 49 69,297 35,160 34,137 103.00
     50 to 54 59,265 29,493 29,772 99.06
     55 to 59 38,843 19,160 19,683 97.34
     60 to 64 33,696 16,240 17,456 93.03
     65 to 69 24,623 11,311 13,312 84.97
     70 to 74 16,483 7,141 9,342 76.44
     75 to 79 10,974 4,367 6,607 66.10
     80 & Over 10,957 3,839 7,118 53.93

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Pampanga, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Pampanga 1,412,403 713,843 698,560
     No Grade Completed 52,053 26,536 25,517
     Pre-School 25,970 13,045 12,925
     Elementary 581,904 290,770 291,134
     High School 437,301 228,531 208,770
     Post Secondary 70,138 37,534 32,604
     College Undergraduate 142,177 70,586 71,591
     Academic Degree Holder 59,602 25,059 34,543
     Post Baccalaureate 2,553 1,028 1,525
     Not Stated 40,705 20,754 19,951

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Pampanga, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Pampanga 1,221,677 519,722 607,014 47,509 11,249 25,380 10,803
     Below 20 342,163 321,080 12,534 396 297 2,567 5,289
     20 - 24 157,848 99,271 51,748 314 801 3,798 1,916
     25 - 29 137,282 46,406 83,958 612 1,333 3,888 1,085
     30 - 34 127,733 22,405 97,973 1,038 1,719 3,877 721
     35 - 39 105,317 10,900 87,508 1,547 1,726 3,248 388
     40 - 44 87,196 5,911 74,459 2,324 1,625 2,591 286
     45 - 49 69,297 3,857 58,847 3,109 1,331 1,928 225
     50 - 54 59,265 2,987 49,127 4,534 1,029 1,394 194
     55 - 59 38,843 1,757 31,064 4,528 541 830 123
     60 - 64 33,696 1,570 25,177 5,861 393 555 140
     65 - 69 24,623 1,224 16,462 6,265 217 344 111
     70 - 74 16,483 884 9,546 5,660 119 185 89
     75 - 79 10,974 685 5,128 4,906 58 100 97
     80 & Over 10,957 785 3,483 6,415 60 75 139

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Pampanga, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Pampanga 1,613,791 817,064 796,727
     Kapampangan 1,424,554 723,996 700,558
     Tagalog 123,021 60,723 62,298
     Ilocano 9,996 4,941 5,055
     Bisaya/Binisaya 8,063 3,812 4,251
     Bikol/Bicol 6,685 3,263 3,422
     Others 28,354 13,606 14,748
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 280 180 100
     Not Reported 12,838 6,543 6,295

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Pampanga, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Pampanga 300,465 247,702 2,935 22,809 6,370 12,945 1,673 502 5,529
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 169,740 162,913 2,031 3,183 485 805 116 207 -
     Wood 33,962 25,983 193 1,309 4,706 1,572 132 67 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
65,319 45,279 562 17,206 710 1,311 125 126 -
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
1,575 1,066 22 401 33 46 7 - -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
19,071 9,118 - 476 368 8,886 188 35 -
     Asbestos 79 60 6 7 1 - - 5 -
     Glass 62 45 9 5 1 - - 2 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
2,342 953 - 45 16 227 1,075 26 -
     Others/Not Reported 7,932 1,991 85 164 33 84 16 30 5,529
     No Walls 383 294 27 13 17 14 14 4 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

>The population count of Pampanga excludes the count of Angeles City, being a highly urbanized city. A separate Press Release was prepared for each highly urbanized city. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.

 






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