About 16 per thousand of the country’s population had disability
Of the 92.1 million household population in the country, 1.44 million persons or 1.57 percent had disability, based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH). The recorded figure of persons with disability (PWD) in the 2000 CPH was 935,551 persons, which was 1.23 percent of the household population.
Among the 17 regions, Region IV-A had the highest number of PWD at 193 thousand. This was followed by the National Capital Region (NCR) with 167 thousand PWD. The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), on the other hand, had the lowest number of PWD at 26 thousand.
Ten regions had proportion of PWD higher than the national figure. These were Region VI (1.95 percent), Region IVB and Region V (both 1.85 percent each), Region VIII (1.75 percent), Region II (1.72 percent), Region I (1.64 percent), CAR (1.63 percent), Region XI and Region VII (both 1.60 percent each), and CARAGA (1.58 percent).
There were more males than females among persons with disability
Of the total PWD in 2010, males accounted for 50.9 percent while females comprised 49.1 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 104 males with disability for every 100 females with disability.
Males with disability outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 64 years. The largest excess in the number of males was in the age group 0 to 14 years with a sex ratio of 121 males per 100 females. On the other hand, there were more females with disability than males in the age group 65 years and over. This is because of the higher survival rate of women than men. In this age group, there were 70 males with disability per 100 females.
Disability was highest among persons aged 5 to 19 years
For every five PWD, one (18.9 percent) was aged 0 to 14 years, three (59.0 percent) were in the working age group (aged 15 to 64 years), and one (22.1 percent) was aged 65 years and over.
Persons with disability were more likely to be in the ages 5 to 19 years and 45 to 64 years. By five-year age group, among the household population with disability, children aged 10 to 14 years comprised the largest age group (7.2 percent). This was followed by those in the age groups 15 to 19 years (6.9 percent), 5 to 9 years (6.7 percent), and 50 to 54 years (6.6 percent).