Philippines: Additional Three Persons per Minute

Reference Number: 

2003-023

Release Date: 

Tuesday, February 18, 2003

 

Population growth rate at 2.34 percent

The total population of the Philippines as of May 1, 2000, was 76,504,077 persons, an increase of 7,887,541 persons (11.50 percent) over the 1995 figure of 68,616,536 persons and of 15,800,871 (26.03 percent) over the 1990 census count of 60,703,206.

The population of the Philippines grew at the rate of 2.34 percent annually in the 1990-2000 intercensal period while 2.36 percent annually from the 1995-2000 intercensal period. If the current annual population growth rate continues at 2.36 percent, the population, on the average, will increase by around 1.8 million persons a year, or roughly 4,947 persons per day, 206 persons per hour, or three persons per minute.

The number of households in the country rose to 15,278,808 households in 2000, an increase of 13.11 percent over the 1995 census figure of 13,508,055 households. The average household size in 2000 was five persons, a slight decrease from 1995 (5.07 persons). NCR recorded the lowest average household size of 4.63 persons. Other regions with less than 5 persons per household were Southern Mindanao (Region XI) with 4.86 persons; Southern Tagalog (Region IV) with 4.88 persons; and Central Luzon (Region III) with 4.91 persons. The highest average household size of 6.13 persons was recorded in ARMM.

 

 

Table A. Distribution of Households and Average Household Size by Region: 2000
 

Region

      Number of Households      

      Average Household Size      

  Philippines

15,278,808

5.00

     NCR

2,132,989

4.63

     CAR

263,851

5.16

         I - Ilocos

831,549

5.05

        II - Cagayan Valley

554,491

5.07

       III - Central Luzon

1,632,047

4.91

       IV - Southern Tagalog

2,413,043

4.88

        V - Bicol

893,833

5.24

       VI - Western Visayas

1,211,804

5.12

      VII - Central Visayas

1,133,767

5.02

     VIII - Eastern Visayas

715,070

5.04

       IX - Western Mindanao

595,831

5.18

        X - Northern Mindanao

542,071

5.06

       XI - Southern Mindanao  

1,066,199

4.86

      XII - Central Mindanao

501,870

5.16

     XIII - Caraga

393,362

5.32

     ARMM

393,269

6.13

 

Most Filipinos were Roman Catholics

Eight out of ten of the household population in the Philippines were Roman Catholics (81.04 percent). Islam (5.06 percent) and Evangelicals (2.82 percent) followed. The remaining 11.08 percent were either Aglipayan, Iglesia ni Cristo, and others.

Close to one million persons with disability

There were about 942,098 persons or 1.23 percent of the total population reported to have some types of disability.

Persons with low vision constituted the highest percentage (37.41 percent), followed by partial blindness (8.14 percent), mental illness (7.14 percent), mental retardation (7.02 percent) and quadriplegic (5.93 percent).

 

Nine out of ten were literate

Among household population 10 years and over, 92.28 percent were literate or able to read and write a simple message. Females� (92.47 percent) literacy rate was almost the same as that of the males� (92.10 percent).

Across regions, the NCR had the highest literacy rate at 98.14 percent. Other regions with higher literacy rate than the national level were Ilocos (Region I), 95.23 percent; Central Luzon (Region III), 94.80 percent; Southern Tagalog (Region IV), 94.01 percent; Bicol (Region V), 92.69 percent; and Western Visayas (Region VI), 93.02 percent.

 

Table B. Literacy Rate of Household Population 10 Years Old and Over by Region and Sex: 2000
 

              Region               

          Literacy Rate       

           Both Sexes            

            Male            

        Female        

  Philippines

92.28

92.10

92.47

     NCR

98.14

98.17

98.11

     CAR

90.51

90.90

90.11

         I - Ilocos

95.23

95.41

95.04

        II - Cagayan Valley

91.75

91.43

92.08

       III - Central Luzon

94.80

94.83

94.76

       IV - Southern Tagalog

94.01

93.95

94.07

        V - Bicol

92.69

92.38

93.01

       VI - Western Visayas

93.02

92.45

93.58

      VII - Central Visayas

91.65

91.47

91.83

     VIII - Eastern Visayas

89.92

88.79

91.08

       IX - Western Mindanao

85.25

85.30

85.21

        X - Northern Mindanao

91.40

90.73

92.09

       XI - Southern Mindanao  

90.15

89.79

90.52

      XII - Central Mindanao

87.03

87.05

87.01

     XIII - Caraga

91.99

91.40

92.61

     ARMM

68.73

69.75

67.74

 

 

On the average, ever-married women had three children

Of the total ever-married women (15-49 years), the average number of children ever-born was 2.82. In 1990, the average was 3.27 children. Moreover, about 19 percent had two children while 16.67 percent had three children and 16.44 percent with no child at all.

 

Nearly one million overseas workers

The number of overseas workers increased to 992,397 overseas workers in 2000 as compared to 782,297 overseas workers recorded in 1995. There was an almost 50-50 percent distribution by sex, with the males (50.27 percent) outpacing slightly the females with (49.73 percent). One in five of these overseas workers were in the age group 45 years and over. Male overseas workers had a median age of 35 years, higher than that of the female overseas workers (29 years). This meant that half of male overseas workers below 35 years while half of the female overseas workers were 29 years.

The proportion of overseas workers with academic degree holders was higher for males (14.11 percent) than for females (10.42 percent). On the contrary, for high school graduates/undergraduates, the proportion was higher for females (33.26 percent) than for males (25.26 percent).

Electricity was the main source of lighting

Electricity (68.21 percent) was the common type of fuel used for lighting by most households in the Philippines. This proportion was higher by 13.15 percentage points from the 1990 figure. About 27.19 percent used kerosene, lower by 15.45 percentage points ten years ago. About 1.23 percent utilized Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) for lighting.

 

More than three out of four households in four regions used electricity as the main source of lighting. These were, National Capital Region (NCR), 92.67 percent; Central Luzon (Region III), 87.38 percent; Ilocos (Region I), 79.30 percent; and Southern Tagalog (Region IV), 77.70 percent. On the other hand, majority of the households in two regions used kerosene (gaas) as their fuel for lighting. These were Western Mindanao (Region IX), 52 percent and Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), 60.12 percent.

Households get water in own used faucet from community water system

The main sources of water supply for drinking and/or cooking of households were own used faucet from community water system (27.34 percent), shared faucet from community water system (19.31 percent) and shared tubed/piped deepwell (15.75 percent).

The same is true for the main source of water supply for laundry and/or bathing, i.e., community water system (27.15 percent), shared faucet from community water system (16.58 percent) and shared tubed/piped deepwell (14.90 percent).

 

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) was the main source of fuel for cooking

Almost half (42.64 percent) of the households used liquefied petroleum gas as fuel for cooking. This was higher by 25.51 percentage points ten years ago. A large proportion still used wood (38.57 percent), although lower by 21.95 percentage points from the 1990 figure. Kerosene (gaas) on the other hand, was used by 9.68 percent of the total households.

 

Across regions, the use of LPG dominated in five regions. These were in NCR (71.80 percent), Region III (67.94 percent), Region IV (58.28 percent), CAR, and Region I (53.09 percent). Region II (Cagayan Valley) had 46.74 percent of households using LPG and 45.11 percent, wood. At least 50 percent of the households in the remaining regions used wood for cooking.

Two out of five households used water-sealed with sewer/septic tank as the toilet facility

The proportion of households with water sealed sewer/septic used exclusively by the households was 42 percent. Water-sealed with other depository used exclusively by households (16.52 percent) and closed pit (8.88 percent) followed. Households which did not have any toilet facility accounted for 8.70 percent.

Of the regions comprising the Philippines, at least one out of four of the households in each of the 14 regions had water sealed with sewer/septic tank used exclusively by the households. The remaining two regions used water sealed with other depository used exclusively by the households (Region II, 34.49 percent) and open pit toilet facility (ARMM, 34.03 percent).

Burning was the usual manner of garbage disposal

The most common manner of garbage disposal was burning (46.06 percent). Picked up by garbage truck (32.46 percent) and dumping in individual pit (10.35 percent) followed. The remaining 11.13 percent of households either buried their garbage, feed the garbage to animals, composted or other types of garbage disposal

 

 

In all regions except National Capital Region (NCR), burning was the usual manner of garbage disposal. In NCR, garbage was picked-up mostly by garbage truck (89.55 percent).

Seven out of ten households owned/amortized their housing units

Of the 15.3 million households, majority (71.12 percent) owned or amortized their housing units. Households which occupied their housing units for free with consent of owner constituted 13.40 percent, while 10.10 percent rented their housing units.

 

 

 

For additional information on the results
of the 2000 Census of Population and Housing,
write, call or visit:

NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE

P.O. Box 779, Manila, Philippines

Tel. Nos.: (02) 713-7081/715-6430 Fax: 714-1715

Email: info@mail.census.gov.ph

Databank and Information Services Division

2/F Soledad Bldg., R. Magsaysay Blvd.
Sta. Mesa, Manila

Press releases on the Philippines and its provinces
including highly urbanized cities can also be downloaded 
from the National Statistics Office website.

http://www.census.gov.ph

Philippines, provincial and highly urbanized cities
volumes in print and electronic copies (CD-ROM)
for public use files will also be made available.

 

 

 

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