Philippines: Population Expected to Reach 100 Million Filipinos in 14 Years

Reference Number: 

2002-178

Release Date: 

Wednesday, October 16, 2002

 

Population to double in 29 years

Based on the Census of Population and Housing conducted decennially by the National Statistics Office, the total population of the Philippines as of May 1, 2000 was 76,504,077 persons. This was higher by 7,887,541 persons or about 10.31 percent from the 1995 census (with September 1, 1995 as reference date). It was 10 times the Philippine population in 1903 when the first census was undertaken.

The expansion of the Philippine population reflected a 2.36 percent average annual growth rate in the 1995-2000 period. This figure recorded an slight increase from a declining growth rate which started in the first half of the seventies. The last increase recorded in population growth rates was during the intercensal period 1948 to 1960 at 3.07 percent. The recent growth rate was 0.04 percentage point higher than the annual growth during the early part of the nineties. If the average annual growth rate continues, the population of the Philippines is expected to double in 29 years.

 

Similarly, the number of households in the country edged up in 2000. This indicated an increase of 1,770,753 households over the 1995 census. The average household size in 2000 was five persons, a slight decrease from 1995 (5.07 persons).

Three most populous regions were in Luzon

More than half (55.97 percent) of the 76.5 million total population resided in Luzon, with seven regions. It was followed by Mindanao (23.70 percent) with six regions and the Visayas (20.30 percent) with only three regions.

 

Table A. Population Distribution by Region: 2000
 

Region

  Total Population  

          Percent          

  Philippines

76,504,077

100.00

     NCR

9,932,560

12.98

     CAR

1,365,412

1.78

         I - Ilocos

4,200,478

5.49

         II - Cagayan Valley

2,813,159

3.68

       III - Central Luzon

8,030,945

10.50

       IV - Southern Tagalog

11,793,655

15.42

        V - Bicol

4,686,669

6.13

       VI - Western Visayas

6,211,038

8.12

      VII - Central Visayas

5,706,953

7.46

     VIII - Eastern Visayas

3,610,355

4.72

       IX - Western Mindanao

3,091,208

4.04

        X - Northern Mindanao

2,747,585

3.59

       XI - Southern Mindanao  

5,189,335

6.78

      XII - Central Mindanao

2,598,210

3.40

     XIII - Caraga

2,095,367

2.74

     ARMM

2,412,159

3.15

 

 

Of the 16 regions comprising the Philippine archipelago, Southern Tagalog (Region 4) was the biggest in terms of population size. Southern Tagalog registered a total population of 11,793,655 persons accounting for 15.42 percent of the Philippine population. The National Capital Region (NCR) followed with 9,932,560 persons or 12.98 percent of the total population. Central Luzon (Region 3) registered the third largest population with 8,030,945 persons or 10.50 percent of the total population. These three regions combined comprised 38.90 percent of the total population.

ARMM had the highest growth rate at 3.86 percent

There were five regions in the country which registered a population growth rate higher than the national level of 2.36 percent. These regions were ARMM, 3.86 percent; Southern Tagalog (Region IV), 3.72 percent; Central Luzon (Region III), 3.20 percent; Central Visayas (Region VII), 2.80 percent; and Southern Mindanao (Region XI), 2.60 percent. On the other hand, NCR had the lowest growth rate with 1.06 percent

 

 

 

21 provinces in the country had more than one million population

Among the 78 provinces in the country, Pangasinan (2.43 million persons) of Region I (Ilocos), was the largest in terms of population size. Cebu (2.38 million persons), Bulacan (2.23 million persons), Negros Occidental (2.14 million persons) and Cavite (2.06 million persons) followed. These were the provinces which surpassed the two millionth population mark. Of the 21 provinces with more than one million population, 13 provinces were in Luzon, five in Visayas and three in Mindanao.

On the contrary, the four smallest provinces with less than a hundred thousand population were Batanes (16.5 thousand persons), Camiguin (74.2 thousand persons), Siquijor (81.6 thousand persons) and Apayao (97.1 thousand persons)

 

Table B. Provinces with More Than One Million Population: 2000
 

              Rank              

            Province            

          Population          

1

Pangasinan

2,434,086

2

Cebu*

2,377,588

3

Bulacan

2,234,088

4

Negros Occidental*

2,136,647

5

Cavite

2,063,161

6

Laguna

1,965,872

7

Batangas

1,905,348

8

Rizal

1,707,218

9

Nueva Ecija

1,659,883

10

Pampanga*

1,614,168

11

Leyte

1,592,336

12

Iloilo*

1,559,182

13

Camarines Sur

1,551,549

14

Quezon*

1,482,955

15

Zamboanga del Sur*

1,333,456

16

Isabela

1,287,575

17

Bohol

1,139,130

18

Negros Orriental

1,130,088

19

Albay

1,090,907

20

Tarlac

1,068,783

21

Bukidnon

1,060,265

 

 

Quezon City ranked first in terms of population among the Highly Urbanized Cities

Across cities, three out of 12 cities in NCR and one in Mindanao have surpassed one million population. Quezon City had the largest in terms of population size, contributing 2.17 million to the Philippine population. It was followed by Manila (1.58 million persons) and Caloocan City (1.18 million persons). These three highly urbanized cities were in NCR. Outside NCR, Davao City broke the millionth mark at 1.15 million persons.

Half of the population were below 21 years

The Philippine population had a median age of 21 years, same as the median age five years ago. This meant that half of the population were below 21 years old.

Sex ratio was 101.43

Of the total population in 2000, about 38.5 million or 50.36 percent were males while 38.0 million or 49.64 percent were females. Males outnumbered their female counterparts with sex ratio of 101.43 males for every 100 females. Sex ratio in 1995 was recorded at 101.4. There were more males than females in the age groups 0-19 and 25-54 years. On the other hand, females dominated in the rest of the age groups.

Dependency ratio down to 69.04

The age structure of Philippine population (Figure 3) was a typical broad base at the bottom consisting of large numbers of children and a narrow top made up of relatively small number of elderly. Young dependents belonging to age group 0 to 14 years comprised 37.01 percent. The old dependents (65 years and over) accounted for 3.83 percent, while 59.16 percent comprised the economically active population (15 to 64 years).

The 2000 dependency ratio was 69.04. This meant that for every 100 persons in the working age group (15-64 years), they had to support about 63 young dependents and about six old dependents. In 1995, the dependency ratio was at 69.60.

 

Females outnumbered males in voting population

The number of voters in the Philippines was posted at 43,331,229 persons or 56.64 percent of the total population. There was an almost 50-50 percent distribution by sex, with the females (50.11 percent) outpacing slightly the males with 49.89 percent.

More than half of the female population belonged to the reproductive age group

Out of the 38 million females in the Philippines, the total population of women in childbearing ages (15-49 years) was recorded at 19.4 million or 51.04 percent. The highest percentage of which, was in the 15 to 19 years age group (10.53 percent).

More single men than women

About 43.89 percent of the total population 10 years and over were single, while 45.66 percent were married. The remaining 10.45 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Among the single persons, the proportion was higher for males (52.94 percent) than for females (47.06 percent). In contrast, the proportion for widowed was higher for females (75.72 percent) than for males (24.28 percent).

 

Females dominated higher levels of education

Among household population aged five years and over, 41.89 percent had attended/finished elementary education. This proportion was lower as compared to that in 1995 (43.37 percent). The percentage who had attended/graduated high school posted an increase from 27.85 percent in 1995 to 28.35 percent in 2000.

Among academic degree holders, there were more females (57.89 percent) than males (42.11 percent). The same is true for post baccalaureate courses, the proportion was higher for females (58.27 percent) than for males (41.73 percent).

Over one-fourth were Tagalogs

The three prominent ethnic groups in the Philippine archipelago were Tagalog (28.15 percent), Cebuano (13.14 percent), and Ilocano (9.07 percent). The remaining 49.64 percent were either Bisaya/Binisaya (7.57 percent), Hiligaynon/Ilongo (7.56 percent), Bikol/Bicol (6.00 percent), Waray (3.36 percent), and the rest as other ethnic groups.

Nine out of ten were single houses

Most of the occupied housing units were single houses (87.73 percent). Multi-unit residential and Duplex comprised 6.92 percent and 3.54 percent, respectively. The remaining 1.81 percent were either commercial/industrial/agricultural, institutional living quarters or other type of housing units.

The proportion of occupied housing units which either needed minor repair or did not need any repair at all, was relatively high at 68.57 percent, while 19.09 percent were still housed in buildings needing major repair.

Of the almost 15 million occupied housing units, about one-third (30.27 percent) of the housing units were built from 1996 to 2000. Buildings built between 1991 to 1995 comprised 22.38 percent, while 21.20 percent for buildings built within 1981 to 1990.

Median floor area of housing units was 29.63 square meters

Of the total occupied housing units, 23.45 percent had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters; 18.78 percent with 20 to 29 square meters; 17.52 percent with less than 10 square meters, and 16.56 percent with 30 to 49 square meters. On the other hand, the proportion of housing units with floor area of 90 to 119 square meters was 3.21 percent.

Occupied housing units had a median floor area of 29.63 square meters. This meant that, half of the housing units had floor area of below 29.63 square meters.

Roof and outer walls were made of strong materials

As to the construction materials used, more than 30 percent of the housing units used concrete/brick/stone for the outer walls. This registered 14.49 percentage point increase from the 1990 figure. In addition, close to 68 percent had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, an increase of 17.29 percentage points as compared to the figure ten years ago.

Housing units using the combination of galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof and concrete/brick/ stone for the walls contributed 29.03 percent.

 

If you would like additional information on the results of
the 2000 Census of Population and Housing,
please do not hesitate to write, call or visit:

NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE

P.O. Box 779, Manila, Philippines

Tel. Nos.: (02) 713-7081/715-6430 Fax: 714-1715

Email: info@mail.census.gov.ph

Databank and Information Services Division

2/F Soledad Bldg., R. Magsaysay Blvd.
Sta. Mesa, Manila

You can also download the press release of the Philippines
and its provinces including highly urbanized cities from
the National Statistics Office website.

http://www.census.gov.ph

Philippines, provincial and highly urbanized cities
volumes in print and electronic copies (CD-ROM) for public use files
will also be made available.

 

Attachment: 

Tags: