Population of Cebu City Increased by Almost 150 Thousand (Results from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing)

Reference Number: 

2013-072

Release Date: 

Thursday, June 20, 2013

 

Population of Cebu City increased at the rate of 1.88 percent annually

Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Cebu City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu, posted a total population of 866,171 persons as of May 1, 2010.  This is larger by 147,350 persons compared to its total population of 718,821 persons counted in the 2000 CPH.  The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.88 percent.  This is higher than the 1.65 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.

If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.88 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Cebu City would double in 37 years.

In 1970, the population of Cebu City was only 347,116 persons.  This population size is two fifths of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.

 

 

Guadalupe was the most populous barangay

Among the 80 barangays comprising Cebu City, barangay Gaudalupe was the most populous with a population size making up 7.0 percent of the total population of the city.  This was followed by Tisa and Lahug (Pob.) with (4.1 percent each), Basak San Nicolas (4.0 percent), Mambaling and Labangon (3.7 percent each), Inayawan and Talamban (3.3 percent each), and Bulacao (3.1 percent). The rest of the barangays contributed less than 3.0 percent each.

The least populated barangay was Kalubihan (Pob.) with 0.1 percent share to the total population of the city. It was also the least populated barangay in 2000.

 

 

Sex ratio was 97 males per 100 females

Of the 860,942 household population in 2010, males accounted for 49.2 percent while females comprised 50.8 percent.  These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 97 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (96 males per 100 females).

 

Median age increased to 24.6 years

In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 24.6 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.6 years. This is higher than the median age of 22.8 years that was recorded in 2000.

Moreover, almost three in every 10 persons (29.4 percent) were under 15 years old.  Persons aged 20 to 24 years (10.9 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed closely by those in the age groups 15 to 19 years (10.7 percent) and 0 to 4 years (10.2 percent).  Males outnumbered females in the age group 0 to 14 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 years and over.

 

 

Nearly two thirds of the population were of voting age

The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 64.5 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 60.8 percent in 2000.  There were more females (51.8 percent) than males (48.2 percent) among the voting-age population.

 

Dependency ratio decreased to 50 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group

In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 29.4 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.9 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 66.8 percent.           

The overall dependency ratio was 50, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 50 dependents (44 young dependents and six old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 57 dependents per 100 working-age population (52 young dependents and five old dependents).

 

There were more males than females among the never-married persons

Of the household population 10 years old and over, 46.3 percent were never married while 40.7 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (7.6 percent), widowed (3.9 percent), and divorced/separated (1.4 percent).

Among the never-married persons, 50.4 percent were males while 49.6 percent were females.  For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.

 

More females had attained higher levels of education

Of the household population aged five years and over, 27.8 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 33.4 percent had reached or finished high school, 13.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 16.9 percent were academic degree holders.  Among those with an academic degree, the females (53.0 percent) outnumbered the males (47.0 percent).  Similarly, more females (55.0 percent) than males (45.0 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.

 

Persons with disability comprised 1.4 percent of the population in the city

In 2010, around 11,700 persons or 1.4 percent of the 860,942 household population had a disability.  The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 1.5 percent of the 714,509 household population of the city that year.  The number of PWD for the same year was around 10,600.

 

There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty

Of the 773,206 household population five years and over, 3.0 percent (or 23,534 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating.  There were more females (54.7 percent) than males (45.3 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.

Moreover, of the total 23,534 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 72.9 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses.  There were 21.4 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 15.9 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 12.2 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 10.6 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 10.4 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).

 

Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts

Of the 689,009 household population 10 years old and over in Cebu City, 1.7 percent (or 11,999 persons) were overseas workers.  Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 69.6 percent of all overseas workers from this city.  Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 26.9 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (18.8 percent), 25 to 29 years (16.9 percent), and 35 to 39 years (16.3 percent).

 

Average household size was 4.4 persons

The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 195,461, higher by 47,861 households compared with the 147,600 households posted in 2000.  The average household size in 2010 was 4.4 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.8 persons in 2000.

 

 

There were 104 households per 100 occupied housing units

A total of 188,098 occupied housing units were recorded in Cebu City in 2010.  This translates to a ratio of 104 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.6 persons per occupied housing unit.  In 2000, there were 104 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 5.0 persons per occupied housing unit.

 

Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased

In 2010, 34.6 percent of the occupied housing units in the city had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, up from 22.1 percent in 2000.  Similarly, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood increased from 30.1 percent in 2000 to 32.6 percent in 2010.  Most (92.3 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010, meanwhile, had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum.  This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 88.2 percent.

 

Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized           

In 2010, of the total 195,461 households, 46.5 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied.  The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 36.9 percent.

Moreover, 20.0 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 24.1 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 6.2 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.

 

 

(Sgd)   CARMELITA N. ERICTA
                      Administrator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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