Friday, June 21, 2013
Population increased at the rate of 2.36 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Davao City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Davao del Sur, posted a total population of 1,449,296 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 302,180 persons compared to its total population of 1,147,116 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.36 percent. This is lower than the 3.04 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.36 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Davao City would double in 30 years.
Fourty years ago, the population of Davao City was only 392,473 persons. This population size is less than one third of the population in the 2010 CPH.
Bucana was the most populous barangay
Among the 182 barangays of Davao City, Barangay Bucana was the most populous with a population size making up 5.4 percent of the total city population. Barangay Buhangin (Pob.) was second with 4.2 percent share, followed by barangays Talomo (Pob.) (4.0 percent), Sasa (3.9 percent), Ma-a (3.4 percent), Cabantian (3.0 percent), Tibungco (2.5 percent), Panacan (2.4 percent), Matina Crossing (2.4 percent), Catalunan Grande (2.1 percent), Matina Aplaya (2.0 percent), and Barangay 19-B (Pob.) (2.0 percent). The rest of the barangays contributed less than 2.0 percent each.
The least populated area was Barangay 13-B (Pob.) with 0.01 percent share to the total population of the city. It was also the least populated barangay in 2000.
Sex ratio was 100 males per 100 females
Of the 1,443,890 household population in 2010, the distribution of males and females were equal at 50.0 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 100 males for every 100 females, which is also the sex ratio recorded in 2000.
Median age increased to 24.0 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 24.0 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.0 years. This is higher than the median age of 22.0 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, approximately three in every ten persons (31.4 percent) were under 15 years old. Children aged 0 to 4 years (11.1 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 15 to 19 years (10.5 percent) and 5 to 9 years (10.3 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 30 to 44 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in 15 to 29 age groups and 45 years and over.
More than half of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 62.4 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 58.5 percent in 2000. There were more females (50.6 percent) than males (49.4 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 54 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 31.4 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.7 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 64.9 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 54, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 54 dependents (48 young dependents and six old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 61 dependents per 100 working-age population (56 young dependents and five old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 44.1 percent were never married while 43.2 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (7.3 percent), widowed (4.0 percent), and divorced/separated (1.4 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 52.3 percent were males while 47.7 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 28.5 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 35.5 percent had reached or finished high school, 12.5 percent were college under graduates, and 14.0 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (55.3 percent) outnumbered the males (44.7 percent). Similarly, more females (55.4 percent) than males (44.6 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.4 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 20,900 persons or 1.4 percent of the 1,443,890 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.1 percent of the 1,145,033 household population of the city during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 12,600.
More females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 1,283,078 household population five years and over, 3.4 percent (or 43,374 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (53.0 percent) than males (47.0 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 43,374 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 76.4 percent reported a difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 18.3 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 14.9 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 11.4 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 9.5 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 8.3 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 1,133,674 household population 10 years old and over in Davao City, 1.7 percent (or 19,448 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 53.7 percent of all the overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 21.7 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (19.0 percent), 35 to 39 years (18.2 percent), and 25 to 29 years (17.2 percent).
Average household size was 4.3 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 334,473, higher by 94,416 households compared with the 240,057 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.8 persons in 2000.
There were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 326,577 occupied housing units were recorded in Davao City in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 102 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.4 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 103 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, 39.8 percent of the occupied housing units in the city had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, up from 28.8 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of wood dropped from 40.3 percent in 2000 to 28.0 percent in 2010. Those with walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood increased from 14.2 percent in 2000 to 15.9 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 93.0 percent of the occupied housing units had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 86.4 percent.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 334,473 households, 60.6 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 53.2 percent.
Moreover, 16.8 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 16.7 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 4.1 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA