Population of General Santos City increased at the rate of 2.71 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), General Santos City, a highly urbanized city in the province of South Cotabato, posted a total population of 538,086 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 126,264 persons compared to its total population of 411,822 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.71 percent. This is lower than the 5.10 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.71 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of General Santos City would double in 26 years.
In 1970, the population of General Santos City was only 85,861 persons. This population size is about 15.0 percent of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.
Calumpang was the most populous barangay
Among the 26 barangays comprising General Santos City, barangay Calumpang was the most populous. Its population size was 12.5 percent of the total population of the city. Fatima came in second in terms of population size, with 12.1 percent share. This was followed by Labangal with 10.7 percent, Lagao (1st & 3rd) with 8.8 percent, and Apopong with 8.4 percent. The rest of the barangays contributed less than 8.0 percent each.
The least populated barangay was Upper Labay with 0.5 percent share to the total population of the city. In 2000, Olympog was the least populated barangay in General Santos City.
Sex ratio was 102 males per 100 females
Of the 536,566 household population in 2010, males accounted for 50.5 percent while females comprised 49.5 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 102 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (101 males per 100 females).
Median age increased to 23.0 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 23.0 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 23.0 years. This is higher than the median age of 20.9 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, one third (33.0 percent) of the household population were under 15 years old. Children aged 0 to 4 years (11.8 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed closely by those in the age groups 5 to 9 years (10.9 percent) and 15 to 19 years (10.7 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 25 to 59 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 24 years and 60 years and over.
Three fifths of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 60.7 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 56.2 percent in 2000. There were more males (50.2 percent) than females (49.8 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 56 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 33.0 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 2.8 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 64.2 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 56, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 56 dependents (52 young dependents and four old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 66 dependents per 100 working-age population (62 young dependents and four old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 45.2 percent were never married while 42.9 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (7.3 percent), widowed (3.4 percent), and divorced/separated (1.2 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 53.2 percent were males while 46.8 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 30.3 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 36.4 percent had reached or finished high school, 10.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 11.1 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (54.9 percent) outnumbered the males (45.1 percent). Similarly, more females (56.7 percent) than males (43.3 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.6 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 8,800 persons or 1.6 percent of the 536,566 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 0.8 percent of the 410,848 household population of the city that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 3,300.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 473,511 household population five years and over, 2.2 percent (or 10,628 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (50.8 percent) than males (49.2 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 10,628 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 69.0 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 21.6 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 17.2 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 14.0 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 12.6 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 10.3 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 415,137 household population 10 years old and over in General Santos City, 1.5 percent (or 6,205 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 56.1 percent of all overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 30 to 34 years made up the largest age group, comprising 19.5 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 45 years and over (18.7 percent), 25 to 29 years (17.6 percent), and 35 to 39 years (17.0 percent).
Average household size was 4.3 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 125,368, higher by 38,773 households compared with the 86,595 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.7 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 123,722 occupied housing units were recorded in General Santos City in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.3 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 4.8 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, 42.5 percent of the occupied housing units in the city had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, up from 32.3 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa decreased from 36.5 percent in 2000 to 25.3 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood, on the other hand, increased from 15.2 percent in 2000 to 17.5 percent in 2010. Majority (82.2 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010, meanwhile, had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 66.0 percent. The proportion of occupied housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw decreased from 25.7 percent in 2000 to 12.7 percent in 2010.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 125,368 households, 55.4 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 49.0 percent.
Moreover, 21.3 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 17.1 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 4.6 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA