Population Growth Rate at 3.56 Percent in Zamboanga City

Reference Number: 

2002-134

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 10, 2002

 

Population growth rate at 3.56 percent

The total population of Zamboanga City, as of May 1, 2000 was 601,794 persons. This implied an increase of 90,655 persons over the 1995 census figure with an average annual growth rate of 3.56 percent. This was 0.52 percentage point higher than the average growth rate recorded in 1995 (2.74 percent). A corresponding increase on the number of households was also registered, from 81,321 households in 1995 to 177,152 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.12 persons, higher than the national average of five persons.

Tetuan, the largest barangay in terms of population

Among the 99 barangays in Zamboanga City, Tetuan was the largest in terms of population size with 28,731 persons or 4.77 percent of the total population of the city. This was followed by Tumaga (3.57 percent), Talon-Talon (3.44 percent), Baliwasan (3.28 percent), Santa Maria (3.25 percent) and Calarian (3.16 percent). All other barangays had less than three percent each. Pangapuyan, the least populated barangay accounted for only 0.01 percent of the total population of the city.

One in five persons in Western Mindanao resided in Zamboanga City

Zamboanga City shared 19.47 percent to the 3.1 million persons in the region. At the national level, the city contributed 0.8 percent to the total population of 76.5 million persons as recorded in Census 2000.

Median age of 20 years

Zamboanga City had a median age of 20 years, the same in 1995. This meant that about half of the total population of the province were below 20 years old.

Almost equal number of men and women

For all ages, the sex ratio in Zamboanga City was about 100.8 with 302,089 males and 299,705 females. In 1995, the sex ratio was recorded at 100.7.

Almost equal number of men and women

For all ages, the sex ratio in Zamboanga City was about 100.8 with 302,089 males and 299,705 females. In 1995, the sex ratio was recorded at 100.7.

Two dependents for every three economically active persons

About 60 percent were economically active (aged 15 to 64 years); 37.2 percent, young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years); and less than three percent, old dependents (aged 65 years and over). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 67. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years there were about 62 young dependents and five old dependents. In 1995, the dependency ratio was 67.6.

Slightly more females in the voting population than males

There were 337,642 persons or 56.1 percent of the total population belonging to 18 years old and over (voting population). Among them, the proportion of males (49.8 percent) was slightly lower than females (50.2 percent).

More than half of females in the childbearing age group

Out of 288,705 females, 158,904 or 53.20 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years).

Nearly seven thousand were incoming Grade I pupils

Potential grade 1 pupils those five or six years old and had completed pre-school education. For school year 2000-2001, they comprised 6,823 children or 1.3 percent of the total household population five years and over in Zamboanga City .

Females dominated higher level of education

About 40.70 percent of population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education; 23.60 percent, high school; 2.58 percent, post secondary education and about 20 percent with higher education. Except preschool and elementary education wherein there were more males (50.57 percent and 51.58 percent, respectively). Females dominated the higher levels.

Zamboangeno-Chavacano was the predominant ethnic group

Zamboangeno-Chavacano was the predominant ethnic group in Zamboanga City. Of the total household population, 45.5 percent classified themselves as Zamboangeno-Chavacanos. It was followed by Tausug (16.4 percent) and Bisaya/Binisaya (12.3 percent). The remaining 25.8 percent were either Cebuano, Sama(Samal) Abaknon, Yakan, Tagalog, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo or were from other ethnic groups.

About 47 percent were married

Married persons accounted for 46.29 percent of the total persons 10 years old and over, lower by 2.78 percentage points than the 1995 figure (49.07 percent). Single persons comprised 42.70 percent in 2000, from 45.58 percent in 1995. The proportion of widowed person was 3.79 percent and those in other marital arrangements constituted 4.07 percent.

One in two housing units had floor area of less than 20 square meters

One in two occupied housing units had floor area of less than 20 square meters (47.5 percent). Those with 30 to 49 square meter floor area comprised 28.5 percent while about a quarter had 50 square meters and over.

Single houses were most preferred

A large proportion (90.24 percent) of the occupied housing units in Zamboanga City in 2000 were single houses. About two-thirds (68.5 percent) of the occupied housing needed minor repair only or no repair at all while 18.6 percent needed major repair. A little more than one-third (34.5 percent) of the occupied housing units were built from 1996 to 2000.

Three out of five housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum

Out of the 114,782 occupied housing units in Zamboanga City, the proportion with roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum was 60.52 percent, an improvement of 20.74 percentage points from the 1990 figure (39.78 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of walls made of concrete/brick/stone was 16.9 percent in 2000, 6.3 percentage points higher than the proportion recorded in 1990.

As to the combination of construction materials used for roof and outer walls, 29.0 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and wood, an improvement of 6.6 percentage points over the 1990 figure (22.4 percent).

 

Zamboanga City

 

Zamboanga City is situated at the southern part of Zamboanga Peninsula. It is the only highly urbanized city in Western Mindanao. It is known as the city of flowers.

As early as the 13th and 14th centuries, Zamboanga City was the center of barter trades among the Chinese, Malays and the local settlers. It was the capital of Mindanao during Spanish and American regime.

It became a city on October 12, 1936 under Commonwealth Act No. 39.

Most of the inhabitants of the city are migrants from the Visayas. The muslims in Zamboanga City belong to the Subanon, Tausug, Yakan, Samal, and Badjao.

Source: Fast Facts of Philippine Province
By Conrado M. Lancion, Jr.
Tahanan Books, Manila

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population of Top Ten Barangays and Sex: Zamboanga City

Municipalities

Both Sexes

Percent

Zamboanga City

601,794

100.00

     Tetuan

28,731

4.77

     Tumaga

21,487

3.57

     Talon-Talon

20,712

3.44

     Baliwasan

19,763

3.28

     Santa Maria

19,543

3.25

     Calarian

19,027

3.16

     Pasonanca

18,011

2.99

     Tugbunagan

16,594

2.76

     Recodo

16,591

2.76

     San Jose Gusu

15,732

2.61

     Others

405,603

67.40

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Zamboanga City, 2000

All Ages

Total Population

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

Zamboanga City

601794

302,089

299,705

100.80

     Under 1

13,885

7,164

6,721

100.59

     1 to 4

62,253

31,864

30,389

104.85

     5 to 9

77,275

39,514

37,761

104.64

     10 to 14

70,477

35,220

35,257

99.89

     15 to 19

65,475

31,721

33,757

93.97

     20 to 24

58,834

28,562

30,272

94.35

     25 to 29

48,871

23,948

24,923

96.09

     30 to 34

43,982

21,983

21,999

99.93

     35 to 39

39,680

20,213

19,467

100.38

     40 to 44

32,809

16,850

15,959

100.56

     45 to 49

26,885

14,358

12,527

114.62

     50 to 54

20,145

10,644

9,501

112.03

     55 to 59

13,152

6,786

5,356

106.60

     60 to 64

10,640

5,284

5,356

98.66

     65 to 69

7,013

3,378

3,635

92.93

     70 to 74

5,108

2,344

2,764

84.80

     75 to 79

2,717

1,211

1,506

80.41

     80 & Over

2,590

1,045

1,545

67.64

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:
Zamboanga City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment

Household Population
5 Years Old & Over

Male

Female

Zamboanga City

523,703

261,505

262,198

     No Grade Completed

42,857

20,556

22,301

     Pre-School

8,817

4,459

4,350

     Elementary

213,172

109,958

103,214

     High School

123,610

60,506

63,104

     Post Secondary

13,532

6,640

6,892

     College Undergraduate

82,649

40,879

41,770

     Academic Degree Holder

18,823

8,582

10,241

     Post Baccalaureate

1,458

635

823

     Not Stated

18,785

9,290

9,495

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Zamboanga City, 2000

Ethnicity

Both Sexes

Male

Female

Zamboanga City

599,792

300,501

299,291

     Zamboangeno-Chavacano

272,986

137,386

135,600

     Tausug

98,334

48,501

49,833

     Bisaya/Binisaya

73,446

36,343

37,103

     Cebuano

42,482

21,525

20,957

     Sama (Samal) Abaknon

36,211

17,953

18,258

     Yakan

16,090

8,156

7,934

     Tagalog

15,619

7,759

7,860

     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo

12,574

6,606

5,968

     Others

27,345

13,976

13,369

     Not Reported

4,705

2,296

2,409

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Zamboanga City, 2000

Age Group

Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over

Single

Married

Widowed

Divorced/
Separated

Others

Unknown

Zamboanga City

448,381

191,464

207,541

16,990

4,362

18,254

9,770

     Below 20

135,955

123,236

5,022

156

136

1,841

5,564

     20 - 24

58,834

36,209

16,607

182

337

3,818

1,681

     25 - 29

48,871

15,664

28,264

325

476

3,312

830

     30 -34

43,982

6,774

32,996

529

619

2,632

432

     35 - 39

39,680

3,524

32,332

815

634

2,070

305

     40 - 44

32,809

1,955

27,276

1,241

549

1,566

222

     45 - 49

26,885

1,348

22,239

1,494

528

1,132

144

     50 - 54

20,145

978

15,971

1,868

435

769

124

     55 - 59

13,152

579

9,999

1,788

261

444

81

     60 - 64

10,640

403

7,408

2,249

170

299

111

     65 - 69

7,013

277

4,496

1,869

97

194

80

     70 - 74

5,108

255

2,789

1,829

59

101

75

     75 - 79

2,717

125

1,250

1,222

32

48

40

     80 & Over

2,590

137

892

1,423

29

28

81

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Zamboanga City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS

Total
Occupied
Housing
Units

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF

Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum

Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile

Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete

Wood

Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw

Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials

Asbestos/
Others

Not Reported

Zamboanga City

114,782

69,464

781

3,014

5,557

32,652

635

225

2,454

     Concrete/Brick/
     Stone

19,388

18,460

436

200

97

165

16

14

-

     Wood

49,618

33,299

105

616

4,179

10,973

219

167

-

     Half Concrete/Brick/
      Stone and Half
      Wood

13,886

11,194

86

1,895

268

425

4

14

-

     Galvanized
      Iron/Aluminum

384

221

9

57

42

52

3

-

-

     Bamboo/Sawali/
     Cogon/Nipa

26,980

5,301

-

195

883

20,438

144

12

7

     Asbestos

72

58

8

2

1

-

-

3

-

     Glass

15

11

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

     Makeshift/Salvaged/
     Improvised
      Materials

709

162

1

3

10

288

241

4

1

     Others/
     Not Reported

3,654

702

70

46

71

302

7

9

2,447

     No Walls

76

56

4

-

4

9

1

-

-

 Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age -the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population.

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000), was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being highly urbanized city, the population of Zamboanga City was excluded in the population of Zamboanga del Sur. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer, and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.

 

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Page last revised: September 10, 2002

 

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