The registration of Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBAs) is closely monitored as an indicator of harmonious labor-management relations and industrial peace in the country. A collective bargaining is a process where both parties, labor and management, agree to fix and administer terms and conditions of employment which must not be below the minimum standards fixed by law, and sets a mechanism for resolving the parties’ grievances.
Specifically, a CBA is a contract executed upon incorporating the agreements reached after negotiations with the employer and the exclusive bargaining representative of the employees with respect to wages, hours or work and all other terms and conditions of employment. As such, a CBA includes economic provisions and non-economic provisions. Economic provisions include monetary value of wage increases, loan benefits, bonuses, allowances, retirement plans, and other fringe benefits. On the other hand, non-economic clauses include union security clauses, grievance procedures, labor-management cooperation schemes, and other provisions without monetary value.
This three-part series of LABSTAT Updates presents data on CBAs gathered and tabulated from the documents filed at the Bureau of Labor Relations (BLR) of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). Specifically, this first issue highlights the profile of CBAs registered in 2015.
- For 2015, a total of 298 Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBAs) were registered by the different labor organizations in the country. Seven out of every 10 registered CBAs were renewals (214 or 71.8%) while first-time CBAs accounted for less than 20 percent (56 or 18.8%). Renegotiated CBAs posted the least share at 9.4 percent (28 CBAs). (Figure 1)