The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) spearheads the conduct of the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) nationwide. The survey, which is undertaken every three (3) years, is aimed at providing data on family income and expenditure, including, among others, levels of consumption by item of expenditure, sources of income in cash, and related information affecting income and expenditure levels and patterns in the Philippines.
The 2015 FIES is a sample survey which used the 2003 Master Sample for household-based surveys and designed to provide income and expenditure data that are representative of the country and its regions.
The FIES also adopted the 2009 Philippine Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (PCOICOP), which is the first standard classification of individual consumption expenditure in the country. In addition, the PCOICOP was based on the 1999 Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP) issued by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD).
According to FIES results in 2012 and as shown in Table 1, Filipino families had an average annual income of Php 235,000 and an average annual expenditure of Php 193,000, giving them savings amounting to Php 42,000. Moreover, Region VI posted the highest growth on average annual income at 27.04% and savings at 143.75% while Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) had the highest annual average expenditure growth at 16.33%. On the other hand, only Region 2 exhibited a decrease in annual average expenditure.
At the national level, the disparity among incomes of Filipino Families decreased from 2009 to 2012 by 0.78%. Among the regions, income inequality was highest in Region X (Northern Mindanao) with a Gini coefficient recorded at 0.4844 and lowest in ARMM at 0.2882. Meanwhile, Region II (Cagayan Valley) displayed the highest decline in income inequality and Region VI (Western Visayas) had the highest growth in Gini coefficient valued at 10.18% and 10.33%, respectively.
Note: Values may not add up to totals due to rounding.
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, 2009 and 2012 Family Income and Expenditure Survey Results
The total cost of the survey is estimated at Php 283.8 million or Php 6,305.73 per household, covering expenses for wages of enumerators, travel, supplies, printing, communications, and training. The 2015 FIES was undertaken in July 2015, whereas the second visit will be conducted in January 2016, covering 45,000 households. Preliminary results are targeted to be released by November 2016.
The data collected from FIES will be utilized primarily to generate estimates on poverty incidence and threshold, and magnitude of poor families in the Philippines.
On 16 April 2015, the PSA, through its Statistical Survey Review and Clearance System (SSRCS), issued the clearance for 2015 FIES. SSRCS is a mechanism executed by PSA based on Rule 28 of the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10625 (Philippine Statistics Authority Act of 2013), to 1) ensure sound design for data collection; 2) to minimize the burden placed upon the respondents; 3) to effect economy in statistical data collection; 4) to eliminate necessary duplication of statistical data collection; and 5) to achieve better coordination of government statistical activities.
In view of this, the public is encouraged to participate in the nationwide undertaking of the 2015 FIES.
LISA GRACE S. BERSALES, Ph.D.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General
Contact Persons: Ms. Maria Fe M. Talento, Ms. Gretchen M. Sacang, Ms. Gean Obvidenci B. CeÃƒƒÃ‚±idoza and Mr. Elijah Joy S. Alonzo
Telephone Nos.: (632) 376-1928
E-mail: F.Talento@psa.gov.ph, G.Sacang@psa.gov.ph, and G.Cenidoza@psa.gov.ph.
 Based on the 2009 FIES results, the Gini coefficient in the Philippines was estimated at 0.4641. Meanwhile, the country’s Gini coefficient in 2012 was posted at 0.4605. The Gini coefficient is a measure of income inequality within a population. It ranges from 0 to 1, with 0 indicating perfect income equality among families, and 1 indicating absolute income inequality