A Quarter of a Million Persons in Baguio City (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-046

Release Date: 

Thursday, April 25, 2002

 

Population growth rate decreased to 2.31 percent

The City of Baguio registered a total population of 252,386 persons in the year 2000 up from 226,883 in 1995, giving the city an average annual growth rate of 2.31 percent, a decrease of 1.79 percentage points from the 1990 to 1995 period

The number of households rose to 52,302, higher by 4,231 households compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 4.8 persons, a slight increase from 1995 (4.6) and lower than the national average of five persons.

Baguio City ranked second in CAR

Baguio City ranked second in terms of population size compared to the six provinces (Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province), in CAR. This city contributed 18.5 percent to the 1.4 million population of the region.

At the national level, Baguio City shared 0.33 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Barangay Irisan was the largest in terms of population size

Baguio City had a total of 129 barangays in 2000.

Barangay Irisan registered the largest population with 17,677 persons. It accounted for seven percent of the population of the entire city. Asin Road and Fairview Village followed with 2.85 and 2.80 percent, respectively. Magsaysay Upper registered the lowest population with 87 persons, or 0.03 percent of the population of the city.

Baguio City had a median age of 22 years

Baguio City had a median age of 22 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 22 years old. The median age in 1995 was 21 years.

Female population outnumbered their male counterparts with a sex ratio of 97 males for every 100 females.

Overall dependency ratio was 57% in 2000

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 57%. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 57 dependents (53 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 4 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was higher than the 54.75 ratio reported in 1995.

More females than males in all levels of education

Of the total population 5 years old and over almost one out of three persons (28.4 percent) reached or completed high school education.

Twenty three percent had either attended or finished elementary education.

The proportion of persons who were academic degree holders was 13 percent while 19.7 percent had attended college.

There were more females (51.41 percent) than males (48.59 percent) in the city in all levels of education, except in post secondary level.

Almost half were Ilocanos

Almost half (44.5 percent) of the household population in Baguio City classified themselves as Ilocano. About 20.4 percent considered themselves as Tagalog, and 11 percent as Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey. Other ethnic groups included Pangasinan/Pangalatok (4.8 percent), and Ibaloi (3.9 percent).

More widowed females than males

Almost one out of two persons 10 years old and over (47.8 percent) were single, while 44.9 percent were married. The remaining seven percent were either widowed, divorced/ separated, others or with unknown marital status.

Single persons were slightly higher among females (50.8 percent) than among males (49.2 percent).

The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (79.2 percent) compared to males (20.8 percent).

Housing occupancy rate was 95 percent

There were 53,870 housing units in Baguio City, of which 51,158 were occupied, or 95 percent occupancy rate.

This registered an increase of 52.7 percentage points from 1990 and a ratio of 1.02 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 4.88 persons per occupied housing unit.

Single houses were most preferred

Majority (65.8 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses.

Three out of five occupied housing units needed no repair or with minor repair only.

One-eight of the total occupied housing units were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

One-fourth of the total occupied housing units were multi-unit residential (3 or more).

Almost all of the housing units were made of concrete materials

As to the construction materials used for housing units, almost all (94 percent) of the occupied housing units had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum.

Forty one percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick /stone.

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

BAGUIO CITY

Baguio City is situated amidst the mountainous region of Cordillera, 1,500 meters above the sea and 250 kilometers north of Manila. Baguio City, the "summer capital" of the country, is one of the places in the Philippines blessed with a cool climate that attracts Manila's wealthy when the lowlands are sweltering. It is gifted with a variety of cultural, historical and scenic attractions which make it an important and interesting destination.

Baguio was modeled on Washington D.C. and originally constructed by US military forces as a mountain retreat in the early 1900s.

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Barangays in Baguio City: 2000

Barangay Total Population Percent
Baguio City 252,386 100.00
     Irisan 17,677 7.00
     Asin Road 7,189 2.85
     Fairview Village 7,063 2.80
     Gibraltar 5,980 2.37
     Camp 7 5,410 2.14
     Loakan Proper 5,376 2.13
     Pinget 5,071 2.01
     Bakakeng North 4,940 1.96
     San Luis Village 4,713 1.87
     Bakakeng Central 4,446 1.76

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Baguio City, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Baguio City 252,386 124,208 128,178 96.9
     Under 1 6,606 3,425 3,181 107.7
     1 to 4 22,752 12,188 10,564 115.4
     5 to 9 27,249 13,891 13,358 104.0
     10 to 14 27,353 13,712 13,641 100.5
     15 to 19 30,760 14,173 16,587 85.4
     20 to 24 28,625 13,517 15,108 89.5
     25 to 29 21,214 10,188 11,026 92.4
     30 to 34 19,854 9,714 10,140 95.8
     35 to 39 17,593 8,758 8,835 99.1
     40 to 44 14,476 7,197 7,279 98.9
     45 to 49 11,090 5,526 5,564 99.3
     50 to 54 8,087 4,144 3,943 105.1
     55 to 59 5,185 2,522 2,663 94.7
     60 to 64 4,441 2,105 2,336 90.1
     65 to 69 2,918 1,364 1,554 87.8
     70 to 74 1,830 855 975 87.7
     75 to 79 1,125 446 679 65.7
     80 & Over 1228 483 745 64.8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:
Baguio City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Baguio City 220,231 107,018 113,213
    No Grade Completed 5,875 2,703 3,172
    Pre-School 6,026 2,998 3,028
    Elementary 50,516 25,156 25,360
    High School 62,488 31,212 31,276
    Post Secondary 16,993 8,509 8,484
    College Undergraduate 43,392 20,860 22,532
    Academic Degree Holder 28,596 12,509 16,087
    Post Baccalaureate 2,229 1,040 1,189
    Not Stated 4,116 2,031 2,085

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Baguio City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Baguio City 193,005 92,256 86,619 6,619 1,947 4,186 1,378
    Below 20 57,085 54,888 1,127 21 25 369 655
    20 - 24 27,573 19,718 6,562 29 83 946 235
    25 - 29 21,007 7,813 12,124 72 145 735 118
    30 - 34 19,694 3,935 14,657 147 243 600 112
    35 - 39 17,492 2,337 13,955 250 343 534 73
    40 - 44 14,422 1,281 11,875 475 344 394 53
    45 - 49 11,054 820 9,112 569 269 244 40
    50 - 54 8,056 536 6,446 700 211 134 29
    55 - 59 5,164 325 3,923 706 121 80 9
    60 - 64 4,417 239 3,079 923 79 77 20
    65 - 69 2,903 142 1,835 832 46 37 11
    70 - 74 1,816 101 1,022 651 15 17 10
    75 - 79 1,105 60 487 534 9 11 4
    80 & Over 1,217 61 415 710 14 8 9

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Baguio City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Baguio City 249,539 122,610 126,929
    Ilocano 111,132 55,016 56,116
    Tagalog 51,014 24,661 26,353
    Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 28,963 14,177 14,786
    Pangasinan/Panggalatok 12,051 5,932 6,119
    Ibaloi 9,738 4,723 5,015
    Others 34,599 17,023 17,581
    Other Foreign Ethnicity 1,251 693 558
    Not Reported 791 385 406

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and
Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Baguio City, 2000

Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Unit
Household Household
Population
Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Baguio City 51,158 52,302 249,539 1.02 4.88
    Single House 33,638 34,203 166,687 1.02 4.96
    Duplex 3,100 3,155 15,142 1.02 4.88
    Multi-Unit Residential 13,691 14,174 64,142 1.04 4.68
    Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 382 421 1,745 1.10 4.57
    Institutional Living Quarters 70 72 308 1.00 4.40
    Other Housing Units 20 20 82 1.00 4.10
    Not Reported 257 257 1,433 1.00 5.58

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


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