Quezon City: The Philippines' Largest City

Reference Number: 

2002-017

Release Date: 

Tuesday, October 8, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 1.92 percent

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) results showed that Quezon City registered a total population of 2,173,831 persons, higher by 184,412 persons over the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN) results. This figure recorded a 1.92 annual population growth rate, lower by 1.42 percentage points than the annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 480,624 households, higher by 64,836 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 4.5 persons, slightly lower than the average household size (4.8 persons) recorded five years ago and the national average of five persons.

Quezon City, largest city in the country in terms of population size

Quezon City had the largest population among the cities/municipalities in the country. This city contributed 21.9 percent to the 9.9 million population of the National Capital Region. At the national level, the city shared 2.8 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

One of every two residents resided in Second District

Quezon City is composed of four political districts. Figure 1 shows that more than half (54 percent) of the population resided in the Second District. The First and Fourth District both constituted 17 percent each while the Third District was the least populous (12 percent).

Barangay Commonwealth, under Second District, was the biggest barangay in terms of population size, accounting for 5.6 percent of the total population of the city. The least populous was Mangga, under Third District, with only 494 persons (0.02 percent).

 

Quezon City had a median age of 24 years

Quezon City had a median age of 24 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 24 years old. In 1995, the median age was 23 years.

Sex ratio recorded at 96

Females outnumbered their male counterparts with the sex ratio of 96. This meant that there were 96 males for every 100 females. In 1995, the sex ratio was recorded at 94.

Age groups 20-29 protrude

In 2000, the age-sex structure of Quezon City deviated from the usual pyramid shape as shown in Figure 2 where the age groups 20 to 29 protrude among the lower age groups, specially among females. Those below five years old occupied the largest proportion of the total population at 12.3 percent.

 

The proportion of women in childbearing ages almost doubled

In 2000, women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised 59 percent of the total female population, almost two times higher than the proportion reported in 1995 (31 percent).

Three-fifths of the population belonged to voting ages

There were 1.4 million persons or about 63 percent of the total population belonging to voting ages (18 years old and over). Among them, the proportion of females was higher (52 percent) than that of the males (48 percent).

Economically active persons increased by about 10 percent

Over 65 percent of the total population or 1.4 million persons belonged to productive ages (15 to 64 years). This resulted to about 10 percent increase from the 1995 figure of 1.3 million persons. About 32 percent were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while about three percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and above). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 53, lower than the 1995 ratio of 54. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 53 dependents, i.e., 49 young dependents and four old dependents.

More females attended school

More than 88 percent of the total household population aged five years and over had attended school; 25 percent, elementary; 32 percent, high school; and 31 percent with higher education.

Females dominated among those who had attended school.

One widower for every four widows

More than 46 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were married while 42 percent were single. The remaining 12 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Among married persons, the proportion of males and females were almost equal (50.5 percent and 49.5 percent, respectively) while females dominated among single persons (52 percent). On the other, the proportion of widows was noticeably higher (80 percent) than the widowers (20 percent).

Five in every eight persons were Tagalogs

Five in every eight of the population of Quezon City classified themselves as Tagalog (65.4 percent); followed by Ilocano, 5.2 percent; Bikol/Bicol, 5 percent; Bisaya/Binisaya, 4.4 percent; and Cebuano, 3.2 percent.

Median floor area at 31 square meters

The houses in Quezon City had a median floor area of 31 square meters. This meant that half of the total housing units had a floor area of below 31 square meters.

Majority of the housing units were single houses (57 percent). Over 76 percent of the total housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only.

Houses were made of strong materials for roof and walls

In 2000, about 78 percent of the housing units in Quezon City, had roof made of galvanized iron while more than 46 percent had outer walls made of either concrete, bricks or stone; 32 percent, half concrete/brick/stone and half wood; and 15 percent, wood.

About 43 percent of housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and had outer walls made of concrete/bricks/stone.

 

QUEZON CITY

Quezon City, the former capital of the Philippines, is bounded on the north, east and south by the Province of Rizal, on the northwest by the City of Caloocan, and on the west by the City of Manila.

The city has a land area of 171.17 square kilometers and has four congressional districts with 142 barangays. Historically, the cause of freedom spread throughout the islands to break the chains of colonialism and monasticism that the first Cry of the Great Plebian, Andres Bonifacio, and his Katipuneros was held on August 23, 1896 in Balintawak where a monument in his honor stands.

On October 12, 1939, the Philippine National Assembly enacted Commonwealth Act No. 502, which created the City of Quezon with 7,355 hectares, one-third of which belonged to the government.

On July 17, 1647, Republic Act No. 333 made Quezon City as the official capital of the Philippines until June 24, 1975 when Presidential Decree 940 establishing the City of Manila as the new Capital of the Philippines and the permanent seat of the National Government.

Source: www.lcp.org.ph

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Barangays: Quezon City, 2000

Barangays

Total Population

Percent

QUEZON CITY

2,173,831

100.00

     Commonwealth

120,569

5.55

     Payatas

112,690

5.18

     Batasan Hills

109,723

5.05

     Pasong Tamo

64,656

2.97

     Bahay Toro

54,118

2.49

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Quezon City, 2000

Age Group

Total Population

Male

Female

Sex Ratio

QUEZON CITY

2,173,831

1,064,780

1,109,051

96.0

     Under 5

267,347

137,429

129,918

105.8

     5-9

229,631

117,881

111,750

105.5

     6-14

196,170

100,019

96,151

104.0

     15-19

209,498

96,989

112,509

86.2

     20-24

237,816

109,267

128,549

85.0

     25-29

218,588

105,354

113,234

93.0

     30-34

195,024

96,791

98,233

98.5

     35-39

158,744

78,971

79,773

99.0

     40-44

133,267

66,032

67,235

98.2

     45-49

102,585

51,320

51,265

100.1

     50-54

77,247

38,439

38,808

99.0

     55-59

46,565

22,604

23,961

94.3

     60-64

38,535

17,635

20,900

84.4

     65-69

25,216

11,271

13,945

80.8

     70-74

17,302

7,366

9,936

74.1

     75-79

10,240

4,024

6,216

64.7

     80 and over

10,056

3,388

6,668

50.8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Quezon City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment

Household Population
5 Years Old & Over

Male

Female

QUEZON CITY

1,899,053

923,662

975,391

     No Grade Completed

38,723

19,897

18,826

     Pre-school

47,552

24,613

22,939

     Elementary

468,483

231,441

237,042

     High School

616,117

294,037

322,080

     Post Secondary

120,860

59,226

61,634

     College Undergraduate

293,604

146,323

147,281

     Academic Degree Holder

170,451

78,616

91,835

     Post Baccalaureate

11,277

5,298

5,979

     Not Stated

131,986

64,211

67,775

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Quezon City, 2000

Ethnicity

Both Sexes

Male

Female

QUEZON CITY

2,166,320

1,061,048

1,105,272

     Tagalog

1,415,874

699,385

716,489

     Ilocano

112,258

54,581

57,677

     Bikol/Bicol

108,293

53,842

54,451

     Bisaya/Binisaya

94,225

43,560

50,665

     Cebuano

68,573

31,774

36,799

     Others

279,098

135,160

143,938

     Not Reported

87,999

42,746

45,253

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Quezon City, 2000

Age Group

Total Population
10 Years Old & Over

Single

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Others

Unknown

QUEZON CITY

1,676,853

709,492

773,674

58,348

23,625

88,987

22,727

     Below 20

405,668

370,742

15,338

785

684

7,003

11,116

     20 to 24

237,816

154,835

57,752

661

1,497

19,167

3,904

     25 to 29

218,588

81,597

112,530

1,056

2,536

18,548

2,321

     30 to 34

195,024

41,697

132,403

1,662

3,320

14,476

1,466

     35 to 39

158,744

22,467

118,643

2,576

3,666

10,402

990

     40 to 44

133,267

13,433

103,450

4,292

3,727

7,630

735

     45 to 49

102,585

8,200

80,588

5,396

2,986

4,959

456

     50 to 54

77,247

5,770

59,307

6,556

2,217

3,014

383

     55 to 59

46,565

3,179

34,266

6,065

1,226

1,590

239

     60 to 64

38,535

2,722

26,034

7,584

856

1,047

292

     65 to 69

25,216

1,636

15,813

6,592

472

512

191

     70 to 74

17,302

1,302

9,332

5,835

240

314

279

     75 to 79

10,240

808

4,769

4,270

104

173

116

     80 and over

10,056

1,104

3,449

5,018

94

152

239

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Quezon City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS

Total
Occupied
Housing
Units

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF

Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum

Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile

Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete

Wood

Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw

Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials

Asbestos/
Others/
Not
Reported

 

QUEZON CITY

447,369

347,723

10,756

57,011

13,756

285

8,615

9,223

 

     Concrete/Brick/Stone

206,656

192,292

8,127

3,872

600

74

327

1,364

 

     Wood

66,393

50,572

547

3,495

11,139

60

517

63

 

     Half Concrete/Brick
         Stone and Half
         Wood

144,317

93,496

1,210

47,205

1,525

41

414

426

 

     Galvanized Iron/
         Aluminum

5,120

3,544

78

1,232

182

5

56

23

 

     Bamboo/Sawali/
         Nipa

706

486

-

56

41

68

51

4

 

     Asbestos

209

131

9

14

11

-

-

44

 

     Glass

258

200

31

16

2

-

-

9

 

     Makeshift/Salvaged/
         Improvised
         Materials

11,179

3,483

2

341

95

21

7,110

127

 

     Others/Not Reported

11,912

3,140

665

717

149

5

89

7,147

 

     No Walls

619

379

87

63

12

11

51

16

 

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size- average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate- the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age- the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio- the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio- the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household- a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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Page last revised: October 8, 2002

 

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