Quezon: Three Dependents for Every Four Economically Active Persons

Reference Number: 

2002-146

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 17, 2002

Population growth rate decreased to 3.6 percent

The total population of Quezon as of May 1, 2000 was 1,482,955 persons, up by 122,963 persons from the 1995 census result. This figure translated to an annual population growth rate of 1.87 percent from 2.03 percent during the 1990 to 1995 period. Likewise, the number of households rose to 299,662, higher by 27,154 households as compared to the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 4.94 persons, slightly lower than the average household size of 4.98 persons in 1995.

Quezon ranked fifth in Southern Tagalog in terms of population size

In terms of population, Quezon ranked fifth among the 11 provinces and one highly urbanized city in Southern Tagalog contributing 12.57 percent to the 11.8 million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 1.94 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000).

Sariaya, the most populated municipality

Sariaya was the most populated municipality among the 40 municipalities comprising Quezon. This registered a population of 114,568 persons or 7.73 percent of the total provincial population. On the other hand, Jomalig and Infanta were the fastest growing municipalities in the province with an annual population growth rate of 6.31 percent and 5.47 percent, respectively. In contrast, Jomalig was the least populated municipality with 0.39 percent of the total provincial population.

Quezon had a median age of 20 years

Quezon had a median age of 20 years, the same as in 1995. This meant that, half of the population were below 20 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 105

Males outnumbered their female counterparts with a recorded sex ratio of 105 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio was 75

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 75.39. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 75 dependents, that is, 68 young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) and seven old dependents (aged 65 years and over). In 1995, dependency ratio was recorded at 77.03.

More than half belonged to voting population

More than half (54.49 percent) of the residents in Quezon belonged to the voting population. Among them, the proportion of males (50.87 percent) was higher than that of the females (49.13 percent).

Nearly half of the female population were in childbearing ages

Out of 724,605 females in the province, 350,287 or 48.34 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, were those in the 15 to 19 years age group (21.14 percent).

Females predominated higher levels of education

About half (50.32 percent) of the total household population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education; 28.29 percent, high school; 2.66 percent with post secondary education; and 8.92 percent with higher education. Among those who had reached college were predominantly females.

Over 92 percent were Tagalog

In Quezon, 92.17 percent of the household population classified themselves as Tagalog. The rest were Bisaya/Binisaya (2.84 percent), Bikol/Bicol (2.45 percent), Cebuano (0.85 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (1.12 percent).

More married persons than single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over in Quezon, higher proportion of married persons (46.55 percent) was reported as compared to single persons (41.98 percent). The remaining 11.46 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other marital arrangements or unknown marital status.

Single houses were most preferred

Majority (94.44 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. Seven out of 10 housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. More than one-third (39.17 percent) were built from 1996 to 2000.

Median floor area was 22 square meters

Half of the occupied housing units in Quezon had a floor area of below 22 square meters. In 1990, the median floor area was 20 square meters.

Proportion of strong materials used for the roof and outer walls increased

In 2000, the proportion of occupied housing units with roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum accounted to 62.16 percent while 24.57 percent had concrete/brick/stone as the construction materials of the outer walls. These figures were up by 21 and 14.49 percentage points, respectively from that of the 1990 figures.

As to the combination of materials used for roof and outer walls, 23.29 percent of occupied housing units were made of galvanized iron/aluminum as roof and concrete/brick/stone as outer walls.

 

QUEZON

Quezon is the farthest eastern province of the Southern Tagalog region. Aurora province lies to the north, provinces of Bulacan, Rizal, Laguna and Batangas to the west, and provinces of Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur to the east.

The Polillo Group of Islands and Alabat Island belong to the province. Quezon is generally rugged and mountainous, except for the coastal plain around Tayabas Bay.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

1591 - The Spaniards established the province of Caliraya, which is the original name of Quezon.

Middle of 18th century - The town of Tayabas became the capital of the province, from which the province got its new name.

March 12, 1902 - the Americans established civil government and Lucena was designated to be the capital of the province.

September 7, 1946 - Tayabas was renamed Quezon province, in honor of the Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon.

Source: League of Provinces of the Philippines(www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: Quezon, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Quezon 1,482,955 100.00 758,350 724,605
     Sariaya 114,568 7.73 58,265 56,303
     Candelaria 92,429 6.23 46,037 46,392
     Lopez 78,694 5.31 40,447 38,247
     Tiaong 75,498 5.09 38,376 37,122
     Tayabas 70,985 4.79 36,491 34,494
     Other Municipalities 1,050,781 70.86 538,734 512,047

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Quezon, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Quezon 1,482,955 758,350 724,605 104.66
     Under 1 38,863 20,193 18,670 108.16
     1 - 4 159,415 82,127 77,288 106.26
     5 - 9 199,871 102,808 97,063 105.92
     10 - 14 180,794 92,368 88,426 104.46
     15 - 19 152,915 78,850 74,065 106.46
     20 - 24 127,914 66,250 61,664 107.44
     25 - 29 109,820 57,242 52,578 108.87
     30 - 34 103,148 53,240 49,908 106.68
     35 - 39 91,142 47,657 43,485 109.59
     40 - 44 79,404 40,996 38,408 106.74
     45 - 49 62,445 32,266 30,179 106.92
     50 - 54 48,630 24,363 24,267 100.40
     55 - 59 37,862 18,528 19,334 95.83
     60 - 64 32,228 15,621 16,607 94.06
     65 - 69 23,201 10,963 12,238 89.58
     70 - 74 16,492 7,358 9,134 80.56
     75 - 79 9,960 4,141 5,819 71.16
     80 & over 8,851 3,379 5,472 61.75

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Quezon, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Quezon 1,282,853 654,852 628,001
     No Grade Completed 60,543 31,741 28,802
     Pre-School 24,762 12,542 12,220
     Elementary 645,519 339,564 305,955
     High School 362,856 181,530 181,326
     Post Secondary 34,140 18,042 16,098
     College Undergraduate 79,392 37,636 41,756
     Academic Degree Holder 32,592 12,550 20,042
     Post Baccalaureate 2,471 841 1,630
     Not Stated 40,578 20,406 20,172

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Quezon, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Quezon 1,084,806 455,430 505,009 46,653 10,238 54,379 13,097
     Below 20 333,709 311,609 9,295 209 298 5,194 7,104
     20 - 24 127,914 76,276 39,436 259 721 9,338 1,884
     25 - 29 109,820 31,409 67,219 523 1,015 8,469 1,185
     30 - 34 103,148 14,247 78,516 1,034 1,344 7,502 505
     35 - 39 91,142 7,634 73,545 1,513 1,542 6,402 506
     40 - 44 79,404 4,433 65,136 2,416 1,466 5,410 543
     45 - 49 62,445 2,915 50,852 3,188 1,240 4,049 201
     50 - 54 48,630 2,160 38,330 4,164 919 2,813 244
     55 - 59 37,862 1,436 28,582 5,043 673 1,943 185
     60 - 64 32,228 1,082 22,838 6,216 468 1,466 158
     65 - 69 23,201 724 14,994 6,242 264 831 146
     70 - 74 16,492 720 8,950 5,969 149 509 195
     75 - 79 9,960 383 4,516 4,573 74 264 150
     80 & over 8,851 402 2,800 5,304 65 189 91

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Quezon, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Quezon 1,481,112 757,167 723,945
     Tagalog 1,365,172 696,846 668,326
     Bisaya/Binisaya 42,130 21,625 20,505
     Bikol/Bicol 36,339 19,341 16,998
     Cebuano 12,614 6,521 6,093
     Ilocano 2,146 1,138 1,008
     Other Local Ethnicity 14,309 7,328 6,981
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 191 119 72
     Not Reported 8,211 4,249 3,962

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Quezon, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Quezon 295,404 183,631 1,355 9,755 5,971 87,866 1,979 1,034 3,813
     Concrete/Brick/ Stone 72,585 68,805 841 975 405 1,489 20 50 72,585
     Wood 84,238 50,626 160 1,553 3,955 27,529 173 242 84,238
     Half Concrete/ Brick/Stone and Half Wood 50,759 40,434 188 5,859 568 3,623 53 34 50,759
     Galvanized iron/ Aluminum 3,039 2,307 23 342 96 255 11 5 3,039
     Bamboo/Sawali/ Cogon/Nipa 72,352 17,868 - 873 864 52,281 257 206 72,352
     Asbestos 378 215 73 15 15 - - 60 378
     Glass 125 96 18 2 2 - - 7 125
     Makeshift/ Salvaged/ Improvised Materials 5,044 1,817 - 68 18 1,706 1,399 36 5,044
     Others/Not Reported 6,448 1,260 36 61 41 835 19 386 6,448
     No Walls 436 203 16 7 7 148 47 8 436

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

The population count of Quezon excludes the count of Lucena City, being a highly urbanized city. A separate Press Release was prepared for each highly urbanized city. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.

 






Tags: