Samar: Population Getting Younger

Reference Number: 

2002-108

Release Date: 

Tuesday, August 13, 2002

Total population increased by 51,751 persons

  • The total population of Samar (Western), as of May 2000, was 641,124 persons, an increase of 51,751 persons from what was recorded in the 1995 Census of Population. This figure translated to an annual growth rate of 1.82 percent, from 1.88 percent during the 1990 to 1995 period.

  • The number of households rose to 124,246 higher by 8,753 households as compared to the 1995 figure. The average household size was 5.15 persons slightly higher than 1995 (5.09 persons) and also higher than the national average of five persons.

Calbayog City was the largest municipality in terms of population size

  • Among the 23 municipalities comprising Samar and 2 cities, Calbayog City was the largest in terms of population size (22.96 percent). It was followed by Catbalogan (provincial capital) with 13.13 percent, Basey (6.83 percent), and Daram (5.54 percent). The least populous was Matuguinao with 0.84 percent share to the total provincial population.

Samar ranked second in Eastern Visayas

  • Samar ranked second in terms of population size among the 6 provinces in the Eastern Visayas Region, contributing 17.76 percent to the 3.6 million population in the region.

  • At the national level, Samar shared 0.84 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Samar had a median age of 17 years

  • Samar had a median age of 17 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 17 years old. The median age in 1995 was 19 years.

  • Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 105.96 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 49 years. On the other hand, females dominated their male counterparts in the aged group 50 years and over.

Overall dependency ratio was 89 in 2000

  • The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 89. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 89 dependents (81 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 8 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was almost the same with the 1995 figure (88.67 dependents).

Majority of academic degree holders were females

  • Of the total household population 5 years old and over, more than half of the population completed or attended elementary education (57.37 percent); 18.32 percent, high school; and 2.73 percent were academic degree holders.

  • Males dominated the elementary level (53.19 percent). On the other hand, those in the high school (52.84 percent), and post-secondary levels (54.33 percent), among college undergraduates (51.88 percent), academic degree holders (62.22 percent) and those with post baccalaureate courses (59.50 percent) were predominantly females.

Majority were Warays

  • Majority of the household population in Samar classified themselves as Waray (91.45 percent). Others considered themselves as Cebuano (5.92 percent), Binisaya/Bisaya (0.64), Tagalog (0.37 percent), and Boholano (0.14 percent).

More single men than women

  • About 41.44 percent of the household population 10 years old and over were single (41.44 percent), while 39.94 percent were married. The remaining 18.62 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

  • Majority of the single persons were men (56.39 percent). The proportion of widowed females was noticeably higher (72.47 percent) than males (27.53 percent).

One in four occupied housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters

  • In 2000, 25.38 percent of the occupied housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters as compared to 27.07 percent in 1990.

  • Occupied housing units with floor area of 120 square meters and over was recorded at 3.93 percent in 2000.

Single houses were most preferred

  • Majority (96.12 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses.

  • Three in five occupied housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only, while two in five were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

The proportion of occupied housing units with walls made concrete/brick/stone increased by 8.71 percentage points

  • As to the construction materials used for housing units, 59.31 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw. The proportion in 1990 was 75.77 percent.

  • About 12.84 percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone, higher than the 1990 figure (4.13 percent).

SAMAR

Samar has the largest land area among the three Samar provinces (5,591 sq. kms.). It occupies the southwestern part of Samar Island. The province is hilly, with some mountains and few narrow strips of lowlands.

In 1735, Leyte and Samar were combined into one province. After three years, Samar was separated from Leyte. On June 19, 1965, Samar was divided into three provinces namely, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar and Western Samar by virtue of R.A. No. 4221. On June 21, 1969, under R.A. No. 5650, Western Samar was renamed to Samar.

Catbalogan is the provincial capital which is the major port and the province's main commercial center. Coconut, rice, corn and abaca are the main crops grew in the province. Some of the large industries are also located in the province like mining, jelly-fish processing and logging.

Tourist spots include the Sohotan Caves National Park in Basey. Basey is also famous for manufacturing of beautifully designed mats. Other tourist attractions are: the Bongahan ruins, in Gandara town; Blanca Aurora Falls, and Mount Hurao. Near the city are seven-layered Dorosdos Falls; Lo-ok Beach Resort in Barangay Malejog; and Mapaso spring.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               By: Conrado M. Lancion, Jr.
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
              Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Municipalities and Sex: Samar (Western), 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Samar (Western) 641,124 100.00 329,843 311,281
     Calbayog City 147,187 22.96 75,157 72,030
     Catbalogan (Capital) 84,180 13.13 42,604 41,576
     Basey 43,809 6.83 22,773 21,036
     Daram 35,532 5.54 18,530 17,002
     Santa Rita 30,118 4.70 15,776 14,342
     Gandara 28,866 4.50 14,825 14,041
     Paranas (Wright) 27,926 4.36 14,350 13,576
     Villareal 23,604 3.68 12,196 11,408
     Santa Margarita 21,740 3.39 11,166 10,574
     Zumarraga 15,423 2.41 7,924 7,499
     Other municipalities 182,739 28.50 94,542 88,197

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Samar (Western), 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Samar (Western) 641,124 329,843 311,281 105.96
     Under 1 19,162 9,812 9,350 104.94
     1 to 4 77,872 39,922 37,950 105.20
     5 to 9 95,317 48,940 46,377 105.53
     10 to 14 80,335 41,321 39,014 105.91
     15 to 19 62,622 33,212 29,410 112.93
     20 to 24 48,926 25,646 23,280 110.16
     25 to 29 43,998 22,787 21,211 107.43
     30 to 34 39,963 20,812 19,151 108.67
     35 to 39 34,534 18,094 16,440 110.06
     40 to 44 29,713 15,343 14,370 106.77
     45 to 49 24,199 12,380 11,819 104.75
     50 to 54 21,147 10,457 10,690 97.82
     55 to 59 18,798 9,377 9,421 99.53
     60 to 64 16,033 7,953 8,080 98.43
     65 to 69 11,258 5,508 5,750 95.79
     70 to 74 8,406 4,089 4,317 94.72
     75 to 79 4,700 2,245 2,455 91.45
     80 & Over 4,141 1,945 2,196 88.57

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Samar, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Samar (Western) 543,116 279,355 263,761
     No Grade Completed 56,495 31,524 24,971
     Pre-School 7,839 3,959 3,880
     Elementary 311,592 165,731 145,861
     High School 99,510 46,924 52,586
     Post Secondary 7,674 3,505 4,169
     College Undergraduate 31,808 15,306 16,502
     Academic Degree Holder 14,814 5,596 9,218
     Post Baccalaureate 1,252 507 745
     Not Stated 12,132 6,303 5,829

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Samar (Western), 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Samar (Western) 448,773 185,960 179,230 19,852 4,867 55,204 3,660
     Below 20 142,957 134,106 3,136 101 165 3,376 2,073
     20 – 24 48,926 27,771 11,768 115 418 8,285 569
     25 – 29 43,998 11,613 21,899 230 608 9,351 297
     30 – 34 39,963 5,158 25,448 380 618 8,169 190
     35 – 39 34,534 2,607 24,087 582 581 6,576 101
     40 – 44 29,713 1,453 21,487 853 604 5,229 87
     45 – 49 24,199 999 17,421 1,133 487 4,101 58
     50 – 54 21,147 691 15,206 1,664 417 3,115 54
     55 – 59 18,798 431 13,293 2,140 358 2,532 44
     60 – 64 16,033 375 10,589 2,854 233 1,945 37
     65 – 69 11,258 247 6,989 2,682 140 1,166 34
     70 – 74 8,406 224 4,425 2,820 132 765 40
     75 – 79 4,700 141 2,115 2,012 61 342 29
     80 & Over 4,141 144 1,367 2,286 45 252 47

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Samar (Western), 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Samar (Western) 640,079 329,047 311,032
     Waray 585,342 301,002 284,340
     Cebuano 37,912 19,506 18,406
     Bisaya/Binisaya 4,069 2,028 2,041
     Tagalog 2,340 1,151 1,189
     Boholano 877 446 431
     Others 4,093 2,067 2,026
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 130 81 49
     Not Reported 5,316 2,766 2,550

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Samar (Western), 2000

Type of Building Occupied Housing Units Household Household Population Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Units
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Units
Samar (Western) 122,836 124,246 640,079 1.01 5.21
     Single House 118,070 119,354 612,775 1.01 5.19
     Duplex 1,796 1,854 9,422 1.03 5.25
     Multi-Unit Residential 632 677 3,170 1.07 5.02
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 128 136 687 1.06 5.37
     Institutional Living Quarters 24 24 126 1.00 5.25
     Other Housing Unit 9 9 32 1.00 3.56
     Not Reported 2,177 2,192 13,867 1.01 6.37

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size – average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate – the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age – the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio – the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio – the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household – a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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