San Fernando City, Provincial Capital of La Union Reached A Hundred Thousand Mark in Census 2000

Reference Number: 

2002-056

Release Date: 

Wednesday, May 15, 2002

 

Population growth rate at 2.09 percent

The Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) showed that the province of La Union recorded a total population of 657,945 persons. The figure was higher by 60,503 persons compared to the 1995 count. This increase translates into a 2.09 percent annual growth rate in the 1995-2000 period, higher than the annual growth rate (1.61 percent) in the 1990-1995 period. A corresponding increase of 10,585 households was also observed, from 116,994 households in 1995 to 127,579 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.16 persons, slightly higher than the 5.11 average household size in 1995.

San Fernando City, the provincial capital, was the largest in terms of population

San Fernando City, the provincial capital, had the largest population (102,082), comprising 15.52 percent of the total population of the province. Bauang (9.63), Agoo (7.89) and Naguilian (6.61) followed. On the other hand, Bagulin, Santol and Burgos, had the smallest population with less than 2.0 percent each.

Table A. Total Population and Growth Rate by Municipality: La Union, 2000

Municipality Total Population Growth Rate
La Union 657,945 2.09
     Agoo 41,422 1.82
     Aringay 51,923 2.60
     Bacnotan 35,419 1.77
     Bagulin 11,857 2.06
     Balaoan 33,786 1.57
     Bangar 31,491 2.26
     Bauang 63,373 2.61
     Burgos 6,748 2.24
     Caba 19,565 1.52
     Luna 32,259 1.59
     Naguilan 43,501 1.82
     Pugo 13,442 2.13
     Rosario 43,497 2.72
     City of San Fernando (Capital) 102,082 2.27
     San Gabriel 14,909 2.17
     San Juan 30,393 1.93
     Santo Stomas 31,204 2.20
     Santol 11,202 2.01
     Sudipen 15,099 1.52
     Tubao 24,773 1.57

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

La Union had a median age of 23 years

More than half of La Union's population were aged below 23 years in 2000. The median age in 1995 was 22 years.

The number of males in La Union was larger than females by 6,935 persons. These figures gave a sex ratio of 102.13 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 49 years, while there were more females in the 50 years and above age group.

Economically active persons comprised 60 percent of the population

Almost 60 percent of the population comprised the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years. Population aged 0 to 14 years constituted 34.91 percent of the total population while those 65 years old and over made up 5.57 percent. Thus, the overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 68.04, lower than the 1995 figure of 71.55.

One-third of the population attended high school

Among the population aged five years old and over, 37.68 percent had attended or completed elementary education; 31.47 percent, high school; and 6.89 percent, post secondary level. About 5 percent were academic degree holders, 10.42 percent were college undergraduates and less than one percent (0.54) pursued post-baccalaureate studies. There were more males than females among those who had attended or finished elementary (50.22 percent), high school (51.89 percent) and post-secondary (55.38 percent). On the other hand, there were more females who were college undergraduates (52.22 percent), academic degree holders (60.52 percent) and with post baccalaureate studies (63.57 percent).

Nine in ten were Ilocanos

Of the total population of La Union, 92.23 percent classified themselves as Ilocanos. The rest were either Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey (2.84 percent), Tagalog (2.63 percent), Pangasinan/Panggalato (0.89) or members of other ethnic groups (1.42 percent).

The proportion of separated/divorced increased to 0.87 percent

Married persons comprised 45.59 percent of the 504,691 persons aged 10 years and over. Single persons, widowed and other arrangements constituted 44.95 percent, 5.26 percent and 2.88 percent, respectively. Separated/divorced persons constituted 0.87 percent, higher than the 0.55 percent recorded in 1995.

An increase of 27.41 percentage points in housing units was recorded

There were 129,091 housing units in La Union, higher by 27,775 units over the 1990 figure (101,316). Of the total housing units, 123,994 were occupied by 127,579 households. An occupancy rate of 96.05 percent was recorded, lower by 0.35 percentage point compared to the 1990 figure (96.40 percent). Almost 96 percent of the occupied housing units in La Union were single houses.

Majority (71.65) of the occupied housing units did not need repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. Almost 19 percent needed major repair. One out of four occupied housing units was relatively new, built from 1996 to 2000.

The proportion of roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw down to 4.76 percent

Majority (92.21 percent) of the houses in La Union had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum, higher than the 76.76 percent recorded in 1990. On the other hand, the proportion of roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw declined from 19.39 percent in 1990 to 4.76 percent in 2000. The use of concrete/brick/stone as construction material of the outer walls rose to 41.24 percent in 2000 from 24.11 percent in 1990.

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

LA UNION

La Union was carved out from the towns of Ilocos Sur and Pangasinan. It is a melting pot of culture that has allowed the province to become the crossroads of the Ilocos. The province lies between the China Sea on the west and the foothills of Cordillera Mountain range in the east. The mountains form the common boarder with the province of Benguet. The province of Ilocos Sur lies to the north and the province of Pangasinan bounds it to the south.

The province was created through a Decreto Superior issued on March 2, 1850 by Governor General Antonio Maria Blanco. Its status as a province was formally approved by a Royal Decree of Queen Isabela II of Spain on April 18, 1854.

San Fernando, the provincial capital, is the administrative regional center for Region I. It is also a national port of entry servicing both domestic and international shipping.

La Union showcases its rich cultural heritage in museums and historical sites throughout the province. The Museo de la Union showcases archaeological finds from the region and the Pindangan Ruins also attracts tourist to La Union.

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: La Union, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
La Union 657,945 100.0 332,440 325,505
     San Fernando (Capital) 102,082 15.52 50,792 51,290
     Bauang 63,373 9.63 32,002 31,371
     Agoo 51,923 7.89 26,297 25,626
     Naguilian 43,501 6.61 22,092 21,409
     Rosario 43,497 6.61 22,204 21,293
     Other Municipalities 353,569 53.74 179,053 174,516

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: La Union, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
La Union 657,945 332,440 325,505 102.13
     Under 1 15,985 8,461 7,524 112.45
     1 to 4 60,534 31,795 28,739 110.63
     5 to 9 76,735 39,529 37,206 106.24
     10 to 14 76,465 39,168 37,297 105.02
     15 to 19 69,445 35,893 33,552 106.98
     20 to 24 58,686 30,021 28,665 104.73
     25 to 29 49,862 25,488 24,374 104.57
     30 to 34 46,977 24,100 22,877 105.35
     35 to 39 42,231 21,411 20,820 102.84
     40 to 44 36,650 18,444 18,206 101.31
     45 to 49 29,332 14,696 14,636 100.41
     50 to 54 24,666 12,073 12,593 95.87
     55 to 59 17,438 8,392 9,046 92.77
     60 to 64 16,265 7,502 8,763 85.61
     65 to 69 12,015 5,410 6,605 81.91
     70 to 74 9,107 3,909 5,198 75.20
     75 to 79 7,359 2,982 4,377 68.13
     80 & Over 8,193 3,166 5,027 62.98

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: La Union, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
La Union 580,737 291,803 288,934
     No Grade Completed 22,465 11,191 11,274
     Pre-School 15,104 7,648 7,456
     Elementary 218,828 109,885 108,943
     High School 182,750 94,830 87,920
     Post Secondary 40,027 22,166 17,861
     College Undergraduate 60,506 28,910 31,596
     Academic Degree Holder 28,822 11,379 17,443
     Post Baccalaureate 3,135 1,142 1,993
     Not Stated 9,100 4,652 4,448

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: La Union, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
La Union 657,226 332,046 325,180
     Ilocano 606,167 306,600 299,567
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 18,645 9,618 9,027
     Tagalog 17,259 8,323 8,936
     Pangasinan/Panggalato 5,821 2,999 2,822
     Others 8,252 3,969 4,283
     Not Reported 1,082 537 545

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: La Union, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
La Union, 504,691 226,852 230,105 26,527 4,415 14,523 2,269
     Below 20 145,910 140,148 3,059 108 93 1,399 1,103
     20 - 24 58,686 39,763 15,469 95 198 2,809 352
     25 - 29 49,862 18,888 27,721 257 369 2,420 207
     30 - 34 46,977 9,642 34,203 439 563 1,983 147
     35 - 39 42,231 5,590 33,511 732 663 1,632 103
     40 - 44 36,650 3,402 29,883 1,200 713 1,383 69
     45 - 49 29,332 2,312 23,784 1,652 604 943 37
     50 - 54 24,666 1,772 19,358 2,325 460 703 48
     55 - 59 17,438 1,191 13,079 2,423 292 429 24
     60 - 64 16,265 1,081 11,337 3,313 188 306 40
     65 - 69 12,015 889 7,610 3,150 137 202 27
     70 - 74 9,107 719 4,963 3,221 54 114 36
     75 - 79 7,359 629 3,461 3,111 39 94 25
     80 & Over 8,193 826 2,667 4,501 42 106 51

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: La Union, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and
Half
Concrete
Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Wood Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
La Union 123,994 114,336 665 1,520 5,904 430 343 796
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 51,135 50,318 550 134 89 18 10 16
     Wood 11,929 11,298 25 71 235 285 11 4
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
26,600 25,295 69 1,077 111 36 6 6
     Galvanized
       Iron/Aluminum
3,098 3,018 2 37 27 8 4 2
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 27,727 22,052 - 169 5,309 72 80 45
     Others/Not Reported 3,505 2,355 19 32 133 11 232 723



 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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