School Attendance in Higher Level of Education is Higher Among Females than Males Aged 16 to 24 Years Old (Based from the Results of 2011 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey)

Reference Number: 

13 - 03

Release Date: 

Thursday, May 9, 2013

There were more females attending post secondary, college, and post graduate courses than males

The 2011 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey revealed that of the estimated 8 million females aged 16 to 24 years old nationwide, about 25.6 percent were attending post secondary, college, and post graduate courses at anytime during the school year June 2011 to March 2012. This is higher than the proportion of males with 20 percent. Across regions, school attendance rate in these levels of education was highest in Cordillera Administrative Region (30.6%) and lowest in Caraga (17.2%).

Nationwide, of those attending post secondary, college and post graduate courses, the male-to-female ratio was 80 males for every 100 females. SOCCSKSARGEN had the lowest proportion of males who were attending these levels of education with the ratio of 65 males for every 100 females. In contrast, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) was the only region with more males attending these levels of education than females with the ratio of 102 males for every 100 females.

School Attendance in high school is also higher among females aged 12 to 15 years old

The participation rate of females aged 12 to 15 years old in secondary or high school education (73.8%) was also higher than the participation rate of males (62.8%). In all regions, fewer males were attending high school education than females with a ratio ranging from 68 to 95 males for every 100 females. Of the total population aged 12 to 15 years old, Ilocos Region had the highest participation rate in high school education with 76.8 percent while ARMM had the lowest with 45.7 percent.

More males were attending elementary education than females

Of those aged 6 to 11 years old who were attending elementary education, males outnumbered females in school attendance in this level of education with the ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. Only Western Visayas had more females attending elementary education with the ratio of 96 males for every 100 females.

There were more males than females who were attending elementary education at anytime during the school year June 2011 to March 2012 in the public/government educational institutions with the ratio of 105 males for every 100 females. On the contrary, more females went to private educational institutions for their elementary education than males with the ratio of 99 males for every 100 females.

Meanwhile, of the estimated 3 million females aged 3 to 5 years old, 44.8 percent were attending early education, namely: nursery, kindergarten and preparatory learning schools while the proportion of males aged 3 to 5 years old who were attending early education was 43.2 percent. There was no sex differential noted among those attending early education as revealed by their sex ratio of 100 males for every 100 females.

There were more females who were out of school youth than males

Fourteen percent of the estimated 40 million Filipinos 6 to 24 years old were considered Out-of-School-Youth (OSY). OSY refers to family members 6 to 17 years old who are not attending formal school and family members 18 to 24 years old who are currently out of school, not gainfully employed and have not finished college or post-secondary course. Among the OSYs, females accounted for 55.3 percent while males comprised 44.7 percent. Among the regions, ARMM had the highest percentage of OSY (19.7%) and CAR had the lowest (9.9%).

Among OSYs who were 6 to 11 years old, lack of personal interest, illness/disability and high cost of education were the three leading reasons for not attending school, for both males and females. Lack of personal interest was also the most cited reason for OSYs who were 12 to 15 years of age, followed by high cost of education. For OSYs aged 18 to 24, high cost of education was the main reason among males, and marriage, among females.

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

The 2011 APIS that was conducted nationwide in July 2011 was the eight in a series of APIS carried out by National Statistics Office. It was designed to provide non-income indicators related to poverty at the national and regional levels. The survey gathered information on the socio-economic profile of families and other information that are related to their living conditions.

In the survey, one of the questions asked was “Is___ currently attending school?” to determine the schooling status of the population 3 to 24 years old. School attendance means attendance in any educational institutions, public or private, for formal academic education. The survey covered around 43,833 sample household with a response rate of 96 percent.

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