Swine Situation Report, October-December 2018

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Thursday, January 31, 2019

The swine industry showed increases in production from 2016 to 2018. The volume of hog production for the fourth quarter of 2018 was estimated at 662.73 thousand metric tons. This was 2.01 percent higher compared with the 2017 output of 649.68 thousand metric tons.

The top three hog producing regions during the period were Central Luzon, CALABARZON and Northern Mindanao. These regions posted increases in production by 4.41 percent, 3.00 percent, and 3.52 percent, respectively. The combined production of these three regions accounted for 47.84 percent of the country’s total hog production. (Table 1)


Figure 1


As of 1 January 2019, total swine population reached 12.71 million heads. This was 0.83 percent higher compared with the previous year’s inventory of 12.60 million heads.

Inventory of swine in backyard farms, as of 1 January 2019, grew by 0.93 percent. This indicates a recovery from the decline of inventory at 0.33 percent in 2018. Similarly, stocks in commercial farms expanded by 0.66 percent.

Central Luzon, CALABARZON, Western Visayas, Central Visayas, and Northern Mindanao were the top five regions with the highest swine population. These regions accounted for 54.71 percent of the country’s total swine population. (Table 2)


Figure 2


The October-December 2018 average farmgate price of hogs for slaughter was PhP 114.60 per kilogram, liveweight. This was 5.20 percent higher than the 2017 average farmgate price of PhP 108.94 per kilogram, liveweight.

Within the fourth quarter of 2018, the highest average farmgate price was recorded in October at PhP 115.34 per kilogram, liveweight. (Table 3)


Figure 3




This Swine Situation Report presents the swine industry in terms of volume of production, inventory by farm type and average farmgate price. This report was prepared to serve as ready reference for PSA’s various clients and stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It is released quarterly in January, May, August and November every year.


Concepts and Definitions

Volume of production refers to the volume of locally-raised swine disposed for slaughter including those which were shipped-out to other regions/provinces for slaughter. This is expressed in metric ton, liveweight.

Inventory refers to the actual number of swine present in the farm as of a specific reference date.

Farmgate price refers to the price received by raisers for their produce at the location of farm. Thus, the marketing costs such as the transport and other marketing cost (if any) incurred in selling the produce are not included in the farmgate prices.




(Director II)
Sectoral Statistics Office