Tarlac: Population Reached a Million Mark (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-107

Release Date: 

Tuesday, August 13, 2002

 

Population to double in 26 years

The population of Tarlac, as of May 1, 2000, was 1,068,783 persons. This was up by 122,973 persons as compared to 945,810 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population.

The highest annual population growth rate for Tarlac since 1903 was during the intercensal period 1970 to 1975 at an annual population growth rate of 2.75 percent. This was slightly higher than the annual population growth rate registered during the 1995 to 2000 period of 2.65 percent. If the current growth rate continues, the population of Tarlac is expected to double in 26 years.

In 2000, the number of households was 215,395, resulting to an average household size of 4.96 persons. This was lower than that of 1995 (5.1 persons) and national average (five persons).

Tarlac, ranked fourth in Central Luzon Region in terms of population

Tarlac ranked fourth in terms of population size among the six provinces and two highly urbanized cities in Central Luzon (Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Zambales, Olongapo City and Angeles City) contributing 13.31 percent to the eight million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 1.44 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Tarlac City, the provincial capital, was the biggest in terms of population

Of the 17 municipalities and one city in Tarlac, Tarlac City, the provincial capital, was the biggest in terms of population size. This registered a population of 262,481 persons or 27.75 percent of the total provincial population. It was followed by Concepcion (12.18 percent) and Capas (10.07 percent). The other municipalities had less than 10 percent share each.

Tarlac had a median age of 22 years

Tarlac had a median age of 22 years. This means that in 2000, half of the population were below 22 years old. In 1995, the median age was 21 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 102.72

Males outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 102.72 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio down to 66

The proportion of the total population belonging to age group 0 to 14 years was 35.47 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 4.40 percent, while 60.13 percent were in 15 to 64 year-age group (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 66.30. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 66 dependents (59 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and seven persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, the dependency ratio was recorded at 69.

More than half of the voting population were men

There were 538,273 persons or 58.33 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population. Among them, the proportion of males (50.11 percent) was higher than that of the females (49.89 percent).

More than half of females were in childbearing age group

Out of 527,212 females, 269,126 or 51.05 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of females belonging to childbearing age were those at 15 to 19 year age group (19.84 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

About 42 percent of the household population aged five years and over in Tarlac had attended or completed elementary education; 32.37 percent, high school; 9.30 percent were college undergraduates; 3.56 percent were academic degree holders, and only 0.29 percent with post baccalaureate courses. On the other hand, the number of children 5 to 6 years old who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 18,854 pupils (2.01 percent).

There were more females than males among academic degree holders. The same is true among those with post baccalaureate courses. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished elementary, high school, post secondary, and were college undergraduates were predominantly males.

Two out of five were Kapampangan

Two out of five of the household population in Tarlac classified themselves as Kapampangan. Ilocano (40.9 percent) and Tagalog (12.7 percent) followed. Other ethnic groups included Pangasinan/Panggalatok and Kankanai/Kankaney, Kankanaey with 0.7 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively.

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over in Tarlac, a higher proportion of married persons (49.4 percent) was reported as compared to single persons (42.2 percent). The remaining 8.4 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

A quarter of the housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters

Almost one-fourth (24.3 percent) of the occupied housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters and about 19 percent had floor area of 20 to 29 square meters. Only five percent of the occupied housing units had floor area of 120 square meters or more.

About half of the households used strong materials for their houses

Majority of the households in Tarlac used galvanized iron/aluminum (77.9 percent) and a small percentage still used cogon/nipa/anahaw (12.8 percent) as roof of their houses. As to the construction material of the outer walls, almost half (49.6 percent) of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone, and 23.2 percent made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa.

Of the total occupied housing units, 47.79 percent had roof made up of galvanized iron/aluminum and walls made of concrete/brick/stone.

 

TARLAC

Tarlac is a landlocked province in the middle of the Central Luzon. It is characterized by an extensive plain in the eastern part and rolling foothills of the Zambales Mountain Range on the western part. The province of Pangasinan borders it to the north, the province of Nueva Ecija lies to the east and the province of Zambales to the west while Pampanga completes the circle by closing its southern side.

The province is popularly known as the "Melting Pot of Luzon" because of its ethnolinguistic groups mostly migrants from neighboring provinces, whom majority are Ilocanos, Pampange�os, Pangasinan and Tagalogs who speak their native languages.

Tarlac became the seat of the first Philippine Republic in March 1899. This lasted only for a month.

Gregorio Aglipay, military vicar general of the Revolutionary forces, drafted the constitution of the Philippine Independent Church in Paniqui on October 23, 1899. This led to a schism in the Roman Catholic Church.

The province became the terminal point of the infamous Death March during World War II, where thousands of Filipino and American soldiers died.

In the early 50's, the province was the hotbed of Hukbalahap, the guerilla movement.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table1. Total Population Distribution of Top 5 Municipalities by Sex: Tarlac, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Tarlac 1,068,783 100.00 541,571 527,212
     Capas 95,219 10.07 48,803 46,416
     Concepcion 115,171 12.18 58,930 56241
     Gerona 72,618 7.68 36,621 35,997
     Paniqui 78,883 8.34 39,719 39,164
     City of Tarlac (Capital) 262,481 27.75 132,532 129,949
     Other Municipalities 444,411 41.58 224,966 219445

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Tarlac, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Tarlac 1,068,783 541,571 527,212 102.72
     Under 1 25,960 13,378 12,582 106.33
     1 to 4 103,457 53,409 50,048 106.72
     5 to 9 128,723 66,649 62,074 107.37
     10 to 14 120,959 61,681 59,278 104.05
     15 to 19 109,179 55,777 53,402 104.45
     20 to 24 98,348 50,032 48,316 103.55
     25 to 29 87,077 44,649 42,428 105.23
     30 to 34 80,498 41,037 39,461 103.99
     35 to 39 69,454 35,619 33,835 105.27
     40 to 44 58,685 30,163 28,522 105.75
     45 to 49 47,216 24,054 23,162 103.85
     50 to 54 40,286 20,051 20,235 99.09
     55 to 59 27,879 13,644 14,235 95.85
     60 to 64 24,045 11,400 12,645 90.15
     65 to 69 17,382 7,883 9,499 82.99
     70 to 74 12,046 5,189 6,857 75.67
     75 to 79 8,839 3,611 5,228 69.07
     80 & Over 8,750 3,345 5,405 61.89

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Tarlac, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Tarlac 938,591 474,132 464,459
     No Grade Completed 36,823 19,104 17,719
     Pre-School 18,854 9,572 9,282
     Elementary 393,390 197,545 195,845
     High School 303,846 156,113 147,733
     Post Secondary 42,904 23,188 19,716
     College Undergraduate 87,277 43,743 43,534
     Academic Degree Holder 33,439 14,029 19,410
     Post Baccalaureate 2,763 1,031 1,732
     Not Stated 19,295 9,807 9,488

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Tarlac, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Tarlac 810,643 341,783 400,428 36,059 7,453 17,487 7,073
     Below 20 230,138 216,647 7,820 232 188 1,494 3,757
     20 - 24 98,348 62,342 31,696 230 490 2,391 1,199
     25 - 29 87,077 28,976 53,553 398 828 2,661 661
     30 - 34 80,498 13,488 62,094 740 1,096 2,698 382
     35 - 39 69,454 6,883 57,624 1,167 1,126 2,424 230
     40 - 44 58,685 3,958 49,703 1,794 1,102 1,975 153
     45 - 49 47,216 2,643 39,668 2,382 912 1,492 119
     50 - 54 40,286 2,095 32,947 3,406 695 1,039 104
     55 - 59 27,879 1,201 22,012 3,607 383 590 86
     60 - 64 24,045 1,108 17,595 4,507 285 479 71
     65 - 69 17,382 783 11,464 4,618 158 272 87
     70 - 74 12,046 647 6,912 4,167 82 169 69
     75 - 79 8,839 454 4,325 3,853 58 88 61
     80 & Over 8,750 558 3,015 4,958 50 75 94

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Tarlac, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Tarlac 1,067,996 540,913 527,083
     Kapampangan 467,620 238,616 229,004
     Ilocano 436,907 221,072 215,835
     Tagalog 135,962 67,473 68,489
     Pangasinan 5,589 2,805 2,784
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 3,373 1,687 1,686
     Others 15,167 7,484 7,683
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 380 225 155
     Not Reported 2998 1,551 1,447

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Tarlac, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Tarlac 211,362 164,679 1,504 10,254 3,727 27,113 1,064 158 2,863
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 104,932 101,018 1,209 976 770 897 36 26 -
     Wood 9,276 6,954 47 295 1,209 751 17 3 -
     Half Concrete/
    Brick/Stone
     and Half Wood
39,652 29,950 181 7,356 779 1,320 41 25 -
     Galvanized iron/
     Aluminum
1,388 1,011 12 245 30 84 4 2 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
     Cogon/Nipa
49,049 23,207 - 1,222 849 23,508 207 51 5
     Asbestos 146 101 19 14 4 - - 8 -
     Glass 46 35 7 1 1 - - 2 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
     Improvised
     Materials
1,911 768 - 32 6 345 744 16 -
     Others/Not reported 4,702 1,462 8 96 65 180 10 23 2,858
     No Walls 260 173 21 17 14 28 5 2 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


--- o0o ---







Tags: