Tawi-Tawi: Population Growth Rate Rose More Than Threefold (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-138

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 10, 2002

 

Population growth rate increased to 5.53 percent

The total population of Tawi-Tawi, as of May 1, 2000, was 322,317 persons, an increase of 71,599 persons over the 1995 Census of Population results. This translates to an annual population growth rate of 5.53 percent, during the 1995 to 2000 period, higher than the 1.78 percent growth rate in the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase in the number of households was also recorded at 54,345 households, higher by 8,400 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 5.93 persons, higher than the average household size recorded in 1995 (5.45 persons) and the 2000 national average of five persons.

Bongao (provincial capital) had the largest share in terms of population

Bongao, the provincial capital, was the largest municipality in Tawi-Tawi with its population comprising 18.05 percent of the total population of the province. It was followed by Sitangkai (16.37 percent), Languyan (13.04 percent), and Panglima Sugala (Balimbing) (10.34 percent). On the other hand, the least populous municipality was Turtle Island (1.12 percent).

Tawi-Tawi had the smallest population in ARMM

Tawi-Tawi had the smallest population from among the four provinces in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), with 13.36 percent of the 2.4 million persons of the region. At the national level, the province contributed 0.42 percent to the total population of 76.5 million. Yet, Tawi-Tawi had the highest population growth rate in the region.

Tawi-Tawi had a median age of 17 years

Tawi-Tawi had a median age of 17 years, the same as that of 1995. This means that half of the population were below 17 years.

Females outnumbered males

There were 160.3 thousand males and 162.0 thousand females in Tawi-Tawi, or a sex ratio in 2000 of 99 males for every 100 females. In contrast, in 1995, there were 106 males for every 100 females in the province. There were more females in the age group 0 to 39 years, while more males in the 40 years and above age group.

Overall dependency ratio was 73

Young dependents (0 to 14 years age group) made up 40.73 percent of the total population, while old dependents (65 years and above) comprised 1.47 percent. Thus, the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years was 57.79 percent of the total population in Tawi-Tawi.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 73.04, lower than the 1995 ratio of 76.20. This means that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 73 dependents, i.e., 70 young dependents and 3 old dependents.

 

Table A. Total Population and Growth Rates by Province, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao: 1995 and 2000

Province Population Growth Rate
2000 1995 2000 1995
ARMM 2,412,159 2,020,903 3.86 1.80
   Lanao del Sur 669,072 571,804 3.42 2.24
   Maguindanao 801,102 662,180 4.16 0.92
   Sulu 619,668 536,201 3.15 2.50
   Tawi-Tawi 322,317 250,718 5.53 1.78

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Voting population comprised more than half the total population

There were 166,009 persons or 51.50 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (aged 18 years and over), slightly higher than the 1995 figure (50.91 percent).

Proportion of women in childbearing ages increased slightly

In 2000, about 52.27 percent of the female population were in the childbearing ages (15 to 49 years old), slightly higher by 0.24 percentage point from the 1995 figure (52.02 percent).

More females with post secondary education than males

Of the household population five years old and over, 39.93 percent had completed or attended elementary education; 23.67 percent, high school; 8.62 percent were college undergraduates; and 1.10 percent, academic degree holders. Males predominated in all levels except the post secondary level.

Sama Dilaya and Tausug were the two major ethnic groups in Tawi-Tawi

Majority (71.45 percent) of the household population in Tawi-Tawi classified themselves as Sama Dilaya or Tausug (35.82 percent and 35.63 percent, respectively). Others classified themselves as Sama (Samal)/Abaknon (15.21 percent), Jawa Mapun (5.84 percent), Badjao/Sama Dilaut (2.52 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (4.43 percent).

More widows than widowers

About 49 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single, while 45.30 percent were married. The remaining 5.83 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status. There were more single men (51.30 percent) than women (48.70 percent), while there were more widowed females than males (69.37 percent and 30.63 percent, respectively).

One out of five occupied housing units had floor area of 20 to 29 square meters

Of the 52,964 occupied housing units in Tawi-Tawi, about 22 percent had floor area of 20 to 29 square meters. This figure increased by 2.18 percentage points from the 1990 figure (19.94 percent). Housing units with floor area of 30 to 49 square meters followed with 21.37 percent. Only 3.21 percent had floor area of 120 square meters or more.

Proportion of occupied housing units with roof made of galvanized iron increased to 52.18 percent

The proportion of housing units with roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum increased from 37.92 percent in 1990 to 52.18 percent in 2000. On the other hand, the proportion of housing units with roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw dipped by 17.56 percentage points (55.88 percent in 1990 to 38.32 percent in 2000).

Two out of five occupied housing units had galvanized iron/aluminum for roof, while wood for walls; and, one out of five had cogon/nipa/anahaw for roof and wood for walls.

 

TAWI-TAWI

Tawi-Tawi is located in the southwestern part of Mindanao. It has a land area of 1,087 sq. km.

Tawi-Tawi came from the word "jaui" meaning far. "Jaui-Jaui" denotes a very far place.

The province is composed of 307 islands and islets. These islands and islets were divided into three main island groups namely; Tawi-Tawi island, Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi island (known also as Cagayan de Sulu) and Turtle island. The island of Tawi-Tawi includes Bongao, Simunul, Sibutu and Sitangkai.

In 1380, Arab missionary Sheik Karimul Makdum arrived in Simunul island and introduced Islam to the country. Several Arabs came and spread the faith in whole Sulu archipelago. Rajah Baguinda organized Sulu as a muslim Sultanate based in Jolo. In 1450, Sayyid Abubakar arrived and married Baguinda's daughter Paramisuli. He made Islam the states' religion and became the ruler of Sulu.

The colonization which tried to change the people's way of life followed. Sultan abdicated his rights of sovereignty that lead to abolition of Sultanate.

In 1960, the Sulu Sultanate was revived when the Philippine Government pressed its claim to Sabah.

On September 11, 1973, Tawi-Tawi was created a separate province from Sulu, pursuant to Presidential Degree No. 302. It is now one of the provinces of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               by: Conrado M. Lancion,
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities by Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Tawi-Tawi 322,317 100.00 160,319 161,998
     Bongao (Capital) 58,174 18.05 28,773 29,401
     Sitangkai 52,772 16.37 26,471 26,301
     Languyan 42,040 13.04 20,596 21,444
     Panglima Sugala 33,315 10.34 16,714 16,601
     Simunul 31,962 9.92 15,617 16,345
     Other municipalities 104,054 32.28 52,148 51,906

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Tawi-Tawi, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Tawi-Tawi 322,317 160,319 161,998 98.96
     Under 1 4,033 1,972 2,061 95.68
     1 to 4 34,206 16,603 17,603 94.32
     5 to 9 48,280 23,791 24,489 97.15
     10 to 14 44,775 22,359 22,416 99.75
     15 to 19 41,859 20,536 21,323 96.31
     20 to 24 29,280 14,482 14,798 97.86
     25 to 29 24,769 11,911 12,858 92.63
     30 to 34 19,794 9,659 10,135 95.30
     35 to 39 22,128 10,829 11,299 95.84
     40 to 44 16,675 8,499 8,176 103.95
     45 to 49 12,827 6,745 6,082 110.90
     50 to 54 8,776 4,757 4,019 118.36
     55 to 59 6,068 3,329 2,739 121.54
     60 to 64 4,096 2,288 1,808 126.55
     65 to 69 2,277 1,207 1,070 112.80
     70 to 74 1,396 781 615 126.99
     75 to 79 560 309 251 123.11
     80 & Over 518 262 256 102.34

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Tawi-Tawi 283,828 141,542 142,286
     No Grade Completed 47,030 22,399 24,631
     Pre-School 5,347 2,620 2,727
     Elementary 113,341 56,992 56,349
     High School 67,178 33,924 33,254
     Post Secondary 2,518 1,189 1,329
     College Undergraduate 24,472 12,492 11,980
     Academic Degree Holder 3,129 1,631 1,498
     Post Baccalaureate 4,319 2,212 2,107
     Not Stated 16,494 8,083 8,411

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Tawi-Tawi, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Tawi-Tawi 322,066 160,116 161,950
     Sama Dilaya 115,369 57,969 57,400
     Tausug 114,745 56,879 57,866
     Sama (Samal)/Abaknon 48,988 23,819 25,169
     Jawa Mapun 18,821 9,274 9,547
     Badjao, Sama Dilaut 8,113 4,020 4,093
     Others 14,280 7,299 6,981
     Not Reported 1,750 856 894

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Tawi-Tawi, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Tawi-Tawi 235,798 115,235 106,812 5,961 2,210 2,160 3,420
     Below 20 86,634 80,578 3,322 133 120 216 2,265
     20 - 24 29,280 20,307 7,810 166 277 213 507
     25 - 29 24,769 8,599 14,890 271 464 278 267
     30 - 34 19,794 3,041 15,599 341 386 301 126
     35 - 39 22,128 1,307 19,561 480 350 353 77
     40 - 44 16,675 554 14,965 615 218 275 48
     45 - 49 12,827 327 11,595 579 120 188 18
     50 - 54 8,776 188 7,635 671 103 156 23
     55 - 59 6,068 143 5,120 629 71 83 22
     60 - 64 4,096 81 3,163 739 41 51 21
     65 - 69 2,277 50 1,634 526 27 20 20
     70 - 74 1,396 31 901 413 22 16 13
     75 - 79 560 14 342 187 6 4 7
     80 & Over 518 15 275 211 5 6 6

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Tawi Tawi, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not
Reported
Tawi-Tawi 52,964 27,639 402 864 1,463 20,297 67 2,232
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 2,397 2,220 71 62 8 34 1 1
     Wood 35,772 23,115 206 606 1,211 10,261 11 362
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
1,007 816 22 127 16 25 - 1
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
109 33 - 8 35 33 - -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Nipa
11,273 1,243 - 54 173 9,766 22 15
     Asbestos 13 8 4 - - - - 1
     Glass 6 3 1 - - - - 2
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
65 5 - - 1 20 32 7
     Others/Not Reported 2,277 177 94 7 19 137 1 1,842
     No Walls 45 19 4 - - 21 - 1

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


--- o0o ---







Tags: