Two Out of Five Persons in Eastern Visayas Resided in Leyte (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-093

Release Date: 

Tuesday, July 23, 2002

 

Population growth rate decreased to 1.13 percent

The total population of Leyte as of May 2000, was 1,592,336 persons, an increase of 81,085 persons over the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN) results. This translated to an annual growth rate of 1.13 percent, from 1.89 percent in 1995. If the current annual growth rate continues, the population of Leyte will double in 62 years. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 322,579 households, higher by 21,421 households over the 1995 figure. This resulted to an average household size of 4.92 persons, slightly lower than the average household size recorded in 1995 and the national average of five persons.

Tacloban City (provincial capital) was the largest in terms of population size

Tacloban City, the provincial capital, shared the largest population in Leyte, contributing 11.22 percent. It was followed by Ormoc City (9.69 percent), and Baybay (6.01 percent). On the other hand, the least populous municipality was Tunga (0.38 percent). In terms of population growth rate, Dulag had the fastest growth rate among the 41 municipalities and 2 cities in Leyte with 2.45 percent, while San Isidro registered a negative growth rate of 2.6 percent.

Leyte ranked first in terms of population size in Eastern Visayas

Among the six provinces in Eastern Visayas, Leyte ranked first in terms of population size with 44.10 percent of the 3.6 million persons of the region. At the national level, the province contributed 2.08 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

Leyte had a median age of 19 years

Leyte had a median age of 19 years. This meant that half of the population were below 19 years. In 1995, the median age was 18 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 103.99

There were 811.7 thousand males and 780.6 thousand females in Leyte. This gave a sex ratio of 103.99 males for every 100 females in 2000, slightly higher than the 1995 figure of 103.30. There were more males in the age group 0 to 54 years, while more females in the 55 years and above age group.

More than half of the population were economically active persons

More than half (55.48 percent) of the population of Leyte belonged to the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years. About 39.84 percent were aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents), while 4.68 percent were aged 64 years and above (old dependents). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 80.25, lower than the 1995 ratio of 83.45. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 80 dependents, i.e., 72 young dependents and 8 old dependents.

Voting population comprised more than half of the total population

There were 853,416 persons or 53.60 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (aged 18 years and over), higher than the 1995 figure (52.19 percent).

One out of two women in childbearing age group

In 2000, about 46 percent of the female population belonged to the childbearing age group (15 to 49 years old), slightly higher by 0.31 percentage point from the 1995 figure (45.62 percent).

Females had higher levels of education

Of the total five years old and over, more than half of the population completed or attended elementary education (51.67 percent); 22.74 percent, high school; 7.69 percent, college undergraduates; and 3.56 percent, academic degree holders. Males dominated the elementary (52.99 percent) and post-secondary levels (50.93 percent), while the rest by females.

Three-fourth of the population were Binisaya/Bisaya and Waray

Majority of the household population in Leyte classified themselves as Binisaya/Bisaya (39.94 percent) or Waray (37.62 percent). Other ethnic groups included Cebuano (20.25 percent), Tagalog (0.34 percent), and Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey (0.11 percent).

Married persons down by 3.67 percentage points

About 42.61 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were married, lower than the 1995 figure (46.28 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of single was registered at 43.78 percent, and the remaining 13.61 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status. Majority of the single persons were men (54.69 percent). The proportion of widowed females was remarkably higher (73.63 percent) than males (26.37 percent).

One out of four occupied housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters

Out of 318,878 occupied housing units in Leyte, 26.27 percent had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters; 24.49 percent, less than 10 square meters; and 16.50 percent, 20 to 29 square meters.

One out of five occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron and walls made of concrete/brick/stone

One out of five or 19.61 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum and walls made of concrete/brick/stone. On the other hand, 25.22 percent had roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw and walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa. About 62.45 percent of the occupied housing units needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only, and 34.31 percent were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

LEYTE

Leyte, the largest province in Eastern Visayas, is situated south of Samar and north of Bohol province. In the east of Leyte is Leyte Gulf while Ormoc Bay and Visayas Sea in the west. The province has an area of 5,713 sq. km.

On March 29,1521, the island of Limasawa (Leyte) was the site of blood compact of Magellan and Rajah Kolambu. The first mass was celebrated in the Philippines by Father Pedro de Valderama on March 31, 1521. In the early years of Spanish rule, Leyte was under the jurisdiction of Cebu. In 1768, Samar was separated from Leyte and was also made another politico-military province.

During the liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese in World War II, the American troops led by General Douglas McArthur and Commonwealth President Sergio Osmeña landed in Palo, Leyte, on October 20, 1944 and announced the re-establishment of the Philippine Government.

On May 22, 1959, the old province of Leyte was divided into the present Leyte and Southern Leyte provinces by virtue of Republic Act No. 2227.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               By: Conrado M. Lancion, Jr.
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Ten Cities/Municipalities by Sex: Leyte, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Leyte 1,592,336 100.00 811,737 780,599
     Tacloban City (Capital) 178,639 11.22 88,490 90,149
     Ormoc City 154,297 9.69 78,612 75,685
     Baybay 95,630 6.01 48,877 46,753
     Abuyog 53,837 3.38 27,806 26,031
     Hilongos 51,462 3.23 26,380 25,082
     Palompon 50,754 3.19 26,056 24,698
     Palo 47,982 3.01 24,393 23,589
     Burauen 47,180 2.96 23,728 23,452
     Tanauan 45,056 2.83 23,110 21,946
     Carigara 43,455 2.73 22,165 21,290
     Other municipalities 824,044 51.75 422,120 401,924

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Leyte, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Leyte 1,592,336 811,737 780,599 103.99
     Under 1 42,265 21,814 20,451 106.66
     1 to 4 167,837 86,292 81,545 105.82
     5 to 9 220,136 113,097 107,039 105.66
     10 to 14 204,084 103,962 100,122 103.84
     15 to 19 165,012 86,362 78,650 109.81
     20 to 24 127,448 66,190 61,258 108.05
     25 to 29 107,122 55,040 52,082 105.68
     30 to 34 100,704 51,458 49,246 104.49
     35 to 39 92,884 48,050 44,834 107.17
     40 to 44 82,017 42,253 39,764 106.26
     45 to 49 67,345 34,623 32,722 105.81
     50 to 54 55,977 28,170 27,807 101.31
     55 to 59 45,323 22,356 22,967 97.34
     60 to 64 39,557 18,894 20,663 91.44
     65 to 69 29,186 13,650 15,536 87.86
     70 to 74 21,552 9,707 11,845 81.95
     75 to 79 13,041 5,487 7,554 72.64
     80 & Over 10,846 4,332 6,514 66.50

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Leyte 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Leyte 1,378,568 700,840 677,728
     No Grade Completed 99,952 54,742 45,210
     Pre-School 31,154 15,909 15,245
     Elementary 712,270 377,503 334,767
     High School 313,426 148,523 164,903
     Post Secondary 31,251 15,917 15,334
     College Undergraduate 106,003 50,859 55,144
     Academic Degree Holder 49,084 19,668 29,416
     Post Baccalaureate 5,315 2,202 3,113
     Not Stated 30,113 15,517 14,596

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Leyte, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Leyte 1,588,591 808,913 779,678
     Binisaya/Bisaya 634,500 324,338 310,162
     Waray 597,633 302,097 295,536
     Cebuano 321,663 164,713 156,950
     Tagalog 5,480 2,756 2,724
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 1,744 864 880
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 417 241 176
     Others 10,796 5,488 5,308
     Not Reported 16,358 8,416 7,942

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Leyte, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Leyte 1,162,098 508,748 495,203 54,214 12,474 80,619 10,840
     Below 20 369,096 349,157 6,820 235 323 6,086 6,475
     20 - 24 127,448 80,842 30,630 217 858 13,371 1,530
     25 - 29 107,122 34,548 56,434 468 1,297 13,594 781
     30 - 34 100,704 16,557 69,850 911 1,455 11,413 518
     35 - 39 92,884 9,282 70,675 1,449 1,679 9,452 347
     40 - 44 82,017 5,605 64,521 2,228 1,657 7,781 225
     45 - 49 67,345 3,688 52,987 3,093 1,461 5,940 176
     50 - 54 55,977 2,816 43,071 4,368 1,245 4,330 147
     55 - 59 45,323 1,913 33,503 5,714 888 3,163 142
     60 - 64 39,557 1,518 27,287 7,636 659 2,323 134
     65 - 69 29,186 1,002 18,642 7,591 460 1,401 90
     70 - 74 21,552 768 11,628 7,837 259 960 100
     75 - 79 13,041 571 5,807 5,947 140 486 90
     80 & Over 10,846 481 3,348 6,520 93 319 85

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Leyte, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
Leyte 318,878 170,555 1,067 9,029 3,734 126,174 1,978 6,341
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 65,957 62,562 617 593 111 2,015 20 39
     Wood 91,462 52,438 227 2,015 2,417 33,981 186 198
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
42,113 31,148 132 4,995 308 5,386 46 98
     Galvanized
       Iron/Aluminum
1,291 815 6 197 53 206 6 8
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 103,374 20,357 1 1,057 770 80,431 558 200
     Asbestos 155 80 21 10 2 - - 42
     Glass 47 29 15 1 - - - 2
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
4,193 896 - 70 21 2,059 1,111 36
     Others/Not Reported 10,036 2,093 42 88 43 2,022 30 5,718
     No Walls 250 137 6 3 9 74 21 -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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