Underemployment rate among women at 12.8 percent
Underemployed persons are employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or have a new job with longer working hours. They were estimated at 6.0 million in October 2008. Of this number, 28.1 percent are women (1.7 million). This translates to an underemployment rate (the proportion of underemployed women to total employed women) of 12.8 percent for women. Underemployment rate among men is reported at 20.4 percent.
CAR registers the highest underemployment rate among women
More than half (51.1%) of the total underemployed women are in Luzon, 25.7 percent in Mindanao, and the remaining 23.2 percent in Visayas. The largest number of underemployed women is found in CALABARZON with 192 thousand or an 11.4 percent contribution to the total underemployed women while the lowest percentage is registered in ARMM with 2.5 percent. CALABARZON is followed by Western Visayas and Bicol Region having the most number of underemployed women with 10.3 percent and 9.5 percent, respectively.
Two regions register high underemployment rates among women, with more than 20 percent of the regions’ employed women are underemployed. These are Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) (22.7%) and Bicol Region (21.8%). Meanwhile, the region with the lowest underemployment rate among women is Central Luzon at 4.1 percent. Underemployed women are mostly in the age groups 25 to 54 years Underemployed men are generally younger than underemployed women. Of the total underemployed men, 18.9 percent belong to age group 15 ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â 24 years; 27.8 percent, 25 ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â 34 years; and 25.8 percent, 35 ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â 44 years. Meanwhile, underemployed women are mostly distributed among age groups 25 ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â 34 years (24.2%), 35 ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â 44 years (26.7%), and 45 ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â 54 years (22.5%).
One in every four underemployed women attended or completed college
OneÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Âfourth (25.1%) of underemployed women attended or completed college education while it was 15.9 percent among underemployed men. Almost the same proportions are recorded for underemployed women who attended or finished high school (36.5%) and elementary (36.4%). Among underemployed men, 41.7 percent reached elementary and 40.4 percent, high school.
TwoÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Âthirds of underemployed women are partÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Âtime workers
Two in every three (66.0%) of the total underemployed women are partÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Âtime workers or those who work for less than 40 hours during the reference week, most of them working for less than 20 hours (34.7% of total underemployed women). FullÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Âtime workers or those who work for 40 hours or more comprise 32.5 percent of the total underemployed women. On the average, underemployed women work for about 29 hours while underemployed men, 33 hours.