Women in manufacturing increases in numbers
The manufacturing sector generated almost a million work force (978 thousand) in 2010 based from the result of 2010 Annual survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI). The figure was 3.5 percent higher than 945 thousand in 2009.
Number of female workers in manufacturing also rose in 2010 from 438 thousand in 2009 to 447 thousand in 2010, representing a growth of 2.1 percent. Table 1 shows the number of establishments and employment by sex for manufacturing establishments for all employment sizes by industry group in the Philippines for the year 2010 and 2009.
However, the proportion of females to total employment decreased from 46.4 percent in 2009 to 45.7 percent in 2010. figure 1 shows the proportion of male and female employees in manufacturing in 2010 and 2009.
Fifteen Industries are consistently women dominated
Among the sixty-seven industry groups in manufacturing, industries listed below were consistently dominated by ffemale in 2010 and 2009. The proportion of females was consistently highest at 80.1 percent in 2010 and 82.3 percent in 2009 in manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment and accessories. This was followed by manufacture of consumer electronics recording 79.7 percent in 2010 and 81.5 percent in 2009.
Reproduction of recorded media and manufacture of jewelry, bijouterie and related articles recorded increases their women workforce
Two industries in manufacturing sector became female dominated in 2010. These are:
- Reproduction of recorded media industries, 69.2 percent
- Manufacture of jewelry, bijouterie and related articles, 56.9 percent.
Three industries show reduction in the proportion of women employment
Three manufacturing industries that were previously dominated by female employees in 2009 are now dominated by male employees. These are:
- Processing and preserving of fish, crustaceans and mollusks from 57.5 percent in 2009 to 49.8 percent in 2010
- Manufacture of other electrical equipment from 51.4 percent to 36.0 percent
- Other manufacturing, n.e.c. from 50.7 percent to 48.6 percent in 2010.