Use of family planning (FP) method is lower among women in poor households than those in non-poor households (43.1 percent versus 51.3 percent), according to the results of the 2011 Family Health Survey (FHS). The difference is mainly due to the lower prevalence rate for modern methods among poor women (31.8 percent) than non-poor women (38.9 percent). The most significant difference is on the use of female sterilization. The survey findings reveal that 5.2 percent of poor women as compared to 10.0 percent of non-poor women use female sterilization (Table 1).
The pill remains the most preferred method of contraception for both poor and non-poor women. It is used by 18.7 percent of poor women and 20.3 percent of non-poor women. The next most commonly used method is ligation or female sterilization. IUD, a less popular FP method, is more preferred by poor women (3.6 percent) than non-poor women (2.8 percent).
The 2011 FHS shows a significant shift in sources of pills from the public sector to the private sector. The public sector provided most recent supply of pills to only 32.0 percent of poor women in 2011 compared to 55.4 percent in 2006, as revealed by the Family Planning Survey conducted in that year. In contrast, the private sector provided supply of pills to 64.0 percent of poor women in 2011 compared to 43.5 percent in 2006. Among non-poor women, 80.1 percent obtained their supply of pills from the private sector in 2011 compared to 63.8 percent in 2006 (Table 2).
Currently married women in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao have the lowest use of contraceptive methods, 19.1 percent for modern FP methods and 4.4 percent for traditional methods (Table 3).
The practice of FP is influenced by the woman's age and education. Contraceptive use is higher among married women aged 20 to 44 years than among women 15 to 19 and 45 to 49 years of age. Very young married women, that is, those aged 15 to 19 are the least likely to practice FP. Married women with some elementary education are less likely to practice FP than women with higher level of education. Those with no education are the least likely to practice it. Two out of 10 women with no grade completed, and four out of 10 with some elementary education practice FP. By comparison, at least five out of 10 women with higher level of education practice FP.
The 2011 FHS is a nationally representative survey of about 53,000 households. From these households, about 53,000 women age 15-49 years were successfully interviewed.
These are some of the major findings from the 2011 FHS. Other important findings will be presented during the Data Dissemination Forum on the results of the 2011 FHS on June 19, 2012.
|(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Source: 2006 Family Planning Survey and 2011 Family Health Survey
Household Statistics Department
National Statistics Office