Daily Per Capita Food Supply of Calories Decreased in 2019

Reference Number: 2020-423
Release Date:18 December 2020

The Food Balance Sheet (FBS), compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), is an aggregated and analytical data set that presents a comprehensive picture of the pattern of a country’s food supply during a specified reference period. It provides estimates of per capita food available for human consumption in terms of quantity, calories, protein, and fat contents.

The per capita supply of calories from the aggregated food products was recorded at 2,424.15 kilocalories per day in 2019. This was -3.2 percent lower than the previous year’s level.  For cereals (excluding beer), the daily per capita calorie supply was 1,476.79 kilocalories or an increase of 3.8 percent this year.  Cereals continued to be the major source of calories which accounted for 60.9 percent of the total daily per capita food supply of calories.

In 2019, the daily per capita food supply of protein went up to 81.75 grams or by 1.8 percent. Cereals (excluding beer), meat, and fish and seafood had the biggest shares in the total daily per capita food supply of protein with 39.9 percent, 22.1 percent, and 20.5 percent, respectively.

The per capita food supply of fats per day at 52.64 grams per day in 2019 was down by -13.4 percent, from the 60.80 grams per day in 2018.  The major sources of fats were from oilcrops with 31.6 percent, meat with 23.0 percent, and animal fats with 9.8 percent.

Self-Sufficiency Ratio (SSR)
The country’s self-sufficiency ratio (SSR) for the aggregated food products was recorded at 81.3 percent in 2019. This means that 81.3 percent of the total food supply was sourced from domestic production.

Import Dependency Ratio (IDR)
The import dependency ratio (IDR) for food was recorded at 29.0 percent in 2019. This indicates that 29.0 percent of the country’s total supply of food came from imports.


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