PREVIOUS RELEASE

Monthly Integrated Survey of Selected Industries : December 1999

Release Date:
February 28, 2000

 

The volume of production index (VoPI) in Manufacturing for the whole year 1999 registered a year-on-year growth of 3.1 percent in contrast to the 11.6 percent decline posted for 1998.

 
Transport Equipment Top Performer in 1999

Transport equipment was the top performer among the sectors registering a year-on-year overall growth of 18.3 percent in its VoPI.

Other sectors that boosted manufacturing in 1999 were food manufacturing (14.9%), tobacco (11.4%), electrical machinery (8.5%), chemicals & plastic products (6.1%), miscellaneous manufactures (4.7%), rubber products (4.1%), and furniture & fixtures (0.3%).

On the other hand, sectors that did not perform well were basic metals (-25.6%), textile (-22.2%), non-metallic mineral products (-20.8%), wearing apparel (-19.5%), wood & wood products (-12.3%), paper & paper products (-10.2%), beverage (-9.1%) and petroleum products (-6.1%).

 
Production Bounces Back in December 1999

December 1999 production in manufacturing recorded 24.7 percent and 15.6 percent year-on-year growths in the value and volume of production according to the preliminary results of the Monthly Integrated Survey of Selected Industries (MISSI). Comparative November figures were declines of 1.4 percent and 7.5 percent respectively.

 
Average Capacity Utilization Improves

Average capacity utilization in December 1999 for manufacturing was 79.4 percent, up by 2.2 percentage points from 77.2 percent last year. Twelve out of 16 sectors showed increases in their capacity utilization rate as compared to the same month last year.

 
Value of Production

In December 1999, the value of production index (VaPI) of 532.7 increased by 24.7 percent from 427.1 in December 1998. Year-on-year increases were observed in 11 out of 16 major sectors (See Annex 1-A). Double digit increases were shown in the following sectors: transport equipment (49.9%), rubber products (45.4%), other manufacturing (41.9%), tobacco (44.1%), electrical machinery (39.8%), petroleum refineries (32.3%), paper &am p; paper products (32.5%), furniture & fixtures (27.1%), food manufacturing (22.6%), and beverage (11.1%).

On the other hand, sectors that decreased were basic metals (-45.0%), wood & wood products (-31.9%), textile (-10.1%), wearing apparel (-6.7%) and non-metallic mineral products (-3.2%).

 
Volume of Production

The volume of production index (VoPI) for total manufacturing grew by 15.6 percent to 145.7 from 126.0 of the same month last year. Ten out of 16 sectors posted year-on year increases led by other manufacturing with 54.3 percent (See Annex 1-B). Other sectors which contributed to the positive performance were tobacco (47.2%), transport equipment (44.8%), electrical machinery (34.7%), food manufacturing (27.2%), rubber products (25.5%), f urniture & fixtures (23.6%), paper & paper products (12.7%), chemicals (1.9%) and petroleum refineries (0.2%). The improvements in these sectors can be attributed to resumption of operations of some establishments and improved demand of these products for the local and export markets.

On the other hand, sectors with decreased volumes of production were basic metals (-46.2%), wood & wood products (-30.7%), textile (-23.0%), non-metallic mineral (-21.9%), wearing apparel (-12.8%) and beverage (-4.4%). Decreases in these sectors can be attributed to low demand for these products and some labor problems which led to partial shutdown of machines.

 
Value of Net Sales

The value of net sales for December 1999 increased by 23.4 percent compared to last year. Twelve out of 16 sectors posted increases led by petroleum products with a year-on-year growth of 67.1 percent (See Annex 2-A). Other sectors that recorded double-digit increases were miscellaneous manufactures (73.1%), beverages (31.8%), paper & paper products (31.0%), transport equipment (27.0%), food manufacturing (21.3%), electrical machine ry (21.2%), non-metallic mineral products (18.8%), and chemicals (17.0%).

On the other hand, basic metals had the biggest decline of 21.7 percent. Other sectors with lower values of net sales were textile (-10.6%), wearing apparel (-9.3%) and furniture & fixtures (-1.5%).

 
Volume of Net Sales

The volume of net sales for December 1999 increased by 12.1 percent over the same month last year. Increases were observed in 11 out of 16 sectors led by petroleum products which increased by 26.6 percent (See Annex 2-B). Other sectors that posted double-digit year-on-year growths were miscellaneous manufactures (88.2%), food manufacturing (25.8%), transport equipment (22.7%), electrical machinery (16.8%), paper & paper products (11.4% ), beverage (13.4%) and chemicals (10.4%).

On the other hand, decreases were observed in 5 out of 16 sectors led by textile which decreased by 23.5 percent. Other sectors that declined were basic metals (-20.9%), wearing apparel (-15.3%), rubber products (-7.2%), and furniture & fixtures (-4.2%).

 
Capacity Utilization

The proportion of responding establishments that operated below 70 percent capacity was 42.0 percent in December 1999, which was slightly higher by 1.1 percentage points to the 40.9 percent in December 1998. Also, about 16.1 percent operated at full capacity (90%-100%) compared to 15.4 percent a year ago.

The December 1999 average capacity utilization rate for manufacturing was estimated at 79.4 percent, which was up by 2.2 percentage points to the 77.2 percent last year (See Annex 3A). Of the 16 major sectors, twelve sectors posted higher capacity utilization rates as compared to a year ago. Electrical machinery had the highest capacity utilization rate at 89.4 percent. Other sectors with more than 80 percent capacity utilization were petroleum refineries (84 .8%),%), paper & paper products (83.7%), chemicals (82.6%), non-metallic mineral (81.0%), miscellaneous manufactures (80.7%), and furniture &fixtures (80.5%).

Capacity utilization is defined as the ratio of output to the maximum rated capacity of the plant.

 
Response Rate

These results were based on the response of 432 sample establishments, which comprised 78.1 percent of the total number of establishments covered by the survey.

 

 

 

 

ANNEX 1-A

VALUE OF PRODUCTION INDEX (DECEMBER 1999)
YEAR-ON-YEAR GROWTH (%)
December Novemberr
GAINERS
Petroleum Refineries
Food Manufacturing
Electrical Machinery
Transport Equipment
Paper & Paper Products
Chemicals
Rubber Products
Beverage
Other Manufacturing
Furniture & Fixtures
Tobacco
 
32.3
22.6
39.8
49.9
32.5
7.9
45.4
11.1
41.9
27.1
44.1
 
16.2
1.6
-23.4
49.9
35.5
27.4
34.7
-1.5
14.2
17.2
32.7
LOSERS
Basic Metals
Wood & Wood Products
Textile
Wearing Apparel
Non-Metallic Mineral
 
-45.0
-31.9
-10.1
-6.7
-3.2
 
-52.8
-18.4
-20.3
-29.9
-0.1
 
MONTH-ON-MONTH
 
   
GAINERS
Electrical Machinery
Food Manufacturing
Basic Metals
Petroleum Refineries
Wearing Apparel
Beverage
Other Manufacturing
Tobacco
 
65.0
20.7
12.7
13.0
35.5
21.2
8.6
1.5
 
-40.5
-2.4
-30.7
-10.5
-11.4
4.7
1.5
-0.3
LOSERS
Chemicals
Textile
Transport Equipment
Paper & Paper Products
Non-Metallic Mineral
Wood & Wood Products
Rubber Products
Furniture & Fixtures
 
-12.8
-11.5
-13.0
-12.5
-8.8
-8.2
-4.0
-3.2
 
19.0
-17.4
-7.9
7.6
-6.0
-8.7
4.1
45.3

Note: Sectors are ranked according to their contribution to the overall December 1999 growth rate.
r - revised due to updating of data from late responding establishments.

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEX 1-B

VOLUME OF PRODUCTION INDEX (DECEMBER 1999)
YEAR-ON-YEAR GROWTH (%)
December Novemberr
GAINERS
Food Manufacturing
Electrical Machinery
Transport Equipment
Paper & Paper Products
Rubber Products
Other Manufacturing
Chemicals
Furniture & Fixtures
Tobacco
Petroleum Refineries
 
27.2
34.7
44.8
12.7
25.5
54.3
1.9
23.6
47.2
0.2
 
5.7
-23.7
44.2
15.7
15.1
23.3
21.7
14.0
35.7
-9.7
LOSERS
Basic Metals
Textile
Wood & Wood Products
Wearing Apparel
Non-Metallic Mineral
Beverage
 
-46.2
-23.0
-30.7
-12.8
-21.9
-4.4
 
-53.1
-33.6
-17.1
-35.2
-14.8
-14.9
 
MONTH-ON-MONTH
 
   
GAINERS
Electrical Machinery
Food Manufacturing
Petroleum Refineries
Wearing Apparel
Basic Metals
Beverage
Other Manufacturing
Tobacco
 
64.9
20.6
13.2
35.4
12.8
20.3
7.2
1.5
 
-41.2
-2.6
-13.5
-13.4
-31.3
5.5
1.8
-0.3
LOSERS
Chemicals
Textile
Transport Equipment
Paper & Paper Products
Wood & Wood Products
Non-Metallic Mineral
Rubber Products
Furniture & Fixtures
 
-13.7
-10.9
-12.8
-12.5
-8.2
-5.2
-4.0
-3.2
 
18.1
-17.1
-8.2
7.3
-8.7
-6.8
4.2
45.3

Note: Sectors are ranked according to their contribution to the overall December 1999 growth rate.
r - revised due to updating of data from late responding establishments.

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEX 2-A

NET SALES VALUE (DECEMBER 1999)
YEAR-ON-YEAR GROWTH (%)
December Novemberr
GAINERS
Petroleum Products
Food Manufacturing
Electrical Machinery
Chemicals
Paper & paper products
Transport equipment
Beverages
Non-metallic mineral products
Miscellaneous Manufacturer
Wood & wood products
Rubber products
Tobacco
 
67.1
21.3
21.2
17.0
31.0
27.0
31.8
18.8
73.1
6.4
7.5
5.0
 
47.4
15.9
26.2
15.3
20.2
16.5
15.4
38.5
37.1
-1.6
-7.7
-19.9
LOSERS
Basic metals
Wearing Apparel
Textile
Furniture & Fixtures
 
-21.7
-9.3
-10.6
-1.5
 
-29.3
5.4
-9.1
31.0
 
MONTH-ON-MONTH
 
   
GAINERS
Petroleum Products
Basic metals
Beverages
Food Manufacturing
Wearing Apparel
Transport equipment
Miscellaneous Manufacturer
Tobacco
 
14.9
24.5
32.6
1.3
3.4
3.4
15.1
22.5
 
-7.2
-2.8
3.7
11.3
-7.5
-13.9
46.0
0.6
LOSERS
Wood & wood products
Electrical Machinery
Non-metallic mineral products
Rubber products
Furniture & Fixtures
Textile
Paper & paper products
Chemicals
 
-11.6
-7.8
-8.7
-19.9
-24.7
-2.4
-3.1
-0.5
 
-5.0
-23.0
-1.0
1.4
35.0
-7.8
13.0
-4.0

Note: Sectors are ranked according to their contribution to the overall December 1999 growth rate.

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEX 2-B

NET SALES VOLUME (DECEMBER 1999)
YEAR-ON-YEAR GROWTH (%)
December November
GAINERS
Petroleum Products
Food Manufacturing
Electrical Machinery
Transport equipment
Chemicals
Paper & paper products
Miscellaneous Manufacturer
Wood & wood products
Beverages
Non-metallic mineral products
Tobacco
 
26.6
25.8
16.8
22.7
10.4
11.4
88.2
8.1
13.4
3.6
7.3
 
14.5
20.8
25.7
12.1
10.1
2.6
48.3
0.0
-1.0
20.8
-18.1
LOSERS
Basic metals
Textile
Wearing Apparel
Rubber products
Furniture & Fixtures
 
-20.9
-23.5
-15.3
-7.2
-4.2
 
-26.6
-24.4
-2.6
-21.1
27.4
 
MONTH-ON-MONTH
 
   
GAINERS
Petroleum Products
Basic metals
Beverages
Food Manufacturing
Wearing Apparel
Transport equipment
Miscellaneous Manufacturer
Tobacco
 
15.1
26.0
31.7
1.2
3.3
3.6
13.5
22.5
 
-10.4
-2.4
3.7
11.2
-9.5
-14.2
46.7
0.6
LOSERS
Electrical Machinery
Wood & wood products
Non-metallic mineral products
Rubber products
Furniture & Fixtures
Chemicals
Paper & paper products
Textile
 
-7.8
-11.6
-8.7
-19.8
-24.7
-1.4
-3.1
-1.8
 
-23.8
-5.0
-1.0
1.4
35.0
-4.7
12.6
-7.4

Note: Sectors are ranked according to their contribution to the overall December 1999 growth rate.

 

 

 

 

 

ANNEX 3-A
Distribution of Key Enterprise by Capacity Utilization
(In percent)

Capacity
Utilization
1998
DEC
JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN 1999
JUL
AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Below 50 %
50 - 59 %
60 - 69 %
70 - 79 %
80 - 89 %
90 - 100 %
12.5
12.5
15.9
20.3
23.5
15.4
12.3
12.3
15.3
21.9
21.6
16.8
13.8
11.6
16.4
22.6
22.0
13.5
14.3
10.6
14.3
22.1
22.6
16.0
14.4
10.6
17.1
22.6
20.6
14.7
12.8
10.8
14.8
22.8
22.5
16.2
22.5
9.0
13.3
19.0
21.0
15.3
21.6
8.8
13.3
19.9
20.6
15.7
23.0
10.1
12.6
22.0
19.3
13.1
28.3
8.0
12.4
20.1
17.1
14.1
30.2
5.8
14.5
18.4
16.9
14.3
16.5
9.8
16.8
21.8
18.7
16.5
16.7
8.9
16.4
22.5
19.3
16.1

 

 

 

ANNEX 3-B

 

Average Capacity Utilization by Major Sector

SECTOR AVERAGE CU
  Dec'99 Dec'98 Nov'99 Nov'98

MANUFACTURING 79.36 77.19 77.11 77.13
A. FOOD MANUFACTURING 76.71 71.50 75.43 71.28
B. BEVERAGE 75.08 73.74 67.99 76.24
C. TOBACCO 79.28 78.45 79.27 79.40
D. TEXTILE 71.08 78.83 76.91 79.74
E. WEARING APPAREL 76.58 86.96 64.90 79.70
F. WOOD & WOOD PRODUCTS 74.35 77.12 72.27 67.58
G. FURNITURE & FIXTURES 80.53 75.91 87.19 58.55
H. PAPER & PAPER PRODUCTS 83.65 77.62 83.87 76.09
I. CHEMICALS 82.60 78.83 78.47 80.66
J. RUBBER PRODUCTS 79.60 67.65 78.99 79.87
K. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 84.82 82.26 85.00 84.43
L. NON-METALLIC MINERAL PROD 81.04 76.20 83.61 77.34
M. BASIC METALS 63.69 69.48 59.26 64.66
N. TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT 75.60 57.12 78.82 63.08
O. ELECTRICAL MACHINERY 89.37 85.93 80.70 87.01
P. MISC. MANUFACTURES 80.71 77.79 81.87 76.37

 

ANNEX 4

Percentage Changes in Production and Net Sales of
Key Enterprises: December 1998 - December 1999


  1998 1999
ITEM DEC JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC

Year-on-Year Change
Production
  Value 
  Volume 
Net Sales
  Value
  Volume

-8.7r
-14.2r

-5.2
-6.0

-4.0r
-6.0r

-12.2
-19.0

-0.6r
-2.2r

-11.1
-13.8

9.2r
5.5r

-1.7
-4.9

9.3r
4.9r

2.1
1.4

8.6r
4.6r

-1.3
-4.4

3.1r
-1.4r

2.0
-3.0

2.0r
-2.5r

3.1
-5.8

20.3r
13.8r

1.4
-4.8

11.2r
4.6r

20.1
11.9

17.1r
9.8r

22.9
13.5

-1.4 
-7.5 

18.2
8.9

24.7 
15.6 

23.4
12.1

Month-on-Month Change
Production
  Value 
  Volume 
Net Sales
  Value
  Volume

-5.6r
-4.4r

1.9
1.5

4.7r
3.8r

-2.7
-10.2

7.6r
6.9r

31.3
33.9

11.3r
11.0r

8.0
2.9

-12.0r
-13.0r

-6.6
-3.9

4.5r
4.2r

7.0
6.4

4.2r
3.1r

3.7
0.6

-4.5r
-4.6r

2.5
-0.3

13.5r
12.4r

-2.8
-3.9

-2.5r
-3.6r

12.6
11.1

0.0r
-0.6r

1.6
1.1

-17.8 
-18.3 

-2.9
-3.8

19.4 
19.4 

3.9
3.9


r - revised due to updating of data from late responding establishments.


Source: National Statistics Office
Manila, Philippines

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