What are the indicators used to measure the attainment of MDGs?

The United Nations Secretariat, specialized agencies of the UN system, and representatives of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) as well as international experts identified and selected the 60 MDG indicators.
The millennium indicators for each goal are as follows:
Goal 1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
  • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
  • Poverty gap ratio
  • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
  • Employment-to-population ratio
  • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
  • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  • Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years of age
  • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption


Goal 2. Achieve Universal Primary Education

  • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
  • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5
  • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds
Goal 3. Promote Gender Equality And Empower Women
  • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
  • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
Goal 4. Reduce Child Mortality
  • Under-five mortality rate
  • Infant mortality rate
  • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunized against measles
Goal 5. Improve Maternal Health
  • Maternal mortality ratio
  • Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
  • Contraceptive prevalence rate
  • Adolescent birth rate
  • Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits)
  • Unmet need for family planning
Goal 6. Combat HIV/Aids, Malaria and Other Diseases
  • HIV prevalence among 15-24 year old pregnant women
  • Condom use at last high-risk sex
  • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
  • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 
  • 10-14 years
  • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
  • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
  • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated 
  • with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
  • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
  • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed 
  • treatment short course
Goal 7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
  • Proportion of land area covered by forest
  • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
  • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
  • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
  • Proportion of total water resources used 
  • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  • Proportion of species threatened with extinction
  • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
  • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  • Proportion of urban population living in slums
Goal 8. Develop A Global Partnership For Development
  • Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income
  • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
  • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
  • ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes
  • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
  • Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty
  • Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products 
  • and textiles and clothing from developing countries
  • Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product
  • Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity
  • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and 
  • number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
  • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
  • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  • Telephone lines per 100 population
  • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
  • Internet users per 100 population