Glossary of Terms

Neonatal mortality rate

The number of deaths within the first month of life per 1,000 live births.

Reference: NDHS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


Number of new smear-positive tuberculosis cases cured

The number of new smear-positive cases who have completed treatment and are smear-negative in the last month of treatment and on at least one previous occasion in the continuation phase.

Reference: DOH

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


Number of smear-positive tuberculosis retreatment cases who were cured

The number of smear-positive retreatment cases who have completed treatment and are smear-negative in the last month of treatment and on at least one previous occasion in the continuation phase.

Reference: DOH

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


Nutritional Status

The condition of the body resulting from the intake, absorption, and utilization of food

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Obese

A condition where a person’s weight is much greater than that of a normal person of the same height (for adults), with BMI of greater than or equal to 30.0 kg/m2

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Overweight

A condition where a person’s weight is greater than that of a normal person of the same age (in case of adolescents) or height (in case of adults), with BMI of more than P85 (85th percentile) for adolescents or between 25 and 30 kg/m2 for adults

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Per Capita Food Consumption

The ratio of household food consumption over the food consumption unit, wherein actual food consumption refers to a whole day’s consumption of all household members and visitors, while consumption unit refers to the household size adjusted by the number of meals eaten outside by the household members and the number of meals shared by visitors

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age

The number of children aged 0-59 months whose weights for age are less than two standard deviations below the median weight for age of the World Health Organization-Child Growth Standards (WHO-CGS) in a given time period expressed as a percentage of all children aged 0-59 months who were weighed in the same time period.

Notes: This is indicator no. 1.8 in the official UNSD list of MDG indicators and is also one of the indicators currently being monitored in the Philippines. The World Health Organization (WHO) released the WHO-CGS in 2006 to replace the old reference previously developed by the US National Center for Health Statistics. Based on a study conducted by the NNC, the NNC Governing Board recognized that the WHO-CGS is a technically robust tool for measuring, evaluating, and monitoring the growth of young Filipino children and approved its adoption through Resolution No. 2008-2, issued on 27 June 2008. The adoption of the WHO-CGS as a tool for generating statistics on the nutritional status of children 0-5 years old was presented to and approved by the NSCB Executive Board in its 2nd quarter meeting on 1st June 2012. The standard deviation (SD and represented by the symbol σ) shows how much variation or "dispersion" exists from the middle-most score. Z-score (or SD-score) = (observed value - median value of the reference population) / standard deviation value of reference population. The use of -2 Z-scores as a cut-off implies that 2.3% of the reference population will be classified as malnourished even if they are truly "healthy" individuals with no growth impairment.

Reference: FNRI, 2012

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Prevalence Proportion

the total number of persons who have an attribute or disease at a particular point in time divided by the size of the population at risk of having the attribute or disease at this point in time (or midway through the period), usually expressed as the number of cases per 100,000 persons.

Notes: This is the operational definition. It is commonly used even by international organizations in lieu of a more technically correct definition which is often not supported by readily-available data. Also, prevalence ratio or what is commonly known as prevalence rate. When prevalence is used to mean prevalence proportion at a point in time, then calling it a prevalence rate is technically wrong.

Reference: 2006 IACHNS
 
Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006
approved: 5/22/2006

Prevalence rates associated with malaria

The number of cases of malaria per 100,000 population. Notes: Also known as malaria morbidity rate

Reference: UN DOH-FHSIS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


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