Glossary of Terms

Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected under directly observed treatment short course (DOTS)

The number of new infectious tuberculosis cases detected under the internationally recommended tuberculosis control strategy DOTS as a percentage of all tuberculosis cases.

Notes: Also known as tuberculosis detection rate under DOTS

Reference: UN

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


Proportion of women immunized with tetanus toxoid (TT2) during pregnancy

The number of pregnant women considered adequately immunized against tetanus as a percentage of all pregnant women.

Notes: A pregnant woman is considered adequately immunized against tetanus when she has received at least two doses of tetanus toxoid during pregnancy. Since the number of pregnant women is generally not available, the number of live births is used as the denominator.

Reference: WHO DOH-FHSIS

Board Resolution:  Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


Protein Energy Malnutrition

A condition arising from inadequate intake of food rich in energy and protein, characterized by marked weight loss and failure to grow

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Skilled health personnel

Accredited health professionals, such as midwives, doctors, and nurses, who have been educated and trained to proficiency in the skills needed to manage normal (uncomplicated) pregnancies, childbirth, and the immediate postnatal period, and in the identification, management, and referral of complications in women and newborns.

Notes: Traditional birth attendants, whether trained or not, are not considered as skilled health personnel.

Reference: DOH-FHSIS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 19 - Series of 2009 approved: 11/11/2009


Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR)

the probability of dying between birth and age five, expressed as the number of deaths below age five per 1,000 live births during a given period

Reference: 2006 IACHNS
 
Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006
approved: 5/22/2006
 

Underheight or Stunted

A condition where the child’s height is lower than that of a normal person of the same age and is measured using height-for-age as the index Notes: It indicates chronic or long-standing malnutrition.

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Undernutrition

An abnormal state resulting from the consumption of an inadequate quantity of food over an extended period of time.

Notes: It is manifested by underweight, stunting, and, in the case of children, growth retardation and clinical signs of marasmus or kwashiorkor.

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution:  Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Underweight

A condition where the child’s weight is lower than that of a normal person of the same age and is measured using weight-for-age as the index

Notes: It indicates current malnutrition.

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution:  Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Underweight or Chronic Energy Deficient (CED)

A condition of the body characterized by low body weight and low energy stores and possibly limited physical capacity due to deprivation of food over a long period of time, with BMI of less than P5 (5th percentile) for adolescents or less than 18.5 kg/m2 for adults

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Unmet need for family planning (%)

The number of fecund women who are married or in consensual unions, and who either do not want any more children or want to delay the next child, but are not using any method of family planning expressed as a percentage of all women who are married or in a consensual union

Notes: This is indicator no. 5.6 in the official UNSD list of MDG indicators and is also one fo the indicators currently being monitored in the Philippines

Reference: UNSD, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


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