Glossary of Terms

Vital statistics

Records of vital events from civil registration, which involve the continuous gathering of information on all relevant vital events occurring within the boundaries of a country.

Reference: UNSD, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD)

A condition that covers all physiological disturbances caused by low vitamin A level, including subclinical and clinical signs and symptoms which is reflected using the plasma retinol level

Notes: Latest WHO/ UNICEF/ HKI/IVACG standards for plasma retinol level is for 1972; age groups covered include 6 mos.– 5 years old, pregnant and lactating women

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Wasting or Thin

A condition where the child’s weight is lower relative to his/her height or length than that of a normal child and is measured using weight-for-height as the index

Notes: It indicates severe, acute or chronic malnutrition

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Weight-for-Age

The simplest and most common indicator for the assessment of growth of children 0-10 years old which compares the weight of each child to a standard or reference weight-for-age

Notes: The indicator is useful for rapid screening because it combines both acute and chronic malnutrition.

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Weight-for-Height or Weight-for-Length

An index for the assessment of growth of children 0-10 years old which compares the weight of each child to the weight of a reference population of the same height or length

Notes: It is an expression of leanness or wasting (acute malnutrition) and can distinguish those who are well proportioned from those who are thin (or heavy) for their height (or length).

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution:  Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


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