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Misamis Occidental: Growth Rate Down to 1.27 Percent (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 2002-030
Release Date: 18 March 2002

 

Population growth rate down to 1.27 percent

The province of Misamis Occidental registered a total population of 486,723 persons in the year 2000 from 458,965 in 1995. This figure translated to an annual growth rate of 1.27 percent, a decrease of 0.21 percentage point from the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households was recorded at 99,901, higher by 8,491 households from 1995. This gave an average household size of 4.86 persons, a slight decrease from the 1995 (5.01) and national average (five persons).

Ozamis City was the largest in terms of population size

Among the fourteen municipalities and three cities in Misamis Occidental, Ozamis City was the largest in terms of population size which comprised 22.69 percent of the total provincial population. This was followed by its capital Oroquieta City and Tangub City with 12.30 and 10.21 percent, respectively. The two municipalities with negative growth rate were Panaon (-3.18 percent) and Sapang Dalaga (-3.57 percent). The municipality of Concepcion was the fastest growing area in terms of population with a growth rate of 7.06 percent.

Misamis Occidental ranked third in Northern Mindanao

Among the four provinces (Bukidnon, Camiguin, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental) and one highly urbanized city (Cagayan de Oro City) in Northern Mindanao (Region X). Misamis Occidental ranked third in terms of population size contributing 17.7 percent to the 2.7 million population of the region. At the national level, Misamis Occidental shared 0.64 percent to the Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Half of the population were below 22 years old

In 2000, Misamis Occidental had a median age of 22 years, higher than the 1995 figure of 21 years. The 0 to 14 age group made up 35.81 percent of the population while those aged 65 years and above comprised 5.06 percent. Thus, the economically active population aged 15 to 64 years, was 59.13 percent of the total population in Misamis Occidental. Male population slightly outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 101.8 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 44 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age group 45 years and over.

About two dependents for every three economically active persons in Misamis Occidental

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 69. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 69 dependents (61 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 8 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower than the 71.58 ratio reported in 1995.

Degree holders were predominantly females

Of the total household population five years old and over, 44.49 percent had attended or completed elementary education. Three out of ten persons (28.17 percent) had either attended or finished high school while 10.28 percent had attended college education. Almost four percent were academic degree holders. More than half of those who had attended or finished elementary education (53.14 percent) were males. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished high school, college, and post baccalaureate were predominantly females. About three out of five academic degree holders were females.

About 42 percent of the population classified themselves as Bisaya/Binisaya

About 41.78 percent of the household population in Misamis Occidental classified themselves as Bisaya/Binisaya. About two out of five persons considered themselves as Cebuano. Other ethnic groups included Boholano (9.63 percent) and Subanen/Subaben (4.38 percent).

Common - Law/Live-in arrangements up by 3.0 percent

Less than half (42.95 percent) of those who were 10 years old and over were single, while 45.81 percent were married. Those with common-law/live-in arrangement increased from 0.94 percent in 1995 to 3.94 percent in 2000. The remaining 7.3 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated or with unknown marital status.

Majority of the housing units were occupied

There were 98,492 housing units in Misamis Occidental, of which 98,455 were occupied. This registered an increase of 24.6 percentage points from 1990 and recorded a ratio of 1.01 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 4.94 persons per occupied housing unit. Almost all (94.9 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. About three out of five (63.99 percent) occupied housing units needed no repair/minor repair. About 30 percent were relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000).

More than half of the housing units had roof made of galvanized iron

As to the construction materials used for housing units, more than half (60.99 percent) of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum as compared to only 33.47 percent in 1990. Moreover, occupied housing units with walls made of wood were registered at 45.52 percent.

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Misamis Occidental

Misamis Occidental occupies a bend of the Zamboanga peninsula that stands sentinel to the long, narrow Panguil Bay.

Misamis takes its name from an old settlement at the mouth of the Panguil Bay once populated by the Subanun. Misamis is believed derived from the term kuyamis, a term for a sweet variety of coconut. However, as a result of continued raids by Moros from Lanao, the Subanuns retreated into the interior and Visayan and Bukidnon settlers occupied the coast. Misamis was once part of the province of Cebu until it was made into a separate corregimiento in the late 18th century. By 1818, Misamis was organized as a province covering the region from Dapitan in the west, up to Gingoog in the east and as far as Cotabato and Lanao del Sur in the south.

For most of the 17th and 18th centuries, Misamis remained vulnerable to the Moro slave raiders. Forts were constructed, the principal ones being in Misamis (Fort Santiago), Iligan and Cagayan. The population of Misamis gradually increased during the 19th century due largely to the influx of settlers from Cebu and Bohol.

In 1917, following the organization on of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, the province of Misamis lost the territory of Iligan to the province of Lanao. In 1929, the Philippine Legislature passed Act. No. 3537 creating the provinces of Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by City/Municipality and Sex : Misamis Occidental, 2000

City/Municipality Total Population Percent Male Female
Misamis Occidental 486,723 100.00 245,555 241,168
     Oroquieta City 59,843 12.30 30,117 29,726
     Ozamis City 110,420 22.69 54,986 55,434
     Tangub City 49,695 10.21 25,104 24,591
     Aloran 23,127 4.75 11,778 11,349
     Baliangao 14,552 2.99 7,405 7,147
     Bonifacio 27,810 5.71 14,151 13,659
     Calamba 17,594 3.61 8,980 8,614
     Clarin 29,712 6.10 14,828 14,884
     Concepcion 6,900 1.42 3,495 3,405
     Don. V. Chiongbian 9,319 1.91 4,811 4,508
     Jimenez 23,212 4.77 11,685 11,527
     Lopez Jaena 20,948 4.30 10,651 1,297
     Panaon 7,441 1.53 3,820 3,621
     Plaridel 29,279 6.02 14,682 14,597
     Sapang Dalaga 17,794 3.66 9,148 8,646
     Sinacaban 16,030 3.29 8,299 7,731
     Tudela 23,047 4.74 11,615 11,432

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Misamis Occidental, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Misamis Occidental 486,723 245,555 241,168 101.8
     Under 1 11,250 5,734 5,516 104.0
     1 to 4 45,541 23,370 22,171 105.4
     5 to 9 59,930 30,830 29,100 105.9
     10 to 14 57,601 29,156 28,445 102.5
     15 to 19 49,608 25,195 24,413 103.2
     20 to 24 42,007 21,567 20,440 105.5
     25 to 29 35,897 18,314 17,583 104.2
     30 to 34 34,202 17,504 16,698 104.8
     35 to 39 30,731 15,666 15,065 104.0
     40 to 44 26,641 13,456 13,185 102.1
     45 to 49 21,985 10,958 11,027 99.4
     50 to 54 17,942 8,857 9,085 97.5
     55 to 59 15,260 7,448 7,812 95.3
     60 to 64 13,479 6,384 7,095 90.0
     65 to 69 9,748 4,562 5,186 88.0
     70 to 74 6,687 3,095 3,592 86.2
     75 to 79 4,175 1,813 2,362 76.8
     80 & Over 4,039 1,646 2,393 68.8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Misamis Occ., 2000

Highest Educational Attainment 5 Years Old & Over Male Female
Misamis Occidental 429,204 216,027 213,177
     No Grade Completed 19,425 10,179 9,246
     Pre-School 10,759 5,522 5,237
     Elementary 190,955 101,475 89,480
     High School 120,895 58,485 62,411
     Post Secondary 14,786 7,480 7,306
     College Undergraduate 44,107 20,713 23,394
     Academic Degree Holder 16,358 6,395 9,963
     Post Baccalaureate 2,447 989 1,458
     Not Stated 9,472 4,790 4,682

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Misamis Occidental, 2000

Age Group Total Population 10 Yrs Old & Over Single Married Widowed Separated Common-Law/Live-in Unknown
Misamis Occidental 370,002 158,908 169,489 18,600 3,679 14,562 4,764
     Below 20 107,209 101,219 2,166 64 76 1,245 2,439
     20 - 24 42,007 28,137 10,689 82 198 2,180 721
     25 - 29 35,897 12,786 19,979 161 340 2,178 453
     30 - 34 34,202 6,172 24,956 377 453 1,967 277
     35 - 39 30,731 3,452 24,287 562 530 1,732 168
     40 - 44 26,641 2,177 21,470 870 526 1,469 129
     45 - 49 21,985 1,461 17,578 1,202 444 1,188 112
     50 - 54 17,642 996 13,982 1,652 378 837 97
     55 - 59 15,260 833 11,463 1 984 283 631 66
     60 - 64 13,479 646 9,499 2,560 210 486 78
     65 - 69 9,748 412 6,344 2,488 128 305 71
     70 - 74 6,687 279 3,762 2,361 62 176 47
     75 - 79 4,175 169 1,993 1,845 30 95 43
     80 & Over 4,039 169 1,321 2,392 21 73 63

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Misamis Occidental, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Misamis Occidental 485,978 245,120 240,858
     Cebuano 191,500 96,292 95,208
     Bisaya/Binisaya 203,041 102,237 100,804
     Boholano 46,820 23,779 23,041
     Subanen/Subaben 21,274 10,912 10,362
     Other Local Ethnicity 2,536 1,294 1,242
     Others 11,823 6,165 5,658
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 114 65 49
     Not Reported 8,870 4,376 4,494

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Households and
Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Misamis Occidental, 2000

Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Unit
Household Household
Population
Ratio of Household & Household Population
Household to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Household
Population to
Occupied
Housing Unit
Misamis Occidental 98,455 99,901 485,978 1.01 4.94
     Single House 93,407 94,550 460,134 1.01 4.93
     Duplex 1,911 1,999 9,525 1.05 4.98
     Multi-Unit Residential 1,614 1,807 8,063 1.12 5.00
     Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 230 239 1,096 1.04 4.77
     Institutional Living Quarters 20 20 97 1.00 4.85
     Other Housing Units 20 20 78 1.00 3.90
     Not Reported 1,253 1,266 6,985 1.01 5.57

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

Infographics

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