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Surigao Del Sur: Population Passed 500 Thousand Mark in Census 2000 (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 2002-027
Release Date: 13 March 2002

Population growth rate increased to 1.35 percent

Surigao del Sur, one of the four provinces comprising the Caraga Region registered a total population of 501,808 persons. This figure translated to an annual growth rate of 1.35 percent, higher by 0.57 percentage point from that of the 1990 to 1995 period. The number of households also rose to 94,028, higher by 5,455 households from the 1995 figure. The average household size was 5.33, higher than the national average of five persons.

Bislig was the biggest municipality

Of the 19 municipalities comprising Surigao del Sur, Bislig contributed the biggest proportion (19.50 percent) to the total provincial population. Tandag, the provincial capital, contributed 8.83 percent. Hinatuan (7.21 percent) and Barobo (6.89 percent) followed. The other municipalities had a share of less than seven percent each. The least populous was Bayabas with 1.54 percent share to the total provincial population.

Surigao del Sur ranked second in Caraga

Among the four provinces comprising the Caraga Region (Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Sur, Surigao del Norte) and one highly urbanized city (Butuan City), Surigao del Sur ranked second in terms of population size contributing 23.95 percent to the 2.1 million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 0.66 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Figure 1

Surigao del Sur had a median age of 19 years

In 2000, Surigao del Sur had a median age of 19 years, higher than the 1995 median age of 18 years.

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 103.94 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 69 years. On the other hand, females dominated their male counterparts in the aged group 70 years and over.

Dependency ratio was 82

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 81.85. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years; there were about 82 dependents (75 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and 7 persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, dependency ratio was recorded at 86.0 percent.

Majority of the Post Baccalaureate Graduates were Females

Of the total household population five years old and over, almost half (49.47 percent) had completed elementary education. Twenty seven percent had finished high school while 7.84 percent finished college. Only 2.91 percent were academic degree holders. Males dominated at the elementary level with 53.32 percent. Females on the other hand, dominated at the high school, college and post baccalaureate levels with 51.91, 52.01 and 60.65 percent, respectively.

Majority of the Post Baccalaureate Graduates were Females

Of the total household population five years old and over, almost half (49.47 percent) had completed elementary education. Twenty seven percent had finished high school while 7.84 percent finished college. Only 2.91 percent were academic degree holders. Males dominated at the elementary level with 53.32 percent. Females on the other hand, dominated at the high school, college and post baccalaureate levels with 51.91, 52.01 and 60.65 percent, respectively.

Majority were Kamayos and Surigaonons

Majority (52.6 percent) of the household population in Surigao del Sur classified themselves as Kamayo (26.4 percent) and Surigaonon (26.3 percent). About 16.3 percent considered themselves as Bisaya/Binisaya, and 12.9 percent as Cebuano. A relatively small percentage classified themselves as Boholano (4.8 percent) or belonged to other ethnic groups (13.1 percent).

Almost half were still single

Almost half of the household population 10 years old and over were single (45.56 percent) while 44.11 percent were married. The remaining ten percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, common law/live-in or with unknown marital status.

Housing unit occupancy rate up by 2.95 percent

The total housing units in Surigao del Sur was 92,593, of which 92,575 were occupied. This registered an increase of 2.95 percentage points from 1990 and recorded a ratio of 1.02 household per occupied housing unit or a ratio of 5.41 persons per occupied housing unit.

Single houses were most preferred

Majority (94.7 percent) of the occupied housing units were single houses. About three out of five housing units needed no repair/minor repair, and 37.7 percent were built from 1996-2000.

More than half of the occupied housing units had roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw

As to the construction materials used for housing units, 54.4 percent of the occupied housing units had roof made of cogon/nipa/anahaw as compared to 65.4 percent in 1990. Majority had wood (70.1 percent) as the construction materials of the outer walls.

 

 

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

SURIGAO DEL SUR

Surigao del Sur was formerly part of Southern Mindanao Region (Region XI). It is bounded on the north by the province of Surigao del Norte, on the west by the province of Agusan del Sur and on the south by the province of Davao Oriental.

The province of Surigao del Sur lies along the Philippine Fault, leaving it vulnerable to earthquakes. The province lies outside the typoon belt but experience continuous rainfall throughout the year. Precipitation is heaviest from November to January.

The administrative capital of the province is Tandag. In 1914, the Americans separated Agusan from Surigao. In 1960, the province of Surigao was divided into Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur by Republic Act No. 2786.

The province was originally inhabited by Mamanwas, Manobos and Tagabaloyes tribes closely related to the Mandayas. Migrants from the Visayas flocked to the province, attracted by stories of gold.

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex: Surigao del Sur, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Surigao del Sur 501,808 100.00 255,753 246,055
    Barobo 34,558 6.89 17,267 16,931
    Bayabas 7,706 1.54 4,002 3,704
    Bislig 97,860 19.50 49,819 48,041
    Carmen 9,551 1.90 4,764 4,787
    Cagwait 18,577 3.70 9,593 8,984
    Cantilan 26,553 5.29 13,455 13,098
    Carrascal 13,157 2.62 6,523 6,634
    Cortes 14,825 2.95 7,461 7,364
    Hinatuan 36,170 7.21 18,504 17,666
    Lanuza 10,057 2.00 5,125 4,932
    Lianga 25,014 4.98 12,757 12,257
    Lingig 26,487 5.28 13,718 12,769
    Madrid 14,066 2.80 6,911 7,155
    Marihatag 16,394 3.27 8,269 8,125
    San Agustin 14,845 2.96 7,566 7,279
    San Miguel 27,883 5.56 14,416 13,467
    Tagbina 34,057 6.79 17,610 16,447
    Tago 29,721 5.92 15,409 14,312
    Tandag 44,327 8.83 22,224 22,103

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Surigao del Sur, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Surigao del Sur 501,808 255,753 246,055 103.94
    Under 1 13,065 6,698 6,367 105.20
    1 to 4 53,301 27,361 25,940 105.48
    5 to 9 71,475 36,231 35,244 102.80
    10 to 14 68,790 34,722 34,068 101.92
    15 to 19 54,345 27,918 26,427 105.64
    20 to 24 38,898 20,068 18,830 106.57
    25 to 29 32,352 16,556 15,796 104.81
    30 to 34 30,888 15,598 15,290 102.01
    35 to 39 29,819 15,334 14,485 105.86
    40 to 44 25,969 13,370 12,599 106.12
    45 to 49 21,250 11,001 10,249 107.34
    50 to 54 16,722 8,537 8,185 104.30
    55 to 59 13,868 7,128 6,740 105.76
    60 to 64 11,835 5,966 5,869 101.65
    65 to 69 7,825 3,949 3,876 101.88
    70 to 74 5,474 2,634 2,840 92.75
    75 to 79 3,174 1,473 1,701 86.60
    80 & Over 2,758 1,209 1,549 78.05

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Surigao del Sur, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Surigao del Sur 434,774 221,100 213,674
    No Grade Completed 26,540 14,186 12,354
    Pre-School 11,268 5,725 5,543
    Elementary 215,065 114,675 100,390
    High School 115,441 55,514 59,927
    Post Secondary 10,251 5,172 5,079
    College Undergraduate 34,086 16,359 17,727
    Academic Degree Holder 12,651 4,940 7,711
    Post Baccalaureate 2,277 896 1,381
    Not Stated 7,195 3,633 3,562

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Surigao del Sur, 2000

Age Group Total Population 10 Yrs Old & Over Single Married Widowed Divorced Others Unknown
Surigao del Sur 363,967 165,821 160,560 15,367 2,776 17,256 2,187
    Below 20 123,135 118,009 2,086 108 79 1,530 1,323
    20 - 24 38,898 26,128 8,959 80 213 3,209 309
    25 - 29 32,352 10,913 17,874 168 273 2,947 177
    30 - 34 30,888 4,784 22,991 354 343 2,339 77
    35 - 39 29,819 2,441 24,499 525 360 1,950 44
    40 - 44 25,969 1,245 21,941 820 398 1,521 44
    45 - 49 21,250 738 17,813 1,075 341 1,259 24
    50 - 54 16,722 498 13,659 1,411 272 854 28
    55 - 59 13,868 339 10,949 1,740 186 628 26
    60 - 64 11,835 254 8,682 2,282 122 460 35
    65 - 69 7,825 155 5,388 1,910 74 270 28
    70 - 74 5,474 129 3,216 1,901 55 151 22
    75 - 79 3,174 81 1,569 1,401 32 76 15
    80 & over 2,758 107 934 1,592 28 62 35

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Surigao del Sur, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Surigao del Sur 501,135 255,158 245,977
    Surigaonon 131,628 66,587 65,041
    Cebuano 64,774 33,362 31,412
    Kamayo 132,069 66,879 65,190
    Boholano 23,937 12,433 11,504
    Bisaya/Binisaya 81,923 41,225 40,668
    Others 65,624 34,072 31,582
    Other Foreign Ethnicity 205 107 98
    Not Reported 975 493 482

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Household and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Surigao del Sur, 2000

TYPE OF BUILDING Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population RATIO OF HOUSEHOLDS AND HOUSEHOLD POPULATION
Household to Occupied Housing Unit Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit

Surigao del Sur

92,575 94,028 501,135 1.02 5.41
    Single House 87,665 88,937 475,051 1.01 5.42
    Duplex 2,408 2,487 12,524 1.03 5.20
    Multi-Unit Residential 1,529 1,624 7,928 1.06 5.19
    Commercial/Industrial/Agriculture 202 205 926 1.01 4.58
    Institutional Living Quarters 14 14 54 1.00 3.86
    Other Housing Unit 11 11 57 1.00 5.18
    Not Reported 746 750 4,595 1.01 6.16

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio -the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

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The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

Infographics

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