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Young Population Dominated in Zamboanga del Sur (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 2002-161
Release Date: 01 October 2002

 

Population growth rate at 1.97 percent

The total population of Zamboanga del Sur, as of May 1, 2000, was 1,333,456 persons. This implied an increase of 116,198 persons over the 1995 census figure with an average annual growth rate of 1.97 percent, slightly higher than the average growth rate recorded in 1995 (1.87 percent). A corresponding increase on the number of households was also registered, from 202,548 households in 1995 to 255,621 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.21 persons, higher than the national average of five persons.

Pagadian City, the provincial capital, the largest in terms of population

Among the 40 municipalities and one city in Zamboanga del Sur, Pagadian City, the capital of the province, was the largest in terms of population size with 142,585 persons or 10.69 percent of the total population of the province. This was followed by Ipil (3.94 percent), Molave (3.38 percent), Aurora (3.21 percent), Mahayag (3.18 percent) and Dumingag (3.16 percent). All other municipalities had less than three percent each. Josefina, the least populated municipality accounted for only 0.66 percent of the total population of the province.

Zamboanga del Sur, the most populated in Western Mindanao

Zamboanga del Sur was the most populated among the three provinces in Western Mindanao (Region IX), comprising 43.1 percent of the 3.1 million persons in the region. At the national level, the province contributed 1.7 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

Median age of 18 years

Zamboanga del Sur had a median age of 18 years, lower than the regional figure of 19 years. This meant that about half of the total population of the province were below 18 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 103.67

For all ages, the sex ratio in Zamboanga del Sur was about 104 with 678,739 males and 654,717 females. There were more males than females below 75 years old.

Four dependents out of five economically active persons

About 55 percent belonged to the economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years) while 41.5 percent were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) and less than four percent, old dependents (aged 65 years and over). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 81. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 75 young dependents and six old dependents, an improvement of 3.7 percentage points over the 1995 figure.

More males in the voting population

There were 688,287 persons or 51.62 percent of the total population belonging to 18 years old and over (voting population). Among them, the proportion of males (51.26 percent) was slightly higher than females (48.74 percent).

About half of female population were in the childbearing age group

Out of 654,717 females, 312,975 or 47.80 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years).

Nearly 18 thousands were incoming Grade I pupils

Potential grade 1 pupils were those five or six years old and had completed pre-school education in 2000. There were 17,230 children or 1.5 percent of the total household population five years and over in Zamboanga del Sur, of which 49.12 percent were boys and 50.88 percent girls.

Females dominated higher level of education

About 52.49 percent of population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary education; 22.67 percent, high school; 1.38 percent, post secondary education, and 9.55 percent with higher education. Males dominated those in the elementary level (53.37 percent) while females for the rest.

Cebuano was the predominant ethnic group

Cebuano was the predominant ethnic group in Zamboanga del Sur. Of the total household population, 40.20 percent classified themselves as Cebuanos. It was followed closely by Bisaya/Binisaya (32.27 percent), then Subanen (9.00 percent). The remaining 18.53 percent were either Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Tausug, Maguindanao or were from other ethnic groups.

About 47 percent were married

Married persons accounted for 46.68 percent of the total persons 10 years old and over, lower by 3.67 percentage points than the 1995 figure (50.35 percent). Single persons comprised 44.32 percent in 2000, from 44.73 percent in 1995. The proportion of widowed was 3.76 percent, slightly less than the proportion registered in 1995 (3.35 percent). Those in other marital arrangements constituted 3.72 percent, an increase of 2.6 percentage points from the 1995 figure.

Three in five housing units had floor area of less than 20 square meters

Three in five (64.6 percent) occupied housing units had floor area of less than 20 square meters; 25.4 percent, 20 to 49 square meters; and less than 10 percent, 50 square meters and over.

Single houses were most preferred

A large proportion (96.5 percent) of the occupied housing units in Zamboanga del Sur in 2000 were single houses. About two-thirds (65 percent) of the occupied housing units did not need repair or if needed one, with minor repair only while 19.6 percent needed major repair. Forty five of the occupied housing units were built from 1996 to 2000.

One out of two housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum

Out of the 251,977 occupied housing units in Zamboanga del Sur, the proportion with roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum was 48.26 percent, an improvement of 22.48 percentage points from the 1990 figure (25.78 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of housing units with walls made of concrete/brick/stone was 8.0 percent in 2000, three times higher than the proportion recorded in 1990 (2.7 percent).

As to the combination of construction materials used for roof and outer walls, one out of four of the occupied housing units were made of galvanized iron/aluminum as roof and wood as outer walls. This was almost two times higher than the 1990 figure (16.74 percent).

 

Zamboanga del Sur

Zamboanga del Sur is in the northwestern Mindanao. It is bounded on the north and west by Zamboanga del Norte, on the east by Misamis Occidental, Panguil Bay, and Lanao del Norte, and on the south by the Moro Gulf and the Basi Strait.The province has a dry season from January to March and a rainy season the rest of the year.

Zamboanga del Sur became a separate province on June 6, 1952 under Republic Act No. 711 which divided Zamboanga into two provinces. It is the largest province in Western Mindanao, in terms of both land area and population.

The name Zamboanga came from the word "Jambangan," meaning "Land of Flower". The early Malay settlers called the province "Jambangan".

Most of the inhabitants of the province are migrants from the Visayas. Cebuano is the predominant dialect in this province.

Source: Fast Facts About Philippine Provinces
               by: Conrado M. Lancion,
               (Tahanan Books, Manila)

 

 

 

(Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population of Top Ten Cities/ Municipalities and Sex: Zamboanga del Sur, 2000

Municipalities Both Sexes Percent Male Female
Zamboanga del Sur 1,333,456 100.00 678,739 654,717
     Pagadian City 142,585 10.69 71,009 71,576
     Ipil 52,481 3.94 26,448 26,033
     Molave 45,082 3.38 22,616 22,466
     Aurora 42,820 3.21 21,644 21,176
     Mahayag 42,462 3.18 21,389 21,073
     Dumingag 42,203 3.16 21,609 20,594
     Titay 39,730 2.98 20,676 19,054
     Kalabasan 37,619 2.82 19,448 18,171
     Naga 35,176 2.64 18,244 16,932
     Labangan 34,530 2.59 17,679 16,851
     Others 818,768 61.40 417,977 400,791

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Zamboanga del Sur, 2000

All Ages Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Zamboanga del Sur 1,333,456 678,739 654,717 103.67
     Under 1 34,253 17,348 16,905 102.62
      1 to 4 146,908 74,241 72,667 102.17
      5 to 9 196,007 99,301 96,706 102.68
     10 to 14 176,582 88,494 88,088 100.46
     15 to 19 143,832 72,717 71,115 102.45
     20 to 24 115,814 59,551 56,263 105.84
     25 to 29 96,810 49,700 47,110 105.50
     30 to 34 88,736 45,371 43,365 104.63
     35 to 39 79,292 41,138 38,154 107.62
     40 to 44 66,105 34,250 31,855 107.52
     45 to 49 52,196 27,083 25,113 107.84
     50 to 54 39,163 20,049 19,114 104.89
     55 to 59 29,976 15,201 14,775 102.88
     60 to 64 25,731 13,152 12,579 104.56
     65 to 69 17,556 8,891 8,665 102.61
     70 to 74 11,982 6,067 5,915 102.59
     75 to 79 6,477 3,212 3,265 98.38
     80 & Over 6,036 2,973 3,063 97.03

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Zamboanga del Sur, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Zamboanga del Sur 1,149,912 585,484 564,428
     No Grade Completed 109,717 55,862 53,855
     Pre-School 24,513 12,455 12,058
     Elementary 603,571 322,154 281,417
     High School 260,674 123,611 137,063
     Post Secondary 15,818 7,749 8,069
     College Undergraduate 79,174 38,293 40,881
     Academic Degree Holder 25,104 10,092 15,012
     Post Baccalaureate 5,614 2,300 3,314
     Not Stated 25,727 12,968 12,759

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Zamboanga del Sur, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Zamboanga del Sur 1,331,030 677,052 653,978
     Cebuano 535,116 271,541 263,575
     Bisaya/Binasaya 429,520 217,693 211,827
     Subanen 119,850 61,014 58,836
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 70,659 37,040 33,619
     Tausug 38,520 19,350 19,170
     Maguindanao 32,956 16,436 16,520
     Zamboangeno-Chavacano 15,039 7,908 7,131
     Ilocano 14,086 7,501 6,585
     Others 68,901 35,301 33,600
     Not Reported 2,631 1,364 1,267

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Zamboanga del Sur, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Zamboanga del Sur 956,288 423,849 446,385 35,955 6,818 35,605 7,706
      Below 20 320,414 300,643 10,570 366 235 3,872 4,728
      20 - 24 115,814 70,489 36,863 314 527 6,376 1,245
      25 - 29 96,810 27,995 61,050 613 742 5,833 577
      30 - 34 88,736 11,154 70,586 1,097 947 4660 292
      35 - 39 79,292 5,467 67,190 1,581 980 3,890 184
      40 - 44 66,105 2,882 56,683 2,366 906 3,127 141
      45 - 49 52,196 1,702 44,235 2,930 755 2,490 84
      50 - 54 39,163 1,159 31,949 3,615 586 1,766 88
      55 - 59 29,976 749 23,340 4,095 421 1,293 78
      60 - 64 25,731 593 18,793 4,962 313 991 79
      65 - 69 17,556 401 12,104 4,210 176 599 66
      70 - 74 11,982 250 7,158 4,006 122 388 58
      75 - 79 6,477 134 3,425 2,659 52 170 37
      80 & Over 6,036 201 2,439 3,141 56 150 49

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Zamboanga del Sur, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not
Reported
Zamboanga del Sur 251,977 121,617 708 3,920 3,704 117,922 396 611 3,099
     Concrete/Brick/
       Stone
20,049 19,409 223 133 21 257 4 2 -
     Wood 110,364 67,364 160 1,560 3,025 37,938 81 236 -
     Half Concrete/
       Brick/Stone
       and Half Wood
22,903 20,055 79 1,671 89 956 4 49 -
     Galvanized iron/
       Aluminum
749 522 5 61 34 125 2 - -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
       Cogon/Nipa
91,711 13,133 - 416 501 77,231 179 248 3
     Asbestos 79 57 16 - 2 - - 4 -
     Glass 21 10 4 2 - - - 5 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
       Improvised
       Materials
863 173 - 6 4 556 118 5 1
     Others/Not reported 5,050 793 214 70 24 787 5 62 3,095
     No Walls 188 101 7 1 4 72 3 - -

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

The population count of Zamboanga del Sur excludes the count of Zamboanga City, being a highly urbanized city. A separate Press Release was prepared for each highly urbanized city. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

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