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Cebu City: Population Growth Rate Recovered from a Downfall (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 2002-150
Release Date: 18 September 2002

 

Population to double in 39 years

Cebu City recorded a total population of 718,821 persons in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000). This was up by 56,522 persons as compared to the 1995 Census of Population (POPCEN) results. For the period 1995 to 2000, the annual population growth rate for Cebu City was 1.77 percent, still low compared to the growth rate during the '70s and '80s but higher than the 1.54 percent annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. If the current annual population growth rate of the province continues, the population of Cebu City is expected to double in 39 years.

The number of households increased to 147,600 as compared to 134,986 households in 1995. The average household size recorded in Census 2000 was 4.84 persons, slightly lower than the 1995 figure of 4.85 persons and the national average of five persons.

Cebu City ranked fourth in Central Visayas

Cebu City ranked fourth in terms of population size among the four provinces (Bohol, Cebu, Negros Oriental and Siquijor) and two highly urbanized cities (Cebu City and Mandaue City) comprising Central Visayas region. This city contributed 12.61 percent to the 5.7 million population in the region. At the national level, the city shared 0.94 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Barangay Guadalupe was the largest in terms of population size

Cebu City is composed of two districts, of which District II had the bigger population with 53.75 percent of the city population.

Barangay Guadalupe, which is part of District II was the biggest barangay in terms of population size, accounting for 6.26 percent of the total population of the city. The least populous barangay was Kalubihan, under District I, with only 611 persons (0.09 percent).

Cebu City had a median age of 23 years

Cebu City had a median age of 23 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 23 years old. In 1995, the median age was 22 years.

Sex ratio was recorded at 96

Females outnumbered their male counterparts with a sex ratio of 96 males for every 100 females, the same sex ratio recorded in 1995.

Dependency ratio was 57

The proportion of the total population belonging to the age group 0 to 14 years was 32.80 percent. The age group 65 years and over accounted for 3.38 percent of the city population while 63.82 percent were aged 15 to 64 years (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 56.69. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 57 dependents (52 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and five persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents).

Higher percentage of female voters

Out of the total population, there were 437,953 persons or 60.93 percent belonging to the voting population where the proportion of females (52.05 percent) was higher as compared to that of the males (47.95 percent).

More than half of females were in childbearing ages

Out of 367,181 females, 207,813 or 57 percent belonged to child bearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, was reported among women aged 15 to 19 years and 20 to 24 years with 20.33 percent and 20.12 percent, respectively.

Males dominated the post secondary level

About 33 percent of the household population aged five years old and over in Cebu City attended or completed elementary; 29.43 percent, high school; and 29.81 percent with higher education. On the other hand, the number of children aged 5 to 6 years old who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 11,187 pupils (1.77 percent).

Males dominated the pre-school and post secondary levels with 50.77 and 52.93 percent, respectively.

Widowed were mostly women

About 46.36 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were single while 42.67 percent were married. The remaining 10.96 percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other marital arrangements or with unknown marital status.

There was an almost equal proportion of women (50.81 percent) and men (49.19 percent) among single persons. On the other hand, the proportion of widows was noticeably higher (77.81 percent) than widowers (22.19 percent).

Majority of the houses were made of strong materials for the roof and walls

Majority of the housing units in Cebu City had galvanized iron/aluminum (88.22 percent) for the roof, while wood (35.20 percent) and half concrete/brick/stone and half wood (30.14 percent) for the outer walls.

Of the total occupied housing units, 31.49 percent had the combination of galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof and wood for the walls.

Majority of the housing units needed no repair/minor repair

Three out of four housing units in Cebu City needed no repair or if needed one with minor repair only; 18 percent, needed major repair; three percent, with unfinished constructions; and 0.9 percent, under construction.

About 16 percent of the housing units that needed no repair or minor repair were built from 1981 to 1990.

 

CEBU CITY

 

Cebu City, the "Queen City" of the South, is bounded on the east by Compostela, Liloan, Consolacion and Mandaue City, on the west by Toledo City and Balamban, on the south by Talisay and Minglanilla, on the north by Danao City and Austurias, and on the southeast by the Mactan Island.

The name Cebu came from the word "Sebu" meaning animal fat. Long before the coming of the Spaniards, it was a fishing village ruled by Rajah Humabon

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

April 7, 1521 - Ferdinand Magellan arrived in Cebu.

April 14, 1521 - Rajah Humabon, his wife, and about 800 men, were baptized into Christianity.

October 20, 1936 - Cebu became a chartered city by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 58, amended by Commonwealth Act No. 129 on November 5, 1936.

June 10, 1964 - revised the charter City of Cebu.

April 28, 1965 - anniversary of the 4th Centenary of the Christianization of the Philippines was celebrated.

1970s - the population growth of the province began to equal the average growth of the country. The primary reason was the expansion of Cebu City and the emergence of Metropolitan Cebu.

Cebu City is the largest Metro Cebu unit not only in population but also area wise.

Sources: 1) Website of League of Cities(www.lcp.org.ph)
              2) A Demographic & Socioeconomic Profile Based on the 1990 Census,By: Wilhelm Flieger
 

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Ten Barangays: Cebu City, 2000

Barangays Total Population Percent
Cebu City 718,821 100.00
     Guadalupe 45,012 6.26
     Lahug (Pob.) 35,275 4.91
     Basak San Nicolas 31,840 4.43
     Tisa 29,549 4.11
     Mabolo 27,498 3.83
     Labangon 27,266 3.79
     Mambaling 26,417 3.68
     Punta Princesa 22,482 3.13
     Bulacao 19,887 2.77
     Camputhaw (Pob.) 17,867 2.49

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Cebu City, 2000

 
Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Cebu City 718,821 351,640 367,181 95.80
     Under 1 18,090 9,372 8,718 107.50
     1 to 4 65,862 33,707 32,155 104.80
     5 to 9 78,134 40,035 38,099 105.10
     10 to 14 73,701 37,014 36,687 100.90
     15 to 19 79,329 37,083 42,246 87.80
     20 to 24 78,481 36,669 41,812 87.70
     25 to 29 65,438 31,912 33,526 95.20
     30 to 34 56,658 27,862 28,796 96.80
     35 to 39 48,093 24,098 23,995 100.40
     40 to 44 40,953 20,182 20,771 97.20
     45 to 49 32,884 16,217 16,667 97.30
     50 to 54 25,174 12,207 12,967 94.10
     55 to 59 17,301 8,400 8,901 94.40
     60 to 64 14,440 6,633 7,807 85.00
     65 to 69 9,728 4,296 5,432 79.10
     70 to 74 6,551 2,806 3,745 74.90
     75 to 79 4,043 1,712 2,331 73.40
     80 & Over 3,961 1,435 2,526 56.80

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Cebu City, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Cebu City 630,661 306,252 324,409
     No Grade Completed 22,824 11,665 11,159
     Pre-School 13,764 6,988 6,776
     Elementary 207,210 101,841 105,369
     High School 185,628 87,771 97,857
     Post Secondary 29,142 15,425 13,717
     College Undergraduate 95,584 46,915 48,669
     Academic Degree Holder 60,840 27,812 33,028
     Post Baccalaureate 2,445 1,212 1,233
     Not Stated 13,224 6,623 6,601

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Cebu City, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/Separated Others Unknown
Cebu City 556,735 258,115 237,554 20,403 7,006 27,964 5,693
     Below 20 153,030 144,685 3,277 118 186 2,268 2,496
     20 - 24 78,481 55,124 15,826 117 389 6,009 1,016
     25 - 29 65,438 26,175 32,267 203 701 5,502 590
     30 - 34 56,658 12,880 37,760 432 940 4,160 486
     35 - 39 48,093 6,874 36,177 663 1,009 3,095 275
     40 - 44 40,953 3,987 32,076 1,188 1,043 2,427 232
     45 - 49 32,884 2,714 25,822 1,597 926 1,686 139
     50 - 54 25,174 1,958 19,053 2,151 728 1,169 115
     55 - 59 17,301 1,174 12,722 2,168 453 692 92
     60 - 64 14,440 978 9,808 2,888 276 420 70
     65 - 69 9,728 613 6,095 2,574 172 229 45
     70 - 74 6,551 421 3,528 2,329 86 140 47
     75 - 79 4,043 237 1,845 1,786 59 89 27
     80 & Over 3,961 295 1,298 2,189 38 78 63

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Cebu City, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Cebu City 714,509 349,283 365,226
     Cebuano 679,270 332,748 346,522
     Bisaya/Binisaya 9,169 4,046 5,123
     Tagalog 3,237 1,659 1,578
     Boholano 2,765 1,179 1,586
     Hiligaynon/Ilongo 2,609 1,187 1,422
     Others 12,424 5,831 6,593
     Foreign Ethnicity 2,100 1,158 942
     Not Reported 2,935 1,475 1,460

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof : Cebu City, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Cebu City 142,406 125,633 1,244 4,711 3,509 3,539 1,414 329 2,027
     Concrete/Brick/
     Stone
31,481 30,293 778 272 77 29 6 26 -
     Wood 50,134 44,839 130 568 3,107 1,239 207 44 -
     Half Concrete/
     Brick/Stone
      and Half Wood
42,928 38,709 218 3,641 197 121 24 18 -
     Galvanized
      Iron/
     Aluminum
566 502 6 39 8 7 3 1 -
     Bamboo/
      Sawali/Cogon/
     Nipa
10,045 7,809 - 71 71 1,933 122 38 1
     Asbestos 175 139 8 1 9 - - 18 -
     Glass 76 64 9 - 1 - - 2 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
     Improvised/Materials
3,462 2,076 - 22 11 172 1,026 154 1
     Others/
     Not Reported
3,356 1,053 86 96 23 37 15 22 2,024
     No Walls 183 149 9 1 5 1 11 6 1

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

Being a highly urbanized city, the population of Cebu City was excluded in the population counts of Cebu. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.


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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

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