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Young Population Dominates Biliran (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 2002-025
Release Date: 12 March 2002

 

Biliran, the island province of Eastern Visayas, had steadily grown to 140,274 persons based on the 2000 Census of Population and Housing. It registered an increase of 8,065 persons from 132,209 persons five years ago. This translated to an annual growth rate of 1.28 percent from 1995 to 2000. Similarly, the number of households also rose to 27,909, higher by 2,263 households from the 1995 figure. This gave an average household size of 5.02 persons, lower than the 1995 average of 5.15 and slightly higher than the national average of five persons.

Of the eight municipalities in Biliran, Naval, which comprised 27.07 percent of the total provincial population, was the largest in terms of population size. Caibira (13.98%), Cabucgayan (12.61%), and Kawayan (12.48%) followed, while Maripipi had the least population (5.93 %).

Biliran had the lowest population among the six provinces in Eastern Visayas, contributing only 3.88 percent to the 3.6 million population of the region. At the national level, Biliran shared 0.18 percent to the total Philippine population of 76.5 million as recorded in the Census 2000.

Biliran registered a median age of 20 years in the Census 2000 from a median age of 19 years in 1990 and 1995. Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 103 males for every 100 females. However, in the age group 50 years and over, females dominated their male counterparts.

In 2000, the 0 to14 age group made up 40.5 percent of the total population in Biliran while 5.4 percent were aged 65 years and above. The economically active population aged 15 to 64 years made up 54 percent.

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 85. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 85 dependents (75 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and ten persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). The 2000 ratio was the same as reported in 1995.

Of the total household population five years old and over, more than half (53.56 percent) had attended or completed elementary education. About 22 percent had either attended or finished high school while 7.25 percent had attended college. Only three percent were academic degree holders. More than half of those who had attended or finished elementary education (52.49 percent) were males. On the other hand, those who had attended or finished high school, college and post baccalaureate were predominantly females.

Among the household population in Biliran, two out of five persons classified themselves as Waray. Bisaya/Binisaya came next with 30.8 percent while 26.2 percent were reported as Cebuano. Other ethnic groups included Tagalog (0.25 percent), Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey (0.15 percent), and Boholano (0.10 percent).

The proportion of single individuals was almost the same as that of married population 10 years old and over (43.27 and 43.56, respectively). The remaining 13.17 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, common-law/live-in or with unknown marital status.

There were 28,551 housing units in Biliran, of which 27,514 were occupied. This registered an increase of 22.47 percentage points from 1990, a ratio of one household per housing unit, and 5.09 household members per occupied housing unit. Majority (96.65 percent) of occupied housing units were single houses. Duplex and multi-unit residential houses accounted for only 1.23 and 0.41 percent, respectively.

 

 

  (Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

BILIRAN

The island province of Biliran lies a few kilometers north of the coast of Leyte. Carigara Bay to the south and Biliran Strait to the west of the island separate it from Leyte.

It is the smallest province in Eastern Visayas with an area of about 532 sq. kms. In 1768, when Samar and Leyte were divided, Biliran became part of Leyte. It remained part of that province until 1959, when it was constituted as a sub-province with the enactment of Republic Act No. 2141. Finally, in May 1992, the island became a separate province of the Philippines by virtue of Republic Act No. 7160. Naval is the capital town of Biliran province.

As of year 2000, Biliran has a total of 132 barangays.

Table 1. Total Population Distribution by Municipality and Sex: Biliran, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Biliran 140,274 100.0 71,259 69.015
    Almeria 13,854 9.88 7,077 6,777
    Biliran 13,817 9.85 6,981 6,836
    Cabucgayan 17,691 12.61 8,999 8,692
    Caibira 19,606 13.98 10,088 9,518
    Culaba 11,506 8.20 5,877 5,629
    Kawayan 17,507 12.48 8,836 8,671
    Maripipi 8,319 5.93 4,221 4,098
    Naval 37,974 27.07 19,180 18,794

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Biliran, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Biliran 140,274 71,259 69,015 103.25
    Under 1 3,527 1,822 1,705 106.86
    1 to 4 15,007 9,507 9,027 105.32
    5 to 9 19,910 10,299 9,611 107.16
    10 to 14 18,408 9,357 9,051 103.38
    15 to 19 13,963 7,446 6,517 114.26
    20 to 24 10,446 5,392 5,054 106.69
    25 to 29 8,906 4,573 4,333 105.54
    30 to 34 8,518 4,346 4,172 104.17
    30 to 34 7,854 3,950 3,904 101.18
    40 to 44 6,966 3,536 3,430 103.09
    45 to 49 5,716 2,898 2,818 102.84
    50 to 54 5,206 2,551 2,655 96.08
    55 to 59 4,387 2,174 2,213 98.24
    60 to 64 3,830 1,800 2,030 88.67
    65 to 69 2,935 1,376 1,559 88.26
    70 to 74 2,284 1,015 1,269 79.98
    75 to 79 1,249 542 707 76.66
    80 & Over 1,162 503 659 76.33

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by
Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Biliran, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment

Household Population

5 Years Old & Over

Male Female
Biliran 121,641 61,680 59,961
    No Grade Completed 8,090 4,333 3,757
    Pre-School 3,110 1,611 1,499
    Elementary 65,157 34,199 30,958
    High School 26,998 12,817 14,181
    Post Secondary 3,103 1,796 1,307
    College Undergraduate 8,816 4,222 4,594
    Academic Degree Holder 3,434 1,273 2,161
    Post Baccalaureate 301 116 185
    Not Stated 2,632 1,313 1,319

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Biliran, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Biliran 140,174 71,187 68,987
    Waray 57,020 29,116 27,904
    Bisaya/Binisaya 43,231 21,787 21,444
    Cebuano 36,757 18,737 18,020
    Tagalog 354 167 187
    Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 216 112 104
    Boholano 142 68 74
    Others 981 504 477
    Not Reported 1,473 696 777

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Biliran, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown

Biliran

101,830 44,064 44,357 4,675 1,065 6,493 1,176
    Below 20 32,371 30,674 590 20 15 434 638
    20 - 24 10,446 6,739 2,523 14 48 963 159
    25 - 29 8,906 2,960 4,771 40 92 956 87
    30 - 34 8,518 1,383 6,033 67 113 867 55
    35 - 39 7,854 793 6,000 96 135 783 47
    40 - 44 6,966 483 5,483 142 168 653 37
    45 - 49 5,716 310 4,535 227 130 486 28
    50 - 54 5,206 240 4,070 364 111 400 21
    55 - 59 4,387 158 3,342 445 92 325 25
    60 - 64 3,830 117 2,765 618 73 238 19
    65 - 69 2,935 80 1,967 672 36 166 14
    70 - 74 2,284 40 1,281 785 25 131 22
    75 - 79 1,249 44 597 535 15 51 7
    80 & Over 1,162 43 400 650 12 40 17

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population and Ratio of Household and Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit by Type of Building: Biliran, 2000

TYPE OF BUILDING Occupied Housing Unit Household Household Population RATIO OF HOUSEHOLDS AND HOUSEHOLD POPULATION
Household to Occupied Housing Unit Household Population to Occupied Housing Unit

Biliran

27,514 27,909 140,174 1.01 5.09
    Single House 26,592 26,956 135,188 1.01 5.08
    Duplex 338 356 1,716 1.05 5.08
    Multi-Unit Residential 112 118 502 1.05 4.48
    Commercial/Industrial/Agricultural 55 57 222 1.04 4.04
    Institutional Living Quarters 4 4 22 1.00 5.50
    Other Housing Unit 2 2 11 1.00 5.50
    Not Reported 411 416 2,513 1.01 6.11

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

Infographics

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