Population of Mandaue City increased at the rate of 2.46 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Mandaue City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Cebu, posted a total population of 331,320 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 71,592 persons compared to its total population of 259,728 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.46 percent. This is lower than the 4.06 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.46 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Mandaue City would double in 28 years.
Forty years ago, the population of Mandaue City was only 58,579 persons. This population size is less than one fifth of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.
Pakna-an was the most populated barangay
Among the 27 barangays comprising Mandaue City, barangay Pakna-an was the most populous with a population size making up 6.9 percent of the total population of the city. This was followed by Banilad (6.7 percent), Subangdaku (6.1 percent), Labogon (5.8 percent), Maguikay (5.4 percent), Umapad (5.3 percent), Tipolo and Canduman (5.2 percent each), and Pagsabungan (5.1 percent). The rest of the barangays contributed less than 5.0 percent each.
The least populated barangay was Centro (Pob.) with 1.0 percent share to the total population of the city. In 2000, the least populated barangay was Casili.
Sex ratio was 99 males per 100 females
Of the 331,213 household population in 2010, females accounted for 50.3 percent while males comprised 49.7 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (98 males per 100 females).
Median age increased to 24.2 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 24.2 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.2 years. This is higher than the median age of 22.3 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, more than three in every 10 persons (30.4 percent) were under 15 years old. Persons aged 20 to 24 years (11.3 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 0 to 4 years (11.2 percent) and 25 to 29 years (10.6 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 30 to 49 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 29 years and 50 years and over.
More than three fifths of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 64.0 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 60.2 percent in 2000. There were more females (51.1 percent) than males (48.9 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 50 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 30.4 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 2.7 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 66.8 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 50, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 50 dependents (46 young dependents and four old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 57 dependents per 100 working-age population (53 young dependents and four old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 44.1 percent were never married while 42.8 percent were married. The rest of the population were in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (8.9 percent), widowed (3.0 percent), and divorced/separated (1.0 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 50.5 percent were males while 49.5 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 27.8 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 38.0 percent had reached or finished high school, 12.3 percent were college undergraduates, and 13.8 percent were academic degree holders. More females pursue higher levels of education than male, as majority of those with academic degrees (53.8 percent) and post baccalaureate courses (54.6 percent) were females.
Persons with disability comprised 1.1 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 3,800 persons or 1.1 percent of the 331,213 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is similar to the proportion in 2000, which was 1.1 percent of the 259,085 household population of the city during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 2,900.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 294,160 household population five years and over, 2.0 percent (or 5,996 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (53.5 percent) than males (46.5 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 5,996 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 67.6 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 23.7 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 16.0 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 12.1 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 11.9 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 10.8 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 260,647 household population 10 years old and over in Mandaue City, 1.5 percent (or 3,925 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 68.3 percent of all overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 22.2 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (20.6 percent), 25 to 29 years (19.6 percent), and 35 to 39 years (16.9 percent).
Average household size was 4.2 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 78,394, higher by 23,512 households compared with the 54,882 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.2 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.7 persons in 2000.
There were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 76,841 occupied housing units were recorded in Mandaue City in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 102 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.3 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 103 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 4.8 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of wood decreased from 44.2 percent in 2000 to 36.9 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 20.0 percent in 2000 to 30.5 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, majority (93.4 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 90.0 percent.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 78,394 households, 39.5 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 36.3 percent.
Moreover, 34.5 percent of the households rented the lots that they occupied, 16.8 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner while 7.0 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA