Population increased at the rate of 1.31 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Negros Oriental posted a total population of 1,286,666 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 156,578 persons compared to its total population of 1,130,088 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.31 percent. This is lower the 2.02 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.31 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Negros Oriental would double in about 54 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Negros Oriental was only 538,206 persons. This population size is two fifths of the population of the province in the 2010 CPH.
City of Dumaguete was the most populous
Among the six cities and 19 municipalities comprising the province of Negros Oriental, Dumaguete City, the provincial capital, was the most populous comprising 9.4 percent of the total population of the province. The City of Bayawan ranked second, with a share of 8.9 percent, followed by the cities of Guihulngan (7.3 percent) and Tanjay (6.1 percent). The rest of the cities/municipalities contributed less than 6.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of San Jose, with a share of 1.5 percent to the total population of the province. It was also the least populated area in 2000.
Sex ratio was 104 males per 100 females
Of the 1,284,351 household population in 2010, males accounted for 51.1 percent while females comprised 48.9 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females. In 2000, the sex ratio recorded was 102 males per 100 females.
Median age increased to 23.2 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 23.2 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 23.2 years. This is higher than the median age of 20.7 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 33.5 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Children aged 10 to 14 years (11.6 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 15 to 19 years (11.2 percent), 5 to 9 years (11.1 percent), and 0 to 4 years (10.7 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 54 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (55 years and over).
Three fifths of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 59.5 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 54.8 percent in 2000. There were more males (50.7 percent) than females (49.3 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 64 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 33.5 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 5.7 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 60.9 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 64, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 64 dependents (55 young dependents and nine old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 76 dependents per 100 working-age population (68 young dependents and eight old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 47.1 percent were married while 44.1 percent were never married. The rest of the population was categorized as follows: widowed (4.5 percent), in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (3.4 percent), and divorced/separated (0.8 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 55.0 percent were males while 45.0 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 52.8 percent had attended or completed elementary education, about 24.0 percent had reached or finished high school, 6.4 percent were college undergraduates, and 6.6 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (55.1 percent) outnumbered the males (44.9 percent). Similarly, more females (58.3 percent) than males (41.7 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.9 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, around 24,300 persons or 1.9 percent of the 1,284,351 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.2 percent of the 1,129,010 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 14,000.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 1,146,764 household population five years and over, 4.1 percent (or 46,925 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (51.3 percent) than males (48.7 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 46,925 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 69.6 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 20.6 percent who had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid, 23.8 percent had difficulty in walking or climbing steps, 13.7 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating, 10.5 percent had difficulty in communicating, and 9.1 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 1,003,883 household population 10 years old and over in Negros Oriental, 0.9 percent (or 8,570 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 55.8 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 24.4 percent of the total overseas workers from this province, followed by age groups 30 to 34 years (17.9 percent), 25 to 29 years (16.8 percent), and 35 to 39 years (16.7 percent).
Average household size was 4.5 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 284,740, higher by 57,580 households compared with the 227,160 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.5 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.0 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 281,826 occupied housing units were recorded in the province of Negros Oriental in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.6 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 5.0 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, 43.1 percent of the occupied housing units in the province had outer walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa, down from 51.0 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, on the other hand, increased from 11.6 percent in 2000 to 22.7 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 59.6 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum, higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 40.7 percent. Occupied housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw decreased from 53.2 percent in 2000 to 36.0 percent in 2010.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 284,740 households, three fifths (60.0 percent) owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 52.2 percent.
Moreover, 30.8 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 5.4 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 1.4 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA