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Population of 319 Thousand was Recorded in Baguio City (Results from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing)

Reference Number: 2013-119
Release Date: 12 July 2013


Population of Baguio City increased at the rate of 2.36 percent annually

Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Baguio City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Benguet, posted a total population of 318,676 persons as of May 1, 2010.  This is larger by 66,290 persons compared to its total population of 252,386 persons counted in the 2000 CPH.  The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.36 percent.  This is lower than the 3.26 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.

If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.36 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Baguio City would double in 30 years.

Forty years ago, the population of Baguio City was only 84,538 persons.  This population size is more than one fourth of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.



Irisan was the most populous barangay

Among the 129 barangays comprising Baguio City, barangay Irisan was the most populous. Its population size was 8.9 percent of the total population of the city.  Asin Road came in second in terms of population size, with 3.6 percent share.  This was followed by Camp 7 (3.1 percent), Loakan Proper (2.9 percent), Bakakeng North (2.7 percent), Bakakeng Central (2.4 percent), Fairview Village (2.3 percent), San Luis Village (2.3 percent), Gibraltar (2.2 percent), and Pinget (2.1 percent).  The rest of the barangays contributed less than 2.0 percent each.

The least populated barangay was Bagong Lipunan (Market Area) with less than 0.1 percent share to the total population of the city.  In 2000, the least populated barangay was Magsaysay, Upper.



Sex ratio was 95 males per 100 females

Of the 315,800 household population in 2010, females accounted for 51.2 percent while males comprised 48.8 percent.  These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 95 males for every 100 females.  In 2000, the recorded sex ratio was 97 males per 100 females.


Median age increased to 24.4 years

In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 24.4 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.4 years. This is higher than the median age of 22.0 years that was recorded in 2000.

Moreover, 28.0 percent of the household population were under 15 years old.  Persons aged 20 to 24 years (11.8 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 15 to 19 years (11.5 percent) and 5 to 9 years (9.6 percent).  Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years.  On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 years and over.



More than three fifths of the population were of voting age

The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 65.7 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 59.8 percent in 2000.  There were more females (52.3 percent) than males (47.7 percent) among the voting-age population.


Dependency ratio decreased to 46 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group

In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 28.0 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.5 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 68.5 percent.           

The overall dependency ratio was 46, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 46 dependents (41 young dependents and five old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 57 dependents per 100 working-age population (53 young dependents and four old dependents).


There were more males than females among the never-married persons

Of the household population 10 years old and over, 47.1 percent were never married while 45.0 percent were married. The rest of the population were widowed (3.5 percent), in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (3.1 percent), and divorced/separated (1.3 percent).

Females outnumbered the males in all the categories for marital status: single (50.3 percent), married (50.8 percent), widowed (81.3 percent), divorced/separated (71.1 percent), and in common-law/lived-in marital arrangement (51.3 percent).


More females than males had attained higher levels of education

Of the household population aged five years and over, 19.1 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 29.1 percent had reached or finished high school, 18.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 22.2 percent were academic degree holders.  More females pursue higher levels of education than male, as majority of those with academic degrees (57.6 percent) and post baccalaureate courses (52.7 percent) were females.


Persons with disability comprised 1.2 percent of the population in the city

In 2010, around 3,700 persons or 1.2 percent of the 315,800 household population had a disability.  This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.2 percent of the 249,539 household population of the city during that year.  The number of PWD for the same year was around 3,100.


There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty

Of the 286,291 household population five years and over, 2.3 percent (or 6,549 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating.  There were more females (54.4 percent) than males (45.6 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.

Moreover, of the total 6,549 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 66.0 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses.  There were 25.8 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 18.7 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 12.8 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 11.8 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 11.4 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).


Female overseas workers outnumbered their male counterparts

Of the 256,051 household population 10 years old and over in Baguio City, 3.3 percent (or 8,344 persons) were overseas workers.  Female overseas workers outnumbered their male counterparts as they comprised 50.2 percent of all overseas workers from this city.  Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 27.6 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (17.3 percent), 35 to 39 years (16.3 percent), and 25 to 29 years (15.5 percent).


Average household size was 4.0 persons

The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 78,313, higher by 26,011 households compared with the 52,302 households posted in 2000.  The average household size in 2010 was 4.0 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.8 persons in 2000.



There were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units

A total of 76,922 occupied housing units were recorded in Baguio City in 2010.  This translates to a ratio of 102 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.1 persons per occupied housing unit.  In 2000, there were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units and 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit.


Occupied housing units with outer walls made of strong materials increased

In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 41.4 percent in 2000 to 58.6 percent in 2010.  The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone decreased from 27.6 percent in 2000 to 24.4 percent in 2010.  Those with outer walls made of galvanized iron/aluminum decreased from 19.5 percent in 2000 to 11.7 percent in 2010.  Meanwhile, 87.9 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum, lower than the proportion of 94.0 percent recorded in 2000.


One half of the total number of households lived in lots that they owned or amortized           

In 2010, of the total 78,313 households, 50.0 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied.  The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 51.7 percent.

Moreover, 31.9 percent of the households rented the lots that they occupied, 14.5 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner while 1.4 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.






















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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

2020 CPH Primer



2020 Census of Population and Housing (AVP)

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