Population of Cagayan de Oro City increased at the rate of 2.69 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Cagayan de Oro City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Misamis Oriental, posted a total population of 602,088 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 140,211 persons compared to its total population of 461,877 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.69 percent. This is lower than the 3.12 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.69 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Cagayan de Oro City would double in 26 years.
Forty years ago, the population of Cagayan de Oro City was only 128,319 persons. This population size is more than one fifth of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.
Carmen was the most populatous barangay
Among the 80 barangays comprising Cagayan de Oro City, barangay Carmen had the largest population with a share making up 11.2 percent of the total population of the city. Lapasan came in second with 7.0 percent share, followed by Kauswagan with 5.7 percent, Balulang with 5.4 percent, and Bulua with 5.2 percent. The rest of the municipalities contributed a share of 5.0 percent each.
The least populated barangay was Barangay 39 (Pob.) with less than 0.01 percent share of the total population of the city. It was also the least populated barangay in 2000.
Sex ratio was 100 males per 100 females
Of the 598,803 household population in 2010, females accounted for 50.1 percent while males comprised 49.9 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 100 males for every 100 females. In 2000, the recorded sex ratio was 98 males per 100 females.
Median age increased to 24.2 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 24.2 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.2 years. This is higher than the median age of 21.9 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 30.6 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Persons aged 15 to 19 years (10.8 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 0 to 4 years (10.6 percent) and 20 to 24 years (10.4 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 30 to 39 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 29 years and 50 years and over.
More than three fifths of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 63.2 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 58.4 percent in 2000. There were more females (50.8 percent) than males (49.2 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 51 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 30.6 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.4 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 66.0 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 51, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 51 dependents (46 young dependents and five old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 61 dependents per 100 working-age population (56 young dependents and five old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 43.8 percent were never married while 45.2 percent were married. The rest of the population were in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (5.9 percent), widowed (3.7 percent), and divorced/separated (1.3 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 51.8 percent were males while 48.2 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 25.4 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 35.0 percent had reached or finished high school, 14.9 percent were college undergraduates, and 15.7 percent were academic degree holders. More females pursue higher levels of education than male, as majority of those with academic degrees (54.3 percent) and post baccalaureate courses (54.4 percent) were females.
Persons with disability comprised 1.4 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 8,500 persons or 1.4 percent of the 598,803 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.1 percent of the 459,824 household population of the city during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 5,200.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 535,536 household population five years and over, 2.2 percent (or 11,862 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (52.9 percent) than males (47.1 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 11,862 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 63.8 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 27.8 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 20.5 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 15.1 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 15.0 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 13.4 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 474,612 household population 10 years old and over in Cagayan de Oro City, 1.7 percent (or 7,945 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 62.6 percent of all overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 23.9 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (19.6 percent), 35 to 39 years (18.1 percent), and 25 to 29 years (15.6 percent).
Average household size was 4.4 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 137,465, higher by 43,940 households compared with the 93,525 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.4 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.9 persons in 2000.
There were 103 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 133,366 occupied housing units were recorded in Cagayan de Oro City in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 103 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.5 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 103 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 5.1 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 33.0 percent in 2000 to 45.8 percent in 2010. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of wood decreased from 37.6 percent in 2000 to 30.0 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood decreased from 22.4 percent in 2000 to 17.7 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, nine in every 10 (90.0 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum, higher than the proportion of 82.8 percent recorded in 2000.
More than half of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 137,465 households, 55.2 percent owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 46.9 percent.
Moreover, 19.0 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 15.2 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 6.3 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA