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Population of Caloocan City Went Up to 1.5 Million (Results from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing)

Reference Number: 2013-150
Release Date: 26 July 2013

Population of Caloocan City increased at the rate of 2.37 percent annually

Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Caloocan City, a highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region, posted a total population of 1,489,040 persons as of May 1, 2010.  This is larger by 311,436 persons compared to its total population of 1,177,604 persons counted in the 2000 CPH.  The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.37 percent.  This is lower than the 4.43 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.

If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.37 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Caloocan City would double in 29 years.

Forty years ago, the population of Caloocan City was 274,453 persons.  This population size is less than one fifth of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH

Barangay 176 was the most populous barangay in the city
Among the 188 barangays comprising Caloocan City, Barangay 176 was the most populous with a population size making up 16.4 percent of the total population of the city.  Barangay 178 was second with 6.5 percent share, followed by Barangay 171 with 5.4 percent, Barangay 177 with 5.1 percent, Barangay 175 with 3.5 percent, and Barangay 167 with 3.0 percent.  The rest of the barangays contributed less than 3.0 percent each.
The least populated barangay was Barangay 76 with less than 0.1 percent share to the total population of the city.  It was also the least populated barangay in 2000.
Sex ratio was 99 males per 100 females
Of the 1,487,245 household population in 2010, females accounted for 50.2 percent while males comprised 49.8 percent.  These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100 females.  In 2000, the recorded sex ratio was 100 males per 100 females.
 Median age increased to 24.2 years

In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 24.3 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.3 years. This is higher than the median age of 22.8 years that was recorded in 2000.

Moreover, 31.6 percent of the household population were under 15 years old.  Children aged 0 to 4 years (10.8 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 5 to 9 years (10.5 percent) and 10 to 14 years (10.4 percent).  Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 35 to 44 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 34 years and 45 years and over.

More than three fifths of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 62.4 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 59.8 percent in 2000.  There were more females (51.0 percent) than males (48.9 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 53 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 31.6 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.0 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 65.4 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 53, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 53 dependents (48 young dependents and five old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 59 dependents per 100 working-age population (55 young dependents and four old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 43.5 percent were never married while another 42.5 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (7.9 percent), widowed (3.9 percent), and divorced/separated (2.1 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 52.4 percent were males while 47.6 percent were females.  For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 23.9 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 41.0 percent had reached or finished high school, 13.8 percent were college undergraduates, and 12.7 percent were academic degree holders.  More females pursue higher levels of education than males, as majority of those with an academic degree (54.6 percent) and post baccalaureate course (58.5 percent) were females.
Persons with disability comprised 1.5 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 22,400 persons or 1.5 percent of the 1,487,245 household population had a disability.  The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 0.9 percent of the 1,174,673 household population of the city during that year.  The number of PWD for the same year was around 11,100.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 1,326,698 household population five years and over, 4.1 percent (or 53,863 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating.  There were more females (54.5 percent) than males (45.3 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 53,863 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 85.5 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses.  There were 14.0 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 12.2 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 6.5 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 5.6 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 5.1 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 1,171,135 household population 10 years old and over in Caloocan City, 2.5 percent (or 29,144 persons) were overseas workers.  Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 63.8 percent of all overseas workers from this city.  Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 30.1 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (16.9 percent), 35 to 39 years (15.9 percent), and 40 to 44 years (14.5 percent).
Average household size was 4.3 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 345,444, higher by 95,877 households compared with the 249,567 households posted in 2000.  The average household size in 2010 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.7 persons in 2000.
There were 104 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 331,345 occupied housing units were recorded in Caloocan City in 2010.  This translates to a ratio of 104 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.5 persons per occupied housing unit.  In 2000, there were 106 households per 100 occupied housing units and 5.0 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 51.9 percent in 2000 to 72.1 percent in 2010.  Those with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood decreased from 29.4 percent in 2000 to 18.7 percent in 2010.  Meanwhile, majority (89.5 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum.  This is higher than the proportion of 82.0 percent recorded in 2000.
More than half of the households in the city lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 53.5 percent of the total 345,444 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied.  The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 48.1 percent of the 249,567 households.
Moreover, 27.0 percent of the households rented the lots that they occupied, 12.9 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner while 5.1 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.


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Census of Population by Year Published

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.


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