Population of the City of Manila increased at the rate of 0.44 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the City of Manila, a highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region, posted a total population of 1,652,171 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 71,089 persons compared to its total population of 1,581,082 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 0.44 percent. This is higher than the negative 0.13 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 0.44 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Manila City would double in 159 years.
Forty years ago, the population of the City of Manila was 1,330,788 persons. This population size is more than four fifths of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.
Tondo was the most populous district in the city
Among the 14 districts comprising the City of Manila, Tondo was the most populous with a population size making up 38.0 percent of the total population of the city. Sampaloc was second with 20.7 percent share, followed by Santa Ana with 10.7 percent, Santa Cruz with 7.0 percent, Malate with 4.7 percent, Pandacan with 4.5 percent, and Paco with 4.3 percent. The rest of the districts contributed less than 4.0 percent each.
The least populated district was Intramuros with 0.3 percent share to the total population of the city. In 2000, the least populated district was Ermita with 0.4 percent share to the total population of the city.
Sex ratio was 96 males per 100 females
Of the 1,642,743 household population in 2010, females accounted for 51.0 percent while males comprised 49.0 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 96 males for every 100 females. In 2000, the recorded sex ratio was 95 males per 100 females.
Median age increased to 25.3 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 25.3 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 25.3 years. This is higher than the median age of 24.1 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 28.5 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Persons aged 20 to 24 years (10.7 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 15 to 19 years (10.1 percent) and 0 to 4 years (9.9 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 30 to 39 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 29 years and 40 years and over.
Two thirds of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 65.7 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 64.1 percent in 2000. There were more females (52.0 percent) than males (48.0 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 48 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 28.5 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.7 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 67.8 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 48, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 48 dependents (42 young dependents and six old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 51 dependents per 100 working-age population (46 young dependents and five old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 45.8 percent were never married while another 39.1 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (8.6 percent), widowed (4.3 percent), and divorced/separated (2.2 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 51.0 percent were males while 49.0 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 21.2 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 36.6 percent had reached or finished high school, 15.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 17.2 percent were academic degree holders. More females pursue higher levels of education than males, as majority of those with an academic degree (54.8 percent) and post baccalaureate course (52.2 percent) were females.
Persons with disability comprised 1.3 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 22,000 persons or 1.3 percent of the 1,642,743 household population had a disability. The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 1.1 percent of the 1,569,584 household population of the city during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 16,900.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 1,480,508 household population five years and over, 3.1 percent (or 46,529 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (56.1 percent) than males (43.9 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 46,529 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 76.7 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 19.0 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 15.8 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 10.1 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 8.6 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing); and 8.3 percent had difficulty in communicating.
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 1,324,232 household population 10 years old and over in the City of Manila, 2.3 percent (or 31,001 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 63.3 percent of all overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 31.1 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (17.3 percent), 35 to 39 years (15.2 percent), and 25 to 29 years (14.6 percent).
Average household size was 4.2 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 386,835, higher by 53,288 households compared with the 333,547 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.2 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.7 persons in 2000.
There were 107 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 359,892 occupied housing units were recorded in the City of Manila in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 107 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.6 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 109 households per 100 occupied housing units and 5.1 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 29.3 percent in 2000 to 47.8 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood decreased from 41.8 percent in 2000 to 30.1 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, majority (80.5 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion of 76.0 percent recorded in 2000.
More than two fifths of the households in the city lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 41.1 percent of the total 386,835 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 33.7 percent of the 333,547 households.
Moreover, 39.6 percent of the households rented the lots that they occupied, 11.0 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner while 5.2 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA