Population of Leyte (excluding Tacloban City) increased at the rate of 1.04 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Leyte, excluding Tacloban City, posted a total population of 1,567,984 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 154,287 persons compared to its total population of 1,413,697 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.04 percent. This is lower than the 1.39 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.04 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Leyte would double in 67 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Leyte was only 822,528 persons. This population size is more than one half of the population of the province in the 2010 CPH.
Ormoc City was the most populous area in Leyte
Among the two cities and 40 municipalities in the province of Leyte, Ormoc City was the most populous with a population size making up 12.2 percent of the total provincial population. The City of Baybay was second with 6.6 percent share, followed by the municipalities of Palo (4.0 percent), Abuyog and Hilongos (3.6 percent each), Palompon (3.5 percent), Tanauan (3.2 percent), Barauen and Kananga (3.1 percent each), and Carigara (3.0 percent). The rest of the municipalities had contributed less than 3.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of Tunga with 0.4 percent share to the total population of the province. In 2000, Tunga was also the least populated area.
Sex ratio was 106 males per 100 females
Of the 1,563,364 household population in 2010, males accounted for 51.5 percent while females comprised 48.5 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 106 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (105 males for every 100 females).
Median age increased to 22.2 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 22.2 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 22.2 years. This is higher than the median age of 19.8 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 35.6 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Children aged 10 to 14 years (12.1 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 5 to 9 years (11.8 percent) and 0 to 4 years (11.7 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 59 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (60 years and over).
Six in every 10 persons in the province were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 57.5 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 53.2 percent in 2000. There were more males (51.1 percent) than females (48.9 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 70 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 35.6 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 5.5 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 58.9 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 70, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 70 dependents (61 young dependents and nine old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 82 dependents per 100 working-age population (73 young dependents and nine old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 43.3 percent were never married while 42.4 percent were married. The rest of the population was categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (8.0 percent), widowed (4.9 percent), and divorced/separated (1.3 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 56.5 percent were males while 43.5 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the 1,380,578 household population aged five years and over, 47.6 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 29.0 percent had reached or finished high school, 6.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 6.9 percent were academic degree holders. Females outnumbered the males among those who had attained higher levels of education as they comprised 55.8 percent of all those with an academic degree and 61.1 percent of all those who had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.8 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, around 28,300 persons or 1.8 percent of the 1,563,364 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is similar to the proportion in 2000, which was 1.7 percent of the 1,410,989 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 24,300.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 1,380,578 household population five years and over, 3.8 percent (or 53,100 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (52.8 percent) than males (47.2 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 53,100 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 65.1 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 23.7 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 22.6 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 17.2 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 11.2 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 9.6 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 1,196,417 household population 10 years old and over in Leyte, 1.2 percent (or 14,646 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 62.4 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 21.5 percent of the total overseas workers from this province in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (18.8 percent), 25 to 29 years (17.4 percent), and 35 to 39 years (15.5 percent).
Average household size was 4.5 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 346,346, higher by 58,525 households compared with the 287,821 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.5 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.9 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 343,921 occupied housing units were recorded in the province of Leyte in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.5 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units and 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of light materials decreased
In 2010, 31.2 percent of the occupied housing units in the province had outer walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa, down from 35.4 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, on the other hand, increased from 19.2 percent in 2000 to 31.1 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of wood decreased from 27.5 percent in 2000 to 22.0 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 66.9 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion of 52.1 percent recorded in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw decreased from 41.5 percent in 2000 to 29.6 percent in 2010.
Half of the households in the province lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 51.2 percent of the total 346,346 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 43.9 percent of the 287,821 households.
Moreover, 39.6 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 6.8 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 1.4 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA