Population of Biliran increased at the rate of 1.43 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Biliran posted a total population of 161,760 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 21,486 persons compared to its total population of 140,274 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.43 percent. This is lower the 1.74 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.43 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Biliran would double in about 49 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Biliran was only 87,285 persons. This population size is more than one half of the population of the province in the 2010 CPH.
Naval was the most populated municipality in Biliran
Among the eight municipalities comprising the province of Biliran, Naval, the provincial capital, was the most populous with a population size making up 30.2 percent of the total provincial population. The municipality of Caibiran was second with 13.3 percent share, followed by the municipalities of Kawayan with 12.5 percent, Cabucgayan with 12.1 percent, Almeria with 10.2 percent, Biliran with 10 percent, Culaba with 7.6 percent, and Maripipi with 4.1 percent.
In 2000, Maripipi was also the least populated municipality with 5.9 percent share of the total provincial population.
Sex ratio was 104 males per 100 females
Of the 161,250 household population in 2010, males accounted for 51.1 percent while females comprised 48.9 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 104 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (103 males per 100 females).
Median age increased to 21.7 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 21.7 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 21.7 years. This is higher than the median age of 19.7 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 36.4 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Children aged 10 to 14 years (12.8 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 5 to 9 years (12.0 percent) and 0 to 4 years (11.7 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 54 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (55 years and over).
More than half of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 56.6 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 53.2 percent in 2000. There were more males (50.5 percent) than females (49.5 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 74 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 36.4 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 6.1 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 57.4 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 74, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 74 dependents (63 young dependents and 11 old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 85 dependents per 100 working-age population (75 young dependents and 10 old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 44.0 percent were never married while 41.4 percent were married. The rest of the population was categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (8.4 percent), widowed (4.9 percent), and divorced/separated (1.3 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 55.9 percent were males while 44.1 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 46.8 percent had attended or completed elementary education, about 28.4 percent had reached or finished high school, 6.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 7.8 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (52.4 percent) outnumbered the males (47.6 percent). Similarly, more females (59.5 percent) than males (40.5 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.9 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, around 3,000 persons or 1.9 percent of the 161,250 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.4 percent of the 140,174 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 2,000.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 142,441 household population five years and over, 3.6 percent (or 5,067 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (51.9 percent) than males (48.1 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 5,067 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 54.7 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 28.7 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 22.3 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 16.6 percent had difficulty in communicating; 16.4 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; and 11.8 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 123,165 household population 10 years old and over in Biliran, 1.7 percent (or 2,057 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 71.9 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 21.5 percent of the total overseas workers from this province, followed by age groups 25 to 29 years (19.0 percent), 30 to 34 years (18.0 percent), and 35 to 39 years (16.7 percent).
Average household size was 4.7 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 34,224, higher by 6,315 households compared with the 27,909 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.7 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.0 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 33,975 occupied housing units were recorded in the province of Biliran in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.7 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 5.1 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofsmade of strong materials increased
In 2010, 36.8 percent of the occupied housing units in the province had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, up from 20.7 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of wood decreased from 34.4 percent in 2000 to 29.5 percent in 2010. Similarly, those with outer walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa decreased from 25.6 percent in 2000 to 18.7 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 71.8 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum, higher than the proportion of 49.4 percent recorded in 2000. Occupied housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw decreased from 43.7 percent in 2000 to 25.2 percent in 2010.
Nearly half of the households in the province lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 49.5 percent of the total 34,224 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 47.2 percent of the 27,909 households.
Moreover, 41.6 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 7.0 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 0.6 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA