Population of Iloilo City increased at the rate of 1.49 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Iloilo City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Iloilo, posted a total population of 424,619 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 58,228 persons compared to its total population of 366,391 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.49 percent. This is lower than the 1.70 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.49 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Iloilo City would double in 47 years.
Forty years ago, the population of Iloilo City was only 209,738 persons. This population size is one half of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.
Calumpang was the most populous barangay
Among the 180 barangays comprising Iloilo City, barangay Calumpang was the most populous. Its population size was 2.6 percent of the total population of the city. San Juan came in second in terms of population size, with 2.3 percent share. This was followed by Balabago and Tabuc Suba (Jaro) with 2.0 percent each, Calaparan and So-oc with 1.9 percent each, Molo Boulevard with 1.8 percent, Santo NiÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â±o Sur with 1.7 percent, Cubay and Obrero-Lapuz with 1.6 percent each, and Bolilao with 1.5 percent. The rest of the barangays contributed less than 1.5 percent each.
The least populated barangay was Roxas Village with less than 0.1 percent share to the total population of the city. It was also the least populated barangay in 2000.
Sex ratio was 95 males per 100 females
Of the 421,976 household population in 2010, females accounted for 51.2 percent while males comprised 48.8 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 95 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (94 males per 100 females).
Median age increased to 26.2 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 26.2 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 26.2 years. This is higher than the median age of 24.0 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 27.8 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Persons aged 15 to 19 years and 20 to 24 years (10.1 percent each) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years (9.3 percent each). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years and 35 to 39 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 34 years and 40 years and over.
Two thirds of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 66.5 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 62.5 percent in 2000. There were more females (52.4 percent) than males (47.6 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 50 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 27.8 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 5.5 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 66.8 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 50, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 50 dependents (42 young dependents and eight old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 56 dependents per 100 working-age population (48 young dependents and eight old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 45.9 percent were never married while 43.6 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: widowed (4.9 percent), in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (4.0 percent), and divorced/separated (1.2 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 50.5 percent were males while 49.5 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 22.0 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 31.3 percent had reached or finished high school, 12.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 20.8 percent were academic degree holders. More females pursue higher levels of education than male, as majority of those with an academic degree (54.6 percent) and post baccalaureate course (58.3 percent) were females.
Persons with disability comprised 1.8 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 7,800 persons or 1.8 percent of the 421,976 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is similar to the proportion in 2000, which was 1.7 percent of the 364,238, household population of the city during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 6,300.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 382,656 household population five years and over, 2.5 percent (or 9,518 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (55.7 percent) than males (44.3 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 9,518 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 63.6 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 29.8 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 21.0 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 17.1 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 15.4 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 14.6 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 343,611 household population 10 years old and over in Iloilo City, 3.4 percent (or 11,746 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 66.8 percent of all overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 31.6 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (17.1 percent), 25 to 29 years (15.6 percent), and 35 to 39 years (15.3 percent).
Average household size was 4.7 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 90,681, higher by 18,348 households compared with the 72,333 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.7 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.0 persons in 2000.
There were 104 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 87,272 occupied housing units were recorded in Iloilo City in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 104 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.8 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 104 households per 100 occupied housing units and 5.2 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 30.7 percent in 2000 to 40.5 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood increased from 22.9 percent in 2000 to 24.6 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, majority (86.8 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion of 84.3 percent recorded in 2000.
More than half of the households in the city lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 53.1 percent of the total 90,681 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 33.9 percent of the 72,333 households.
Moreover, 24.7 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 11.0 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 8.1 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA